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Transcript of Brain Diagram
Brain Diagram Cerebrum The principal and most anterior part of the brain in vertebrates, located in the front area of the skull and consisting of two hemispheres, left and right, separated by a fissure. It is responsible for the integration of complex sensory and neural functions and the initiation and coordination of voluntary activity in the body Hypothalamus A region of the brain below the Thalamus in the fore brain. It is involved in the regulation of hunger, thirst, sex drive, body temperature and other states. It also secretes hormones that stimulate the pituitary gland, the “master gland” of the endocrine system. Pituitary Gland A gland located at the base of the brain producing hormones that control other glands and affect metabolism, bone growth, and sexual maturity Medulla The portion of the brain stem that is associated with life-sustaining functions such as heartbeat and respiration Cerebellum The portion of the hind brain that helps control posture, balance, and motor coordination Thalamus The portion of the brain whose primary function is to relay information from sensory system ( i.e visual system) to the cerebral cortex Corpus Collosum The bundle of nerve fibers that connects the left and right hemposphires of the brain Refers to that part of the brain where nerve cells are engaged in planning and directing the actions of muscles and glands that are under conscious control. A region of the cerebral cortex at the front of the brain (lying just behind the forehead) that is necessary for motor control and more complex, high-end functioning like speech, decision making, and judgments. The lobe of the cerebral cortex that is responsible for processing the sense of touch An area located in the frontal lobe usually of the left cerebral hemisphere and associated with the motor control of speech. The lobes of the cerebral cortex that are responsible for processing information from the auditory system The lobes of the cerebral cortex located in the rear of the brain that are primarily responsible for processing visual information A portion of the limbic system of the brain that is linked to emotions and forming long term memory. The region of the brain that is important in language development. The Wernicke's area is located on the temporal lobe on the left side of the brain and is responsible for the comprehension of speech The band of "neurons" embedded in your cerebrum or cerebral cortex. This part of your brain controls your five senses of sight, smell, taste, touch, and hearing. Reticular Activating System The part of the reticular formation
involved in regulating arousal, alertness,
and sleep/wake cycles Cerebral Cortex The outer layer of nerve cells
covering the cerebrum that is responsible for
most higher cognitive functions A portion of the brain located inside the
temporal lobes. It is part of the limbic system
and is involved with learning and forming
long-term memories 2.1.9 A.P Psychology