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Chapter 12: Abnormal Behavior

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DeAnne Blueter

on 16 July 2018

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Transcript of Chapter 12: Abnormal Behavior

Abnormal Psychology
Some of DSM-V Categories:
1. Anxiety Disorders con't
........Agoraphobia (intense fear
of crowds, public places, separation
from security.
4. Mood Disorders - Disturbances in mood or prolonged emotional state.
3. Dissociative Disorders (con't)
Potential Causes:
Chapter 12: Abnormal Behavior
The term
is a legal term and NOT a psychological term.
Schizophrenia Symptoms (con't)
3. Disturbances in thought

.See, hear, taste, touch, smell things that aren't there.

*80% of hallucinations are auditory.

2. Somatoform Disorders
(psychological difficulties that take on a physical form

A. Hypochondriasis
.A physical symptom
.Person exaggerates the problem
Gives a complete list of mental disorders, with description of significant behavior patterns for each disorder.

B. Conversion Disorder
.Major physical symptom
.Cause is psychological
.Rapid onset
.La belle indifference
4. Mood Disorders (con't)
C. Bipolar Disorder
.Alternates between Mania & Depression
.Swings may last a few days, weeks or years apart.

1. Anxiety Disorders (problems in which anxiety impedes daily functioning)
A. Panic Disorder
.Panic attack
.Frequently confused with a heart attack.

B. Phobic Disorder (Specific Phobia)
.Irrational & intense fear of an object or situation.
.No reason fear should be so intense.

(20 Weird Phobias)

C. Body Dysmorphic Disorder
.Person is preoccupied with his/her imagined ugliness
Defining Abnormal & Normal Behavior:
1. Different = Abnormal
2. Deviation from the ideal = Abnormal
3. Normal feels right
4. Inability to function effectively = Abnormal
5. Harmful to self or others = Abnormal

* 1st DSM (1952) listed Sexual Orientation Disturbance (Homosexuality) and was removed entirely in 1986 (DSM-III).
* In 1996, "Road Rage" was considered for the DSM-IV but didn't make the cut.
* DSM-V (May 2013) took out "Gender Identity Disorder" and added "Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder".
* Considerations for the next DSM are "Body Integrity Disorder" (wanting healthy limbs cut off because 'it feels right' and "Skin Picking Disorder"
Medical Students' Disease (thinking you
have the disorders you are learning about)
C. Generalized Anxiety Disorder
.Not fearful of specific thing
.No panic attacks
.A lot anxiety a lot of the time
.Physical symptoms.......
GAD video

D. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders
.A thought you can't get rid of
.WITH repetitive behaviors person can't stop doing.
*Often involves checking or counting.
3. Dissociative Disorders (the splitting apart of critical parts of a person's personality that normally work together)

A. Dissociative Amnesia
.Inability to recall past experiences
.The reason is NOT biological

B. Dissociative Fugue
.Person take an impulsive, sudden trip, often assuming a new identity.
.THEN....they suddenly forget the time they spent wandering and go back to previous memories.
C. Dissociative Identity Disorder
.Displays 2 or more distinct personalities
*Weird examples...allergies, glasses, lang
E. Trichotillomania - The uncontrollable need to pull out your hair & possibly eat it.
A. Major Depression
.Changes in sleep & appetite
.Difficulty concentrating & making decisions
.Things that used to be fun are no longer enjoyable
B. Mania
.extended state of happiness & energy
.Unusually optimistic, talkative,
cheerful, euphoric
.Grandiose ideas
Symptoms (may have one or more):
1. Decline in functioning

2. Disturbances in language
.poverty of content
.word salad

Louis Wain
John Nash (A Beautiful Mind)
Schizophrenia Symptoms (con't)
4. Emotional Disturbances

5. Withdrawal

The symptoms can develop in 2 ways:
1 - process schizophrenia
2 - reactive schizophrenia
Predisposition Model - looks at lots of factors together (genetics, environment, etc...)
Other possibilities:
.smaller brain
.older father
.viral infection while in the

Schizophrenia Poll
Watch this 1st
follow up
What it's like to have Bipolar
"All of Me"
update on Jani
Full transcript