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The Case of the Compromises

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on 1 May 2016

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Transcript of The Case of the Compromises

The Case of the Compromises
Conclusion
The Missouri Compromise
In an effort to preserve the balance of power in Congress between slave and free states, the Missouri Compromise was passed in 1820 admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state. Furthermore, with the exception of Missouri, this law prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line. In 1854, the Missouri Compromise was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act. Three years later the Missouri Compromise was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the Dred Scott decision, which ruled that Congress did not have the authority to prohibit slavery in the territories.
The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states regarding the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War (1846–48). The compromise, drafted by Whig Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky and brokered by Clay and Democratic Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois, reduced sectional conflict. Controversy arose over the Fugitive Slave provision. The Compromise was greeted with relief, although each side disliked specific provisions.
Timeline
-- February 8 through February 17, 1820- The Senate debated the admission of Maine and Missouri.
-- February 16, 1820 - The Senate agreed to unite the Maine and Missouri bills into one bill.
-- February 17, 1820 - The Senate agreed to an amendment that prohibited slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line, except for Missouri, and then agreed to the final version of the bill by a vote of 24 to 20.
-- March 1, 1820 - The House of Representatives passed its own bill, which admitted Missouri without slavery, by a vote of 91 to 82.
-- March 2, 1820 - A House-Senate conference agreed to the Senate's version of the bill.
-- March 2, 1820 - The House voted 90 to 87 to allow slavery in Missouri.
-- March 2, 1820 - The House voted 134 to 42 to prohibit slavery in the Louisiana Territory north of the 36° 30´ latitude line.
-- March 6, 1820 - President James Monroe signed the Missouri Compromise.
Citation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emancipation_Proclamation
The conflict over issues of how much control the federal government should have over the states, industrialization, trade, and especially slavery had increased tension between Northern and Southern states. After Abraham Lincoln was elected president in 1860, 11 Southern states seceded (or withdrew) from the Union and set up an independent government--the Confederate States of America. These events led to the outbreak of the Civil War--a brutal, bloody, four-year conflict that left the South defeated and ended slavery at the cost of more than half a million lives. ( citation : https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War )
http://www.history.com/topics/wilmot-proviso
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wilmot_Proviso
Citation
https://www.loc.gov/rr/program/bib/ourdocs/Missouri.html
Citation
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compromise_of_1850
-- Texas surrendered its claim to New Mexico, as well as its claims north of the Missouri Compromise Line. It retained the Texas Panhandle and the federal government took over the state's public debt.
-- California was admitted as a free state with its current boundaries.
-- The South prevented adoption of the Wilmot Proviso that would have outlawed slavery in the new territories, and the new Utah Territory and New Mexico Territory were allowed, under the principle of popular sovereignty, to decide whether to allow slavery within their borders. -- -- In practice, these lands were generally unsuited to plantation agriculture and their settlers were uninterested in slavery.
-- The slave trade (but not slavery altogether) was banned in the District of Columbia.
-- A more stringent Fugitive Slave Law was enacted.
Wilmot Proviso
The Wilmot Proviso was designed to eliminate slavery within the land acquired as a result of the Mexican War (1846-48). Soon after the war began, President James K. Polk sought the appropriation of $2 million as part of a bill to negotiate the terms of a treaty. The conflict over the proviso was one of the major events leading to the American Civil War.
In the 1844 election,the antislavery declaration reflected the national political situation. The Democrats had divided over slavery and expansion during but after his victory James K. Polk had pushed for the acquisition of the Oregon country and for a larger share of Texas from Mexico.
Northern Democrats such as Wilmot feared the addition of slave territory so they resented Polk’s willingness to compromise the Oregon dispute with Great Britain. Wilmot had been an administration loyalist until he presented his proviso. Apparently, it may not even have been his idea. The language was taken from the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, and several antislavery congressmen had written similar measures.
Emancipation Proclamation
The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. In a single stroke, it changed the federal legal status of more than 3 million enslaved people in the designated areas of the South from "slave" to "free".

Citation
Timeline of events
In the end, all the compromises led to one result...
THE
CIVIL WAR

The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States of America and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the factious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories.[N 1] After four years of combat, which had left up to 750,000 people, Union and Confederate, dead and had destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished, beginning Reconstruction and the process of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves

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The American Civil War, widely known in the United States as simply the Civil War as well as other names, was a civil war fought from 1861 to 1865 to determine the survival of the Union or independence for the Confederacy. Among the 34 states in January 1861, seven Southern slave states individually declared their secession from the United States of America and formed the Confederate States of America. The Confederacy, often simply called the South, grew to include eleven states, and although they claimed thirteen states and additional western territories, the Confederacy was never diplomatically recognized by any foreign country. The states that remained loyal and did not declare secession were known as the Union or the North. The war had its origin in the factious issue of slavery, especially the extension of slavery into the western territories.[N 1] After four years of combat, which had left up to 750,000 people, Union and Confederate, dead and had destroyed much of the South's infrastructure, the Confederacy collapsed and slavery was abolished, beginning Reconstruction and the process of restoring national unity and guaranteeing civil rights to the freed slaves. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/American_Civil_War)
Missouri Compromise
Wilmot Proviso
Compromise of 1850
Emancipation Proclamation
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