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Space Travel & Spaceships
Transcript of Space Travel & Spaceships
Was launched into space on October 4, 1957.
About the size of a beach ball and weighed 184 lbs.
Took about 98 minutes to orbit the Earth. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/ United States First Satellite http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/explorer/history/ Definitions Space: the region beyond Earth's atmosphere.
Space travel: a voyage outside the Earth's atmosphere.
Sputnik 1: First Soviet Union satellite.
Explorer 1: First United States satellite. Explorer 1 was the first satellite launched by the U.S.
Sent into space on January 31, 1958.
Orbits Earth every 115 minutes.
Weighed about 31 lbs.
Satellite launched using Jupiter C rocket.
Entered Earth's atmosphere and burned up on March 31, 1970. How Space Travel Was Started Mesopotamian and Greeks started astronomy.
The U.S. and Soviet Union has a battle to space.
Starts interest of space travel to other countries.
NASA is formed on October 1, 1958.
Inspires people: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Guion S. Bluford.
Galileo and Einstein. http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/whyweexplore/Why_We_29.html http://www.biography.com/people/groups/astronauts Apollo Program Things We Will Cover Today Russian Programs.
People and Animals.
Space Stations, moon landings, and future missions.
Future moon bases and manned Mars landing That's Not All We'll Cover! Commercial space travel.
Propulsion Systems and limitations.
Cosmic distances and times to reach objects.
Human factors in space travel. The First One The U.S. Sends One Finally Gets it Right, Sort Of The Overview Animals and Space Travel A dog named Laika.
Sent into space by Soviet's.
November 3, 1957.
Dog could lie down and rest on padded cushions.
No re-entry plan and the dog died in space. http://history1900s.about.com/od/1950s/p/laikathedog.htm A monkey named Albert.
First primate sent to space.
Made it 39 miles high in a V2 rocket.
Died from suffocation. First primate makes it to space.
Died from parachute failure. A smart idea.
Lack of planning.
Not enough patience. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/50620102/ns/technology_and_science-space/t/us-was-first-send-monkey-space/#.UY2ISrXqm5E Space Stations The First Space Station Salyut 1.
Launched by Soviet Union in 1971.
65 feet long, 13 feet diameter, and three pressurized compartments for living.
Was short term and started the way for more. Mir Launched by Soviet Union.
60 feet long, 100 feet wide, and 7x larger.
Could hold three and some short term visitors.
15 years in space. ISS International Space Station.
Launched in 1998.
Group: United States, Russia, Canada, Japan, and the European Space Agency.
240 feet long, 356 feet wide, and is still in flight. http://www.space.com/16773-first-space-station-salyut-1.html First Manned Space Flight Future Plans Vostok 1 was the first ever manned space flight.
April 12, 1951 was the launch date for Vostok.
The flight lasted 108 minutes.
Yuri Gagarin became the first human to leave the Earth's atmosphere. Humans exploring the solar system. Designed to land humans on moon and bring them safely back.
Apollo 8 was an orbital space flight.
Apollo 11 was the first space shuttle to land a man on the moon.
Landed on moon July 20, 1969.
Returned to earth July 24, 1969. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/lunar/apollo.html Future Plans Humans to explore the solar system.
More efficient space travel.
Mission: To keep exploring! http://www.nasa.gov/about/whats_next.html Commercial Space Travel Antares.
Starts the exploration for more. http://www.dvice.com/2013-4-22/antares-launch-paves-way-competitive-commercial-space-travel Moon Landings First Ever Moon Landing Other Moon
Landings Apollo 11 was the first.
Launched from Kennedy Space Center.
Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong spent 21 hours on the moon.
They did experiments and took pictures.
They also gathered 46 pounds of moon rocks. http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/apollo/ Propulsion Systems VASMIR: Variable Specific Impulse Magnetoplasma Rocket.
Protects from radiation.
Could go to Mars.
Powered by hydrogen and electrical power. http://www.nasa.gov/vision/space/travelinginspace/future_propulsion.html Study Guide and Quiz 5 other moon landings.
All were from the Apollo program.
Took data and samples from the moon.
Also took photos of deep space phenomenon. Study Guide First animal in space is a dog named Laika launched on November 3, 1957.
First space station is Salyut 1.
Followed by ISS created by five space agencies launched in 1998.
Apollo 11 is first moon landing collecting data from experiments and 46 pounds of moon rocks. The Soviet Union launched the first satellite, named Sputnik 1, on October 4, 1957.
U.S. sends Explorer 1 in space on January 31, 1958.
First manned space flight sent by Soviet Union called Vostok 1 on April 12, 1951.
Apollo program landed successfully a man on the moon on July 20, 1969. Human Factors in Space Travel Working on staying in space longer.
Future space missions will uncover new issues.
Affected less by technology and more by human in space. http://www.nasa.gov/exploration/humanresearch/areas_study/environment/enviro_human_factors.html Antares is the space program looking to start commercial space travel.
VASMIR propulsion system allows for faster travel and protection from radiation. Human factors in space travel is always a problem but is under research for solutions. The Quiz What was the name of the first satellite? Who launched the Explorer 1? The Vostok 1 was launched by the _______. The first man on the moon landed on what date? What was the first animal in space and what was its name? What was the name of the first space station? How many space agencies created the ISS? What was the first spaceship to land on the moon? What is the name of the program trying to start commercial space travel? What are two advantages to VASMIR? True or False: Human factors in space travel is no longer a problem. Sputnik. The United States of America. The Soviet Union. July 20, 1969. Laika the dog. Salyut 1. Five. Apollo 11. Antares. Protection from radiation and faster travel. False. Cosmic Distances and Time We are able to see about 13 billion light years away.
That is 123,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 km away!
Means that one light year is 946,052,840,000 km. Light year= 946,052,840,000 km.
We can see 13 billion light years away! What is the approximate distance of a light year? Anything around 946,052,840,000 km. http://heasarc.nasa.gov/docs/cosmic/farthest_info.html THE END