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life after death
Transcript of life after death
To learn about concepts of the afterlife in the Abrahamic religions with special focus on Christian beliefs. Group Activity
What is your idea of heaven? What things would you like to see or do in heaven? In your groups write down five things. All the Abrahamic religions have a concept of heaven or paradise after death. This paradise is reserved for the good and the holy. For Jews 'Sheol' is a type of shadowy after death existence that most goes into. It is not a place of judgement or punishment like the Christian understanding of Hell, but it isn't much fun either. Gan Eden is understood to be a garden paradise like the Garden of Eden Those who are good Muslims, just and holy, will enter a garden paradise. The 72 Virgins thing is a much later idea. Hell is for those who are evil. In hell food does not nourish. the good news is that it may not last forever if it is Allah's will. Pairs Activity
What is your idea of hell? Traditional Christian theology says that Hell lasts for ever and that everyone deserves to go there. Only those who have faith in Jesus get to go to heaven. Others think that it is just really evil people who go to hell. Purgatory Only Roman Catholics believe in Purgatory as a waiting room for heaven.
Protestants do not believe in Purgatory at all! Heaven Heaven is reserved only for the good Heaven is thought of as a city with streets pathed with gold. God is there Samsara
(reincarnation) Dharma Karma Moksha Samsara Group activity
If you could come back as anything, what would it be and why? The Caste System Dharma is your role in life, you have to do it! The total effect of a person's actions and conduct during the successive phases of the person's existence, regarded as determining the person's destiny. "Accordingly as one behaves so does he become. The doer of good becomes good, the doer of evil becomes evil. One becomes virtuous by virtuous actions, others become bad by bad action." Gaining good Karma means that you progress to a higher existence in the next life. Samsara is the continuous cycle of birth, life death and rebirth. This is also known as Reincarnation Reincarnation is a continuous spiral of life. With good karma from fulfilling dharma a person is reborn into a state of existence. Hindus estimate that in the course of samsara a soul will be reborn and die some 800,000,000 times. The goal isn't to reach the top of the caste system, it is to get off the whole merry go round of Samsara altogether Moksha is escaping samsara and being assumed back into Brahnam Life After Death Philosophical views of life after death Learning Intentions:
To look at what classical philosophy has to say about the soul and life after death. Group activity:
In Groups discuss this question: How do you know everyone else exists? "Triangles!!! Woohoo!!!" Dionogines - Father of the cynics "Hi, I'm Socrates, my hobbies include, being the granddaddy of western philosophy and corrupting the youth of Athens" Heraclitus "Everything flows" Epicurius taught that nothing should be believed unless it is tested. This book, Timeo, by Plato, has a couple of lines in it describing the city of Atlantas. This is the first ever reference to the (mythical) city swallowed by the sea! Aristotle's book, Ethics, is the first to mention Temperance, Prudence, Fortitude and Justice as the four cardinal virtues. Is there such a thing as a human soul? If so what is it like? The soul is immortal, after it dies it returns to "the good" and the world of forms For Plato, the soul is comprised of three parts:
3) Appetite The soul is not corporal, it is not tangable, measurable or made of any kind of matter. Although Plato and Aristotle differed significantly on the idea of forms they both believed in the immortality of the human soul. Although Aristotle was really unclear about what happened after death. Plato's ideas were a massive influence on early Christian thinkers and the immortality of the soul. Life after death? Learning Intentions
To introduce the topic of life after death, thinking about various views on the subject Every religion offers an answer about what happens after death. Group activity
What do you think happens after you die? Heaven? Hell? Some kind of paradise? Do you come back... ...as something awesome!!! Is the energy from your life passed on to a new life? Do you become a ghost? Maybe Zombies or vampires? or something worse!!!!! Afterlife in the ancient world Are we there yet? Life after Death at the Movies Ghosts, science and near-death experiences Pairs Activity
What would you really like to happen to you after you die? End of Unit Task - You will have two lessons to do this. 2. In groups of 3, fill in the A3 worksheet with information on your chosen belief. 3. In groups of 3, make a presentation about that belief. 4. You can use any format you like, including a newspaper article, booklets, posters, powerpoint, prezi, a series of poems, a diagram, comic strip, etc. 5. Each write an individual report on how well you and your collaborators worked together on this task. Fields of Elysium Plato - theory of forms 1. Pick one of the beliefs about life after death we have looked at in this unit. Heaven or hell? Samsara reincarnation Boarding an "afterlife train" in Harry Potter 7 Presentation should include:
Information about the belief
Your own intuitions and how it makes you feel
The benefits of the belief
The obstacles of the belief
How you think these obstacles might be overcome
An overview of what you think is most important about the belief What did you enjoy about the unit?
What did you not enjoy?
What tasks did you complete on the end of unit task?
Did you work well on your tasks?
Did your group work well together? What did you do particularly well together?
What are your own beliefs about life after death? Fields of Elysium - Ancient Roman Beliefs Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows - Heaven/Hell/Purgatory The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe - resurrection? Sixth Sense - Scentific proof or belief? Lion King - Life after Death in our descendants? Amber Spyglass, World of the Dead - Purgatory? Totally new idea? Dualism? Triadic personal identity? Person - Lyra
Death - Lyra's death
Soul (Dæmon) - Pan Amber Spyglass - Life after Death Death Stays in the living world, disappears into the air World of the Dead - Horrible place, scary harpies
- Tell harpies the truth about everything you have done in your life, including bad things
- You are lead to an escape route where you can join your soul in the air Scientific method HYPOTHESIS What we are trying to prove... There is life after death EXPERIMENT What we use to test the Hypothesis... Photographs with unexplained ghostly people in them EVALUATION Did the Experiment prove the Hypothesis? There is life after death, or there is no life after death or it is not clear. Class activity:
Fill out the worksheet of scientific method for this video clip. A very different scientific view... MATERIALISM
The belief that we are only a physical body, there is no second part (the soul). Could we prove this with an experiment? Do you think there is strong scientific evidence on the question of life after death? Body and soul or just body?
(Personal Identity) Do you think you are just a physical body, or do you think you have a separate soul as well? I am: A Body OR I am: Body Soul If there is life after death, we must be more than just bodies. If so, what are we? What makes you "you"? What are we left with in our personal identity table if the evil demon suggestion was true? Cogito ergo sum Je pense donc je suis I think, therefore, I am Zombies & Vampires Zombies and Voodoo What do we already know about the Afterlife? Ba: set of spiritual characteristics that remains with the body. Group Activity
Zombie Tag!!!! Ka: A life-force that leaves the body on death (needs offerings of food and water to endure death) Funeral rituals are intended to release the body to move freely and join the Ka as a Akh AKH: "effective one" It was also important that the body of the deceased be preserved, as the Egyptians believed that the Ba returned to its body each night to receive new life, before emerging in the morning as an Akh. Osiris, God of the afterlife, the underworld and the dead Group activity:
Write down a list of everything you know about vampires. Group Activity:
Zombies vs Vampires
In your groups discuss who would win in a fight of 100 zombies vs 10 vampires. Give reasons for your answer. The soul had to avoid a variety of supernatural dangers in the Duat, part of the underworld.
Then there is a final judgment known as the "Weighing of the Heart"
In this judgment, the gods compared the actions of the deceased while alive (symbolized by the heart) to Ma'at (a word used for truth, honor, justice, etc) to determine whether he or she had behaved in accordance with Ma'at.
If the deceased was judged worthy, his or her ka and ba were united into an akh.
The Akh then is thought to dwell in the world of Osiris, a pleasant place. Anubis, the funerary god Book of the Dead Fields of Elysium Hades and the Underworld Fields of Tartarus Charon, the boatman What do we know about Afterlife in Ancient Greece? Fields of Elysium sounds like the perfect place. Try to think of a place that could be considered perfect for everyone you know (taking into account all their different tastes and preferences). Give a description of this on your worksheet, by either a written description, visual description or a mindmap of ideas.