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Civil liberties during WWI
Transcript of Civil liberties during WWI
-During world war 1 individuals rights were being taken away by the government
-People who opposed the war were often sent to jail or lost their jobs
-Rights like freedom of speech and the right to protest were being suppressed Civil liberties Events that had a major effect Causes -government was trying to limit the
opposition to the war
-when propaganda wasn't enough they
started forcing people to support the
-president Woodrow Wilson said "gravest threats against our national peace and safety have been uttered within our own borders." The Espionage Act, passed in
June 1917, provided penalties
of 20 years imprisonment and
fines up to $10,000 for those
convicted of interfering with
military recruitment. The sedition act of 1918 made
it a crime to disrupt military
recruiting or enlistments, to
encourage support for Germany
and its allies or disrespect for
American war efforts. Schenck vs. United States
-Charles Schenck was the Secretary
of the Socialist Party of America and
responsible for printing, distributing,
and mailing to prospective draftees
during WWI opposing the war
-convicted of violating the Espionage Act
-appealed to the Supreme Court saying their
decision violated his first amendment rights
-court held that Schenck's conviction was constitutional
-the first amendment did not protect speech encouraging insubordination
-"clear and present danger"
-Schenck spent 6 months in prison Activists Eugene V. Debs
*an American Labor and
political leader, and 5 time
Socialist Party of America Candidate
for the American presidency
*made an anti-war speech in Canton,
Ohio protesting involvement in WWI
*arrested under Espionage act
*sentenced to serve 10 yrs in prison and
disenfranchised for life Upton Sinclair
<criticized the federal government's suppression of civil liberties during the war
<published many books bringing out corruptions in the government, known as a muckraker
<wrote books such as "The Jungle" which exposed the bad meat being sold and "Worlds End" which took place from 1914 to 1950 dealing with world affairs A. Mitchel Palmer
led 10,000 anarchists and labor activists
in Palmer raids, mass arrest Gardner, Nikolas. "World War I: Support for the War Effort: Need To Know." World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2013.
Butler, Ted. "Upton Sinclair." World at War: Understanding Conflict and Society. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 31 Jan. 2013
Fisher, Louis. "civil rights and liberties during wartime." American Government. ABC-CLIO, 2013. Web. 4 Feb. 2013.
"Espionage Act of 1917." Espionage Act of 1917. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2013. <http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1344.html>.
Buitenhuis, Peter. " Upton Sinclair and the Socialist Response to World War I - Canadian Review of American Studies - Volume 14, Number 2 / 1983 - University of Toronto Press ."University of Toronto Press Home - Main . 1983. Web. 4 Feb 2013. <http://utpjournals.metapress.com/content/M71500067078732T>. Citations Results People were very angry with the government and president Woodrow Wilson. Their rights had been taken away and some of them had even been thrown into jail. Not only did they have to send their men into war but they weren't allowed to express their opinions about it.