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Nature vs. Nurture

What Makes the "Greatest" So Great?
by

Briana Roberson

on 6 June 2013

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Transcript of Nature vs. Nurture

Opportunity -Availability -Upbringing Environment Upbringing External Influences -Sport popularity What Makes The "Greatest" So Great? Nurture Nature Genetics (Sports Psychology) Advantage of Human Biology Family History Examples of Genetic Influences (Studies and Experiments) Definition of Genetics Definition of Genetics Advantages of Human Biology Family History Cases of Genetic Influences -External Influences -Opportunity Sources Genes are defined as the biochemical units of heredity that make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein. Genes heavily direct behavior but not entirely. Described as the building blocks for our physical development which can either be beneficial or detrimental to an athlete in a specific sport. Genes are an integral part of brain mentality of an athlete. Genetics can give certain people certain advantages that can relate to a particular sport or activity. Gene complexes describe when genes act together to create a specific human trait and make every human distinct. Many behavior geneticists claim that our genetic predispositions help explain human nature and human diversity. Each DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) segment contains codes for a distinct protein which ultimately is WHY we are all different, in both intelligence to physical build. Usually, the same genes that previous members within the family had may be "carried down" the family tree. The process of genes being "carried down" the family tree is called HEREDITY. Heritability of a trait can be defined as the extent to which variation among individuals can be attributed to their differing genes. Example: If the heritability of intelligence is 50%, that does not necessarily mean your intelligence is 50% genetic. It means we can attribute to the genetic influence 50% of the observed variation among people. Michael Jordan was universally considered to be the perfect combination of the interaction between genetics and environment. Heredity showed that the gene for his outstanding athleticism was in the bloodline. Genes can help specific athletes have advantages over others.
Best for basketball players to be tall (Kobe Bryant)
Best for swimmers to have long wing span (Michael Phelps)
Best for soccer to be fast and quick (Lionel Messi) The Genius in All of Us by David Shenk Outliers by Malcolm Gladwell Outliers: The Story of Success. New York: Little, Brown, and Company. 2008. Print.

Jacobsen, Kristen. "Considering Interactions between Genes, Environments, Biology and Social Context." American Psychological Association. April 2009. Web. 23 May 2013.

Myers, A David. "Psychology: Eighth Edition." New York: Worth Publishers, 2007. Print David, Shenk. "The Genius in All of Us: Why Everything You've Been Told about Genetics, Talent, and IQ is Wrong." New York: Doubleday, 2010. Print. -Family support -Expectations -Sports that family plays/played - Competition -Culture -Affordability -Reputation
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