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Transcript of adjective clause
When, Where, Why Relative Pronouns:
That ,Which THAT
-replaces nouns or pronouns that refer to people, animals or things WHICH
-replaces nouns and pronouns that refer to animals or things Relative Pronouns Relative Adverbs WHERE
-for location/place WHEN
-cannot be a subject/omitted WHY
-refers to reason WHO
-pronoun 'he' WHOSE
-to find out which person something belongs to WHOM
-pronoun 'him' Relative Pronouns :
Who, Whom, Whose Examples:
1. The man who tries will succeed.
(who is the subject of tries) Examples:
1. They are the people with whom I live.
2. I don't know from whom the love letter came.
(whom is the object of preposition)
3. They hired the man whom we interviewed last week.(whom is the object pronoun) Examples:
1. She isn't sure whose car that is. (whose shows possession of car)
2. The senator whose opinion was in question spoke to the press.
(whose shows possession of the opinion, the clause acts as an adjective) Examples:
1. There is no reason why i love you.
2. I don't know why he loves me.
3. We did not understand the reason why our relationship failed.
(adjective clauses describe the reasons) Examples:
The restaurant is renovated.
We had our first date there.
The restaurant where (in which) we had our first date is renovated. Examples:
1. I will never forget (the moment) when he told me he loves me.
(adjective clause modifies the moment I will never forget)
2. February is the month when (on which) single people look for lovers.
(adjective clause modifies the month of February) -connect adjective clauses to the words they modify and act as adverbs in the clauses.
-when (in/on which), where (in/at which),
why (for which) Examples:
1. She said (that) she loves you.
2. I will never forget the day (that) we met.
(that act as object pronouns)
3. A home that is built with love is built to last. (that acts as the subject pronoun) Examples:
1. The valentines card which he gave to me is on my bag. (which act as a subject)
2. The valentines card which was given to me is beautiful. (which act as a direct object)
3. This is the book about which I read romantic quotes. (which acts as an object of a preposition) - connect adjective clauses to the words they modify and act as subjects, direct objects, objects of prepositions, or adjectives in the clauses
-that, which, who, whom, whose
*If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, the relative pronoun is a subject pronoun. Subject pronouns must always be used.
*If the relative pronoun is not followed by a verb (but by a noun or pronoun), the relative pronoun is an object pronoun. Object pronouns can be dropped in defining relative clauses, which are then called Contact Clauses. 2. Two sentences:
Thomas Jefferson was the third President of the United States. He wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Thomas Jefferson, who wrote the Declaration of the Independence, was the third President of the United States. Essential/Restricted clause Nonessential/
Non restricted Clause Two Basic Types:
Essential and Nonessential - It gives essential information about a noun that comes before it: without this clause the sentence would not make much sense. A restrictive relative clause can be introduced by that, which, whose, who, or whom. You should not place a comma in front of a restrictive relative clause. Examples:
1. The table that you reserved is not yet ready.
2. It reminded him of the moments when they are still together. - It provides extra information that could be left out without affecting the meaning or structure of the sentence. Non-restrictive relative clauses are normally introduced by which, whose, who, or whom, but never by that. You should place a comma in front of them: Examples:
1. George fell in love with Marilyn, who lives in Alaska.
2. Ivan visited on his girlfriend's house, which is located in Batangas. A dependent/subordinate clause
that modifies a noun/pronoun
by telling what kind, which one or how many. First, it contains a subject and a verb. Lastly, it functions as an adjective,
answering the questions:
What kind? How many? or Which one? Definitions Example:
lives in the house next door
(verb) (subject) Next, it begins with a relative pronoun (who, whom, whose, that, which) and a relative adverb (when, where, why). Example:
who lives in the house next door Example:
She is the girl who lives in the house next door.