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Persian Empire by whit, will, rocio, and susana
Transcript of Persian Empire by whit, will, rocio, and susana
Susana Vazquez Persian Empire 518BCE: work on the city was started by Darius I & finished his son Xerxes
Ceremonial capital of the Achaemenid Empire
Built in a remote/mountainous region (modern day Iran)
Persepolis - the Greek interpretation (Persian City) City of Persepolis The Persians first worshiped many gods. Until a prophet named Zoroaster reduced the role of those gods around 1000 B.C.E . Zoroaster divided the gods, first there was the supreme god Ahura-Mazda who created everything lives in heaven. Second was the seven holy spirits that helps in heaven and earth. Last was the old deities that lived on earth. Ahura-Mazda's twin brother Ahriman opposed him and they fought over the soul of the dead. Fire, water, air, and earth were sacred, but fire and water were more sacred because they reveled people lying the worst crime. Also animals were sacred and were prayed for before they were killed. Religion The city was beautiful & had incredible luxury
huge buildings w/ gold
Darius I transferred the capital from Pasaragadae to Persepolis Persepolis Plan The Persian Empire stretched to the south and west to Egypt and Libya, to the north and west to Macedon and Thrace, and east to the Indus River. The empire is surrounded by the Persian Gulf, Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Arabian Sea. The Achaemenid Empire became the largest empire at this time. They built roads, dug canals, and established the first important postal system in history. The Achaemenians were able to have such a large empire because of their system of organization. Old Persian was the people's official language. For writing, the Achaemenians adopted the cuneiform system from Mesopotamia and used it for Old Persian languages. The Persian Empire was established by Achaemenid Kings. The empire was also called the Achaemenian Empire. Old Persian Royal inscriptions were the most important writing of the Achaemenian period. The longest are "Darius the Great's Behistun" and "Xerxes I's Daiva inscription. Achaemenian's favorite celebration was birthdays. When they had their hair and nails cut they had to place them in a particular spot or receptacle. Hunting was the royal sport. The Achaemenians had a custom for every occasion. Capital City of Persia Government-type Monarchy ruled over the people. But when Darius 1 took the throne he divided Persia into twenty provinces or satrapies. Early works: ceramics from Susa & Persepolis (350 BC)
Choice of Subject: Nature
Unified style emerges in Achaemenid Period (550-330)
Influenced by the Greeks, Egyptians, & other Persians
Evolved a monumental style: sculpture is used as an attachment to their palaces
Geometric style: used circles & squares (architecture) Persian Art & Architecture The Grand Palace in the Persian Capital, Persepolis Social
Structure Cyrus the Great Cyrus Cylinder Family was the basic social unit
Families made up a clan
Clans were the basic unit of identification
A clan make up a tribe
Tribes are identified as what they did
ex. Magi became the priest class Works Cited
"City of Perspolis." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. Columbia University Press,
1 Nov. 2011. Web. 4 Sept. 2012.
Doxuan, Charles E. "The Mystery of Persepolis." MasterFILE Premier.EBSCO,
May 1995. Web. 4 Sept. 2012.
"Persian Art & Architecture." Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia 6th Edition.
Columbia University Press, 1 Nov. 2011. Web. 10 Sept. 2012.
Williams, Brian, and Brenda Williams. Encyclopedia of World History: From
the Stone Age to the 21st Century. Bath, Eng.: Parragon, 2004. Print.
Zeinert, Karen. The Persian Empire. Tarrytown, NY: Benchmark, 1997. Print.
"The Kingfisher History Encyclopedia. New York: KIngfisher, 1999.Print
"Ancient Persian Empire Government of Ancient Persia" Ancient Persian Empire
Government of Ancient Persia.N.P.,n.d. Web.04Sept.2012
"Persians." Ancient and Medival World. Marshall Cavendish Digital, 2012.Web.04
September 2012 Bureaucrats- people who operate the centralized government. Also know as the educated or wealth class.
Free citizens- majority of the people who were the middle class.
Ex. merchants and craftsmen
Slavery was common (lower class) Cyrus Cylinder was considered to be the first declaration of human rights.
The cylinder is in akkadian language with cuniform script.
Cyrus Cylinder was found in 1879 in the Marduk temple of Babylon.
The 3 main ideas of the Cyrus Cylinder are
the formalization of racial, language, and religious equality
slaves and all deported peoples were to be allowed to return home
all destroyed temples were to be restored
The cylinder was for the Babylonian people to enchance Cyrus support and popularity for conquering Babylon in 546 B.C.E Works Cited Inventions & Achievements land won like Egypt
est. 1st postal system Each was run by a governor called a satrap. To keep the satrap in line a secretary and military offical were installed in each one. Cyrus was the son of Cambyses who was of a Achaemanian family and daughter of the Median king Astyages.
Cyrus freed Fars in 550 B.C.E from is grandfather's rule with the help of Hapagus, a general in the Median army
Conquered two major nations Lydia and Babylon, but not Greece
He was able to find untold wealth enough to make is dream of a great Persian Empire
Cyrus was killed in a war in Central Asia in 530 B.C.E
Was buried in the city of Pasargadae "Cyrus the Great." New World Encyclopedia, . 3 Apr 2008, 19:36 UTC. 14 Sep 2012, 17:30
"Jerusalem." New World Encyclopedia, . 23 Apr 2012, 19:40 UTC. 14 Sep 2012, 18:03
Cook, J. M. The Persian Empire. New York: Barns & Noble, 1993. Print. Sept.10
Tubb, Johnathon N. Bible Lands. New YorkIsaiah. : Dorling Kindersley, 2000. Print The Holy Bible. New York: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.
Coogan, Micheal D. Biblical World. New York: Oxford UP, 1998. Print
State of New South Wales, Department of Education and Communities and Charles Sturt University, 2011.Web Sept. 20
"Pasargadae." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2012. Web. 24 Sep. 2012.