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A New Approach to Diversity in the Classroom

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by

Adrienne Jones

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of A New Approach to Diversity in the Classroom

Bibliography
http://www.autismspeaks.org/what-autism/asperger-syndrome

http://www.ncld.org/students-disabilities/ld-education-teachers/tips-teachers-accommodating-students-dyslexia

http://www.ldonline.org/article/5911/

http://diversitygroup-esl.wikispaces.com/Accomodating+Multiple+Intelligences+of+ESL+Students+in+a+Mainstream+Classroom

http://www.eltnewsletter.com/back/January2002/art852002.htm

http://www.ted.com/speakers/sugata_mitra.html

http://www.ncld.org/es/learning-disability-resources/videos/video-adhd-attention-deficit-separating-fact-fiction
A New Approach to Diversity in the Classroom
What sorts of learners do we have in our classrooms?
Diversity in the classroom
ADD/ADHD:

Autism and Asperger's:

Dylexia:

Dyscalculia:

Dysgraphia:

Dyspraxia:
Classroom strategies that are good for all learners:
https://www.google.es/search?q=graphic+organizers&rlz=1C1GGGE_enES482ES483&espv=210&es_sm=93&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ei=meTgUoztKufi4QSu4oDIDQ&ved=0CC4QsAQ&biw=1280&bih=933
Specifically for learners with ADD/ADHD
Task duration
Peer tutoring
Novelty
Structure and organization
Rule reminders and visual cues
Auditory cues
Self-Pacing of work
Productive physical movement
Chat with a neighbor
Think of a problem you encountered in your classroom this week
What might have caused it?
How did you tackle it?




What might be the roots of the problem?
learning disabilities
inappropriate teaching methods
students don't find the subject engaging
Gardner's Multiple Intelligence Theory
Each of us has a personal intelligence profile
Each intelligence type is associated with a specific learning style
Why should we take MIT into account? Because it works!
So... Do you know your intelligence profile?

Test yourself!
Then, test your students!


Specifically for Learners with Dyslexia
Graphic organizers

Visual Cues

Letter strips abcdefgh....

*Put stars on important parts of tests

Use different
c
o
l
o
s
r
to make words and letters
stand

out

http://www.kerstens.org/alicia/planning10/Multiple%20Intelligences%20Inventory.pdf
Asperger's
Multiple Intelligences Inventory by Walter McKenzie
Verbal-linguistic
Visual-spatial
Bodily-kinaesthetic
Interpersonal
Logical-mathematical
Musical
Intrapersonal
Naturalist
Existentialist
MIT in EFL Classroom
HOW CAN WE ADAPT OUR OUR CLASSROOM METHODOLOGY?
Establish the intelligence profiles in your classroom
Introduce a series of everyday classroom activities and techniques to cater for different learners
Be flexible and creative with the coursebook
ADHD
EFL Coursebook Analysis
What conclusions can we draw from this study?
The results of the categorisation of exercises:

97% verbal-linguistic
76% intrapersonal
25% interpersonal
8% logical-mathematical
5% bodily-kinaesthetic
3% naturalist
2% musical






What is the future of learning?
Sugata Mitra & Hole-in-the-Wall project
Is knowing obsolete?
Can children ¨teach themselves¨?
Education as a self-organising system where learning is an emergent phenomena
Different types of learners
Speaking Activity:
Symptoms of Asperger's:
limited or inappropriate social interactions
• "robotic" or repetitive speech
• challenges with nonverbal communication (gestures, facial expression, etc.) coupled with average to above average verbal skills
• tendency to discuss self rather than others
• inability to understand social/emotional issues or nonliteral phrases
• lack of eye contact or reciprocal conversation
• obsession with specific, often unusual, topics
• one-sided conversations
• awkward movements and/or mannerisms
1. When was a time that you felt proud?
2. What is special to you about friendship?
3. When was a time that you really wanted to be listened to?
Fact or Fiction???
1. Each of us has a touch of ADHD
2. The only treatment is Medication
3. ADHD is the same as a Learning Disability
4. ADHD always results in learning problems and behavioral problems
5. Self-medication is a problem amongst teenagers with ADHD
6. Adults do not suffer from ADHD
Fact
Fiction
Fiction
Fiction
Fiction
Fiction
Active vs. passive involvement
Distractions
Anticipation
Contingency management: Encouraging appropriate behavior
Powerful external reinforcement
Token economy systems
Response-cost programs
Time-out
Marzanos Strategies
Graphic Organizers
More information:
http://www.ldonline.org/article/5911/
Full transcript