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Martin Luther King, Jr.
Transcript of Martin Luther King, Jr.
Birth & Early Life
A PRESENTATION BY MEILING GEIGES & AMELIE HANKE
1. Birth & Early Life
2. Montgomery Bus Boycott
3. Southern Christian Leadership Conference
4. March on Washington
5. Protests against the Vietnam War
6. Nobel Peace Prize
Martin Luther King. Jr., born as Michael King, Jr.
* January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
founded in 1957 by Martin Luther King and 60 other black pastors (after the Montgomery Bus Boycott victory)
civil rights organization that fights for the rights of African-American population
King led the SCLC until his death
Montgomery Bus Boycott
after the arrest of Rosa Parks, supporters of the Civil Rights Movement refused to use the bus for 385 days (thirteen months)
boycott was led by Martin Luther King
King's house was bombed therefore
Martin Luther King was arrested during the boycott
success: the law segregating blacks and whites in buses had to be abolished
King's role in the bus boycott made him to the face of the civil rights movement
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom
1963 in Washington, D.C.
one of the largest political demonstrations for civil rights in US history (200,000 to 300,000 participants)
during the march Martin Luther King delivered in front of the Lincoln Memorial his historic speech "I Have a Dream"
Martin Luther King and Rosa Parks
in spring of 1963, activists in Birmingham, Alabama, launched one of the most influential campaigns of the Civil Rights Movement: the Birmingham Campaign
over next couple of months, peaceful demonstrations would be met with violent attacks
president John F. Kennedy
the Birmingham Campaign ended in May of 1963
Protests against the Vietnam War
Martin Luther King was an activist for peace as well
he protested against the war which the US fought in Vietnam, for example in his famous speech "Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence"
April 15, 1967: Martin Luther King spoke at a march in New York against the Vietnam war
Nobel Peace Prize
awarded for the Nobel Peace Prize: 1964
for his dynamic leadership of the Civil Rights Movement and for his commitment to achieving racial justice through non-violent actions
Martin Luther King in
front of SCLC's headquarter in Atlanta
March on Washington, August 28, 1963
Martin Luther King speaking at a march against the Vietnam war
Martin Luther King traveled to Memphis, Tennessee to support the 'Poor People's March'
† 4. April 1968: King has been shot on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel where he stayed during his trip to Memphis
murderer: James Earl Ray, a white racist
"Letter from Birmingham Jail"
King was arrested and jailed early in the campaign—his 13th arrest, out of 29.
King argues that the crisis of racism is too urgent, and the current system too entrenched: "We know through painful experience that freedom is never voluntarily given by the oppressor, it must be demanded by the oppressed."
"I Have a Dream"
“I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up, and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal.’
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at a table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice and sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!”
Martin Luther King standing on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel, 4. April, 1968
Martin Luther King with his Nobel Peace Prize
Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King during his speech "I Have a Dream"