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Transcript of Animal Testing
Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, is the use of animals in experiments. The research is conducted inside universities, medical schools, pharmaceutical companies, farms, defence establishments, and commercial facilities that provide animal-testing services to industries. Animal testing has been going on for many years and is an extremely controversial topic, since many people believe that it is unethical. Some people will say animal testing is necessary in the furthering of medical treatment for humans but the on other side of this argument people believe that animal testing is completely unacceptable and treatment for humans should be only be tested on humans.
Animal testing should be banned
Some scientists and animal rights organizations, such as PETA (People for Ethical Treatment of Animals) and BUAV (British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection) , question the legitimacy of it, arguing that it is cruel and poorly regulated. They believe animal testing should be banned since it is a cruel way of trying to find results that aren't always trustworthy. Over 100 million animals every year suffer and die in cruel chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics tests as well as in biology lessons, medical training exercises, and curiosity-driven medical experiments at universities. Exact numbers aren't available because mice, rats, birds, and cold-blooded animals—who make up more than 95 percent of animals used in experiments- are not covered by even the minimal protections of the
Animal testing shouldn't be banned
Supporters of the practice, such as the British Royal Society, argue that virtually every medical achievement in the 20th century relied on the use of animals in some way, with the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences arguing that even sophisticated computers are unable to model interactions between molecules, cells, tissues, organs, organisms, and the environment, making animal research necessary in many areas. They believe that without the use of animal testing we would not have cures to many of the different diseases that we are able to cure. Many current diseases are cured and treated through the use of animal testing. For instance, cancer and HIV are common illnesses that have been made treatable through the use of animal testing.
The alternatives to animal testing, are not reliable. Through the use of computer engineering and cell cultures, we are able to see the effects to some extent; however, these methods are not as reliable as animal testing. Cell cultures are not as detailed as animal testing. Cell cultures only show the effects to the few cells it is tested on. Whereas if you were test on an animal, it shows the effects to the body as a whole. Computer models are useful for a hypothetical sample, but the body consists of many variables and unknowns that computers cannot account for.
Many big name products on our supermarket shelves and in our department store cosmetic counters have been tested on animals. Some include:
BY: Nadia Fazal 10C
Animal Welfare Act and therefore go uncounted. To test cosmetics, household cleaners, and other consumer products, hundreds of thousands of animals are poisoned, blinded, and killed every year by corporations. Mice and rats are forced to inhale toxic fumes, dogs are force-fed pesticides, and rabbits have corrosive chemicals rubbed onto their skin and eyes. Many of these tests are not even required by law, and they often produce inaccurate or misleading results.
It is believed that since we now live in the 21st century, that subjecting animals to long and painful experiments is no longer needed to advance as a society. Banning animal testing will in no way hurt any advancement in the future. 9 out of 10 times, the testing is found inaccurate in the end anyways. There are now alternatives such as bio-engineering and computer modeling that can provide us better, more accurate results than animal testing. It's also a much faster and cheaper method.
Millions of animals also suffer and die for classroom biology experiments and live dissection, even though modern alternatives have repeatedly been shown to teach students better, save teachers time, and save schools money.
Testing a drug on an animal, tells the scientist a great deal how the drug will react in the human body. Many animals replicate the human body pretty well, and through this they are able to see how the drug will react if it is placed into a human host. If we were to skip animal testing, and put medications straight to human trials, the human fatality rate, would be extremely high. Through animal testing, they are able to work out the kinks of the drugs, that way there is not a high human fatality rate when they enter the human trials.