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Untitled Prezi

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Zach Durchsprung

on 10 May 2013

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Drinking Age History - In 1933, the Twenty-first Amendment allowed states the freedom to legalize, regulate or prohibit alcohol however they wanted.

- The Federal Uniform Drinking Act was passed in 1984. States had to raise the minimum drinking age to 21. Laws - In 1970s most states lowered the drinking age to 18 when the Twenty-Sixth Amendment was passed.

- 1970-1976 during the Vietnam War, 29 states lowered the MLDA to 18.

- 1976-1984, 24 of the 29 states raised the MLDA back up to 21. Proponents MADD (Mothers Against Drunk Driving- Founded in 1980 and proposed strict measures to decrease drunk driving.

SADD (Students Against Drunk Driving)- they say the MLDA21 keeps teens alive.

Choose Responsibility- A non-profit organization founded in 2007. Proposed "21 Laws" - exceptions that would allow minors to drink in their home and private clubs. Binge Drinking Men & Women:
- The MLDA21 binge drinking has decreased, except on college campuses.
- Majority of binge drinkers are young men.
- Female binge drinking, age 20-23, has increased over the last 30 years.
- Binge drinking is having 5 or more drinks at any one time.

Teens:
- Drinkers age 12 to 17 are 7.6 times more likely to use illicit drugs.
- 51% of 12th graders, 40% of 10th graders, and 26% of 8th graders have consumed alcohol.

College:
- Alcohol use and misuse is an increasing problem on college campuses.
- Online technology doesn't require students to attend class. Traffic Accidents - Fatalities increased with a lower MLDA and decreased for ages 18 to 21 with a MLDA 21.

- Data shows questionable relationship between the MLDA and overall traffic fatalities. Health Physical:
- Moderate drinking may benefit heart health.

- Excessive drinking can cause many health issues.

- Early drinkers are 40-60% more likely to become alcoholics.

Social:
- Drinking is often used to feel friendlier and more acceptable in social situations.

- Excessive drinking can interfere with school, relationships, jobs, and goals. Drinking Abroad - The legal drinking age in many European countries is 16.

- Europeans are not pressured to drink in secret or excessively.

- Binge drinking is increasing across Europe.

- Americans think Europeans know how to drink in a relaxed and sophisticated way. MLDA (Minimum Legal Drinking Age) - Amethyst Initiative, formed college presidents in 2008, to rethink the MLDA21. .

- Some feel a lower MLDA will cut down on binge drinking and promote responsible drinking.

- Overall a higher MLDA saves lives, but has no relation to college binge drinking. Traffic Fatality Rate Correlation - Even with decrease in drunk driving accidents, there is a poor correlation between TFRs and the MLDA.

- Lower TFRs are a result of advancements in medical technology, safer car design, and better alcohol education.

- Data shows that MLDAs don't reduce traffic fatalities for the total population . Taxes - Suggest increasing tax on alcohol to decrease underage and adult excessive drinking.

- Suggest increasing tax on beer, the drink of choice of underage drinkers.

- Data shows states with highest alcohol taxes have half the binge drinkers of other states. Education - It's been proposed that an alcohol learner's permit be required like a driver's permit.

- More alcohol education is needed regarding legal limits, intoxication, and consequences.

- A college professor suggests teaching responsibility through service requirements to learn to become a responsible citizen. Service - A college professor suggests teaching responsibility through service requirements to learn to become a responsible citizen.

- Keeping students engaged in meaningful activities could have a positive influence on decreasing drinking. Business & Government - The National Traffic Safety Administration urges stronger use of ignition interlocks.

- Suggest abolishing the drinking age and installing mandatory ignition interlocks on all motor vehicles.

- Alcohol companies urged to cooperate with public health initiatives. - The debate over whether to lower the MLDA continues to be an important one, and starts with personal responsibility, and a healthy respect for alcohol.

- A unique idea might be to give teens a choice of driving and not drinking till 21 or drinking with parental consent at 18 and not driving till 21.
Should the drinking age be lowered and will it decrease juvenile drinking be lowered? Background Issues Solutions & Recommendations Works Cited "Introduction to Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered?: At Issue." Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered? Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2008. At Issue. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Sanghavi, Darshak. "The Legal Drinking Age Helps Prevent Alcohol-Related Deaths." Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered? Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2013. At Issue. Rpt. from "Quicker Liquor." Slate. 2008. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Huffman, Sara. "Lowering the Legal Drinking Age Will Not Curb College Binge Drinking." Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered? Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2013. At Issue. Rpt. from "Would Lowering Legal Drinking Age Curb College Binge-Drinking?" Consumer Affairs. 2010. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Sopher, Christopher. "Differences in Drinking Cultures Between US and European Youth Are Subtle." Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered? Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2013. At Issue. Rpt. from "How We Get Hammered: The European vs. U.S. Drinking Age." 2010. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Listfield, Emily. "Binge Drinking Is a Serious Problem for Underage Drinkers." Alcohol Abuse. Ed. Christine Watkins. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2012. At Issue. Rpt. from "The Underage Drinking Epidemic." www.Parade.com (12 June 2011). Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Satcher, David, et al. "The Alcohol Industry Can Help Combat Underage Alcohol Use." Gateway Drugs. Ed. Noël Merino. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2008. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "The Alcohol Industry's Choice." The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASA), 2003. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

"MLDA 21 Reduces Binge Drinking, with the Exception of College Students." Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered? Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2013. At Issue. Rpt. from "Higher Drinking Age Linked to Less Binge Drinking—Except in College Students." ScienceDaily. 2009. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Richards, John. "States Should Be Allowed to Experiment with the Legal Drinking Age." Should the Legal Drinking Age Be Lowered? Ed. Stefan Kiesbye. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2013. At Issue. Rpt. from "Should We Consider Lowering the Drinking Age?" 19 Apr. 2011. Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Main, Carla T. "The Minimum Legal Drinking Age Should Not Be Lowered." Teens at Risk. Ed. Stephen P. Thompson. Detroit, MI: Greenhaven Press, 2013. Opposing Viewpoints. Rpt. from "Underage Drinking and the Drinking Age." www.hoover.org 155 (1 June 2009). Opposing Viewpoints In Context. Web. 4 Mar. 2013.

Miron, Jeffrey A. and Elina Tetelbaum. "Does The Minimum Legal Drinking Age Save Lives?." Economic Inquiry 47.2 (2009): 317-336. OmniFile Full Text Mega (H.W. Wilson). Web. 5 Mar. 2013.

Ramsey Hill, LLP Attorneys & Counselors at Law. Jan, 21 2013, Web. May, 9 2013

The Reeves Law Group. June, 2 2011, Web. May 9, 2013
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