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The French Revolution
Transcript of The French Revolution
Marie Antoinette Event 4:
The Reign Of Terror What was the Storming of the Bastille?
The Bastille, also formally known as the Bastille Saint-Antoine, was stormed by the people of the third estate on July 14, 1789 demanding equality among the people of Paris. The people of the third estate were fed up with how the king was running the town so they decided to go against the king by tearing down the symbol of the kings absolute monarchy, the Bastille Saint-Antoine. Marie-Anne Charlotte de Corday d’Armont was born on the 27th of July 1768 and died on the 17th of July 1793. She was known as a figure of the French Revolution. She was the fourth child
of a noble family and was born in the village of Les Champeaux at a farm. By: Marvin B.
Clark B. Jean Paul Marat was born on May 24, 1743 and died July 13, 1793. He was a French Revolutionary Leader. When his mother had died he traveled and spent two years at Bordeaux to study medicine. He then moved to Paris where he used two of his favorite sciences, optics and electricity, to subdue a disease of the eyes. His life now is a big part of the French Revolution. Jean paul marat Bibliography Google.com,
http://www.rjgeib.com/thoughts/french/french.html http://www.bonjourlafrance.com/france-facts/france-history/french-revolution-up-to-the-storming-of-the-bastille.htm http://bastille-day.com/history/French-Revolution
http://www.historywiz.com/terror.htm Figure 2:
Charlotte Corday Event 3:
The Flight To Varennes Marie Antoinette was born November 2nd, 1755 in Austria. Francis Stephen I and Maria Theresa were her parents. They were Emperor and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire. Marie was a very beautiful young woman and she knew from a very young age that she was to marry royalty. On the 16th of May 1770, 15 year old Marie married 16 year old Prince Louis XVI of France who was to be King. The reasoning behind this marriage was to initiate the alliance made during the Seven Years War between France and Austria. On the night of June 19, 1791 King Louis XVI and his family attempted to flee from paris in order to start a counter-revolution. They wanted to go to a fortress in Montmedy. The escape was largely planned by a close friend of the family named Count Axel Von Ferson. The Family who were dressed in disguise fled in a carriage driven by Count Axel, unfortunately when they reached the small town of Varennes the national guards recognized the royal family and had them immediately arrested and escorted back to Paris. hi Event 1:
The Bread March In conclusion the main causes of the revolution were the lack of equality and recognition for the lower classes, the unfair tax payments and debt on the third estate. What happened?
The women marched their way to the City Hall because they weren't able to purchase bread for their families. One of the officers led the women to Versailles to protest to Louis XVI about the bread shortages. As the women marched 20 kilometers from Paris, their number grew. They were joined by more women, small numbers of men dressed as women. Once they reached Versailles they attacked the palace, killing some royal guards and demanding the king for bread. Why it happened?
It happened because of bread shortages. Back then, bread was the main source of food. So the supply of it was important, but scarce. During 1789, there was good harvest, but the grain still wasn't distributed effectively and equally. So on October 5, when the women of Paris went to purchase bread there was none available. This then led to chaos and violence. What led up to it?
After facing the crowd of angry mothers, the king ordered to have grain delivered to Paris. Also accepting conditions laid down by the Assembly in the Bill of Rights which required the terms of his veto power. The women and the National Assembly had won at the king's expense. The king and his family were told by the crowd to return to Paris with them. From this time the family was held captive at the Tuileries of Paris by the revolutionaries. It was clear to him that the revolutionaries were now in control. Who was involved?
-the angry women and men of Paris in the Third Estate.
-the Royal Family Who was involved?
The people who were mainly involved in the Storming of the Bastille were almost 25,000 people of the third estates townspeople and Marquis de Launay (the governor of the building). Marquis de Launay, was the son of the previous governor of the Bastille. He surrendered the Bastille over to the people and was soon executed. Event 2:
The Storming of Bastille FORMS OF NATIONALISM!: The French Flag/Song is a symbol of the people’s revolution against the king’s absolute monarchy. It symbolizes the sacrifices and troubles the French had to experience to fight for their freedom and equality. Why did they storm?
Most of the third estate stormed the Bastille because the government was corrupted, was close to bankruptcy, and had little to no food. Soon after they took over the Bastille, the third estates people tore the building brick by brick symbolizing that the king's power is no more. The storming took place in Paris, France in the morning of July 14 1789.
On the morning of 14th of July 1789, Paris erupted. A group, formed with craftsmen and salesmen, were determined to attack the Invalides fortress and armed themselves with 30,000 muskets, but they found no gunpowder. The group knew where to find gunpowder and that was the Bastille, an old fortress prison which had long been viewed as a symbol of the king’s absolute authority. Where & When did the storming happen? Jean-Paul Marat What did he do?
Marat became a journalist because other newspapers had published his points of views on the Revolution. He used the political events and the opening of the General Estates to express his disapproval of the regime. In September of 1789, he created his own newspaper called the “L’ami du Peuple” or “Friend of the People”. That was then used to attack enemies of the Revolution.
During the Storming of the Bastille, on July 14 1789 he stated that 5-6 hundred heads should be cut so that a new regime would be in order. This was done to eliminate anyone, near or far, that was related to the king. How did he die?
He was assassinated by Charlotte Corday. She went into his room while he was taking his bath and he was stabbed. On his tombstone this quotes was engraved, “Here sleeps Marat, the friend of the people who was killed by the enemies of the people on July 13th, 1793.” Figure 1:
Jean-Paul Marat Charlotte Corday was considered as a figure of the French Revolution, because of the event that happened that lead to her grueling death, the murder of Jean-Paul Marat. On July 9th, 1793, Charlotte left her cousins house and migrated to Paris where she stayed at the Hotel de Providence, there, she wrote a letter titled “Speech to the French who are Friends of Law and Peace” in which she explained the act she was about to commit. As the revolution grew more violent, Charlotte became more Republican. She wanted to stop Jean-Paul Marat of the publishing of his journals to the people. During 1793, Charlotte left her cousins house and migrated to Paris where she stayed at the Hotel de Providence. On July 13, she gained access to meet Marat by promising to betray the Caen Girondists, but instead pulled a knife from her bosom and plunged it in his chest; she waited until the guards came to arrest her. After the murder of Jean-Paul Marat, 4 days later, she was executed under the guillotine. She believed that Marat’s newspapers were going too far and was threatening the Republic, so she believed that his death would cease the violence throughout the nation, but instead invoked to justify increasing the Terror, which was the opposite of what she hoped for. Marie was known as " Madame Deficit" because of her lavish spending on clothes, jewels, shoes, wigs, etc. People of France were not very fond of this being as the country was in a great debt. Her reputation was still not the best being as it took so long to have a child. French citizens really did not like Marie and wanted her killed just like they wanted the king killed. After King Louis XVI was executed Marie and her children were put into the Temple prison where they would wait for their trial. On the 16th of October in 1763, nine months after Louis had been killed, Marie was put on trial. She was convicted of Treason just like Louis had been and she was executed by the same guillotine that killed her very own husband. After the death of King Louis XVI, The Reign of Terror began. The Reign of Terror was a period that occurred during the 5th of September and ended on 28th of July, where violence occurred throughout the France killing more than 10,000 people under the guillotine (National Razor), who were supposedly "Enemies of the Revolution". The Guillotine was a device created by Doctor Joseph-Ignace Guillotine, to humiliate its victims by decapitating their heads. During the French Revolution, it was a symbol of the peoples revolution against the king and his followers. The Guilotine During the Terror, the rivalry between the Jacobins and the Girondins grew as time went on. They grew hatred for each other and soon after started accusing one another resulting in killing hundreds of members from both sides. The Terror was made to fight and stop the enemies of the revolution. It was a time where people were too scared to go outside because the simplest of things, like calling a person the wrong name, could result into a grueling death. THANKS FOR WATCHING :)