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Chile in the Cold War

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Sydney Crews

on 6 March 2014

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Transcript of Chile in the Cold War

Chile during the Cold War
Lauren Strickland, Lili Gregorie, and Sydney Crews
Significant Chileans

Salvador Allende-
A Marxist Chilean who ran for president three times, and was finally successful in 1970.
The U.S. disliked him Allende was running on a socialist/communist platform, and sent millions to his political opponents.
The CIA worked towards overthrowing Allende in a coup.
In September 1973, Chilean army tanks invaded the streets.
He was murdered or committed suicide on September 11th, 1973.
Supporters of the Popular Unity were herded into the Santiago soccer stadium, where they were murdered and tortured.
René Schneider
Commander and Chief of the Chilean military.
U.S. began to talk to those in the military about a coup.
He believed that the military's only job was to follow Chile's Constitution and protect Chile.
In October of 1970, during a kidnapping plot planned by Roberto Viaux, he is shot and killed.

US Influence
USSR Influence
Chile and Soviet Union first developed relations on December 11th, 1944.
Because of alliance with U.S, Chile halted all relations with the Soviet Union.
ended economic relations, and outlawed and persecuted Communist parties.
After U.S. cut aid, Allende traveled to the Soviet Union in December 1972, hoping to make deals with Leonid Brezhnev. Visit was not a success at first.
In 1973 USSR promised $122 million dollars, but only given $63 million in 1973.
Relations with the Soviets were again cut on 22 September 1973 after coup d'etat, not restored until 11 March 1990.
Current Events
September 15, 1970. President Nixon said that he wanted to take Allende out of Chilean government since he was becoming too popular. Wanted to create a coup d'etat amongst the people.
"belated and confused" - Henry Kessinger. Secretary of State
Chilean economy suffered in 1972, and the Nixon Administration cut aids to Chile. Loss of money and pay caused an uprising in the people.
September 1973 - Chilean coup d'etat was one of the bloodiest in in Latin American history.
"U.S did not instigate coup, but was aware of coup-planning by military".
"A line in the sea". The Economist. The Economist, 1 February 2014. Web. 3 March 2014.
"Augusto Pinochet". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online.
Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2014. Web. 03 Mar. 2014
"Augusto Pinochet." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 03 Feb. 2014. Web. 03 Mar. 2014
"Chile, from Democracy to Dictatorship." Chile, to the Overthrow of Allende in 1973. N.p.,
12 June 2010. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.
"Chileans pelt each other with tomatoes". The Telograph.Telograph media group, 17 February 2014. Web. 3 March 2014.
"Chile–Russia Relations." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 27 Feb. 2014. Web. 05 Mar. 2014.
"Coup D'etant in Chile " Cold War Museum, 8 June 2008. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.
Cs, William. "Allende and Pinochet in Chile | The Cold War | Khan Academy." Khan Academy. Khan Academy, 9 May 2011. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.
"Michelle Bachelet returns to office in Chile after emphatic presidential run-off victory". The Telegraph. Telegraph media group, 16 December 2013. Web. 3 February 2014.
"The Cold War Chile". The Cold War. Wordpress, 10 April 2013. Web. 3 March 2014.
"Unidad Popular." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 22 Feb. 2014. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.
Wolfe, Lisa Reynolds. "COLD WAR CHILE." The Cold War RSS. N.p., 10 Apr. 2013. Web. 03 Mar. 2014.

Significant Chileans
Roberto Viaux-
A former General in the Chilean military who was anti-Schneider and anti-Allende.
Believed the military should be actively overthrowing dictators.
It is suspected that he began to work with the CIA, however they backed out when they reliezed his extremist views.
He plotted against Shneider, and his men killed Shneider.
Augusto Pinochet-
President of the military junta that overthrew Allende. 1973-1990
Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army from 1973 to 1998.
Did not support a democracy.
U.S. (Nixon) supports Pinochet.
Unfortunately, he was a tyrant.
1,200 and 3,200 people were killed, up to 80,000 people were imprisoned, and as many as 30,000 were tortured during the time Pinochet was in government.
Surprisingly, Chilean economy did well during his regime.
"A line in the sea"
"Michelle Bachelet returns to office in Chile after emphatic presidential run-off victory"
"Chileans pelt each other with tomatoes"
- "road to socialism", 1970
- Bureaucratic-authoritarian regime
- progress
-socialism vs. communism
conflict sense the cold war
- handled better now
- more freedom than during cold war struggles.
- happy experience that celebrates farmer's products.
- capitalism
Works Cited
Full transcript