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Old/New Stone Age
Transcript of Old/New Stone Age
Old Stone Age - Paleolithic.
New Stone Age - Neolithic.
(New Stone Age)
Preview of early humans
Terms to know!
Fossils - are a part or imprint of something that was once alive.
Artifacts - are objects that are made by and used by humans.
Prehistory - period of time before there was writing.
- The first part of the Stone Age is called the Paleolithic Age, or Old Stone Age.
- The first tools used were made by stones.
- Scientists have found the oldest tools in Tanzania.
These Sharpened stones, about the size of an adult's fist, are about 2.6 million years old.
- Each stone had been struck with another rock to create a sharp and jagged edge along one side.
- The first tools were mostly used to process food because the sharp edge could cut, chop roots, bones, or meat.
- Over time people learned to make better tools.
- For example they developed the hand ax. They made this tool out of a mineral called flint.
- Flint is easy to shape, and tools made from it can be very sharp.
- People used hand axes to break tree limbs, to dig, and to cut animal hides. Also people learned to attach wooden handles to the tools.
- They invented the spear because it could be thrown, hunters no longer had to stand close to animals they were hunting.
- They could now hunt larger animals like deer, horses, bison, and mammoths.
- Hunting became less dangerous
- He lived about 5300 years ago and the was discovered in the Italy in 1991.
- After he died his body was covered by glaciers and preserved for thousands of years.
- He is important because he is the oldest mummified human ever found in such good condition.
- His body. clothing, and tools were extremely well preserved, telling us a lot about life during the Stone Ages.
- His outfit was made of out animal skin and he wore
leather shoes padded with grass, a grass cape, a fur hat, and a sort of backpack. Also he carried an ax with a blade as well as a bow and arrows.
Early Hand Tools
Hello Ice Man
- Lived in small groups
- During bad weather they would take shelter in caves.
- When food and water became scarce, what did they do?
- They were nomads
- They were known as hunter-gatherers
- They would hunt the animals and gather wild plants, seeds, and fruits to survive. This is the only way they were able to eat.
- What if you had to hunt and gather your own food? How would life be different for you?
- They hunted in groups for safety.
- They often chased herds of animals off of cliffs.
Language, Art, and Religion
- Language was most important development of early Stone Age Culture.
- Language made it easier for people to resolve issues
- Distributing food
- They also created art to express themselves.
- People carved figures out of stone, ivory, and bone.
- They painted and carved images of people and animals in cave walls.
- Scientist do not know much about the religion during this time, but do believe existed.
- Evidence comes from grave sites of people being buried with artifacts and food.
Cave Art 15,000-16,000 B.C. France
Words to Know!
Domestication - the process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful for humans.
Agriculture - domestication of plants. People could now produce their own food.
Megaliths - huge stones used as monuments. Used for religious gatherings.
Intro to Neolithic Era
- After the Middle Stone Age came a period of time that scientists call the Neolithic Era which is the New Stone Age.
- During this Age, people learned to polish stones to make tools like saws and drills. Also they learned how to make fire. FINALLY!!!!
Plants and Animals
- Warmer weather brought an end to the ice ages.
- New plants began to grow in some areas.
- Over time, people came to depend on these wild plants for food and they began to settle where grains grew.
- People soon learned that they could plant seeds themselves to grow their own crops. They planted only the largest grains or the sweetest fruits.
- The process of changing plants or animals to make them more useful to humans is called domestication.
-The domestication of plants led to the development of agriculture, or farming.
- The hunters didn't have to follow wild herds anymore. Instead, farmers could keep sheep or goats for milk, food, and wool.
- They could use large animals like cattle to carry loads or to pull large tools used in farming. (Its a whole NEW WORLD!!!!!)
- The Neolithic Revolution brought huge changes to people's lives.
- People could now focus on activities other than finding the foods.
- Domestication of plants and animals enabled people to use plant fibers to make cloth.
- Also people began to build permanent settlements.
- Once people were able to control their own food production, the world's population grew.
- As populations grew, groups of people gathered to perform religious ceremonies.
- Some put up megaliths. Megaliths are huge stones used as monuments.
- Early people believed in gods and goddesses. Some scholars prayed to their ancestors. People in some societies today still hold many of these same beliefs.
- As less time was spent on hunting and gathering more time was spent on enjoying life.
The neolithic tribe invented new technology that help us nowadays, without fire we would not be able to make technologies, shelter, and clothing.
Fire also helps out with other things we could not do in the past. For example, people use fire to cook food, to heat their houses in cold climates, to make more weapons for warfare, and to scare predators away.
Domesticating animals was one of the smartest innovations during the Neolithic Era. Animals helped out like a new pair of hands and decreased the workload for humans.
Look at the difference!
With all the new changes in life the Neolithic people had a lot more time on their hands. This would allow for more leisure activities. If you no longer had to hunt and gather as much, what would you do with your spare time?
A whole new world!
Students will understand that prehistoric people learned to adapt to their environment to make simple tools, to use fire, and to use language by completing this presentation, through discussion, and exit questions.
Students will understand how humans' way of living changed as they interacted and adapted.
EXIT QUESTIONS - Stick it
1. Name one tool from the old stone age.
2. Where was the Ice man discovered?
3. Why was the discovery of fire important?
4. What was the main difference between Old/New stone age people?
5. On scale of 1-4 where do you feel you are at in regards to understanding this lesson?