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Copy of Power Plants in Sudan

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by

Mohamed A.Satti

on 23 December 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Power Plants in Sudan

INTRODUCTION
Off-Grid
Power
Plants

Image by Tom Mooring
POWER GENERATION IN SUGAR INDUSTRY
Power Plants in
Sudan

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
1908

1925


1956


1962


1982



2009




2010



2012

MAINTENANCE MANAGERS OF SOME SUDANESE POWER PLANTS
The Ministry
Of Water Resources And Electricity
The Ministry of Water Resources and electricity supervises the following units in the field of electricity and dams:

Marawi Dam Electricity Company.
Sudanese Hydro Generation Company Ltd.
Sudanese Thermal Power Generating Co. Ltd.
Sudanese Electricity Transmission Co. Ltd.
Sudanese Electricity Distribution Co. Ltd.
Electricity Regulatory Authority.
Dams Implementation Unit.

These units are responsible of generating and supplying power to the different sectors in Sudan including industrial, agricultural, residential and governmental

Electricity industry started in Sudan
Establishing the Sudanese Light And Energy Company
Establishing the first steam power plant in Burri
Establishing the first hydroelectric power station in Sinnar
Electricity and water services were separated, establishing the National Electricity Corporation
The power generation design capacity of on-grid plants reached 1238.6 MW and the off-grid power stations reached 151.6 MW
The Ministry of Electricity and Dams (MED) was established replacing the National Electricity Corporation
The Ministry of Water Resources and electricity was established

Some industries generate electrical power independently from the national power grid to cover their power consumption. The main industries having their own power plants

Sugar \industry
Oil & Gas \industry
Diesel Engine Power Plants
Hydroelectric Power Plants
Steam Power Plants
Phase (I)
COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANTS
GAS TURBINE POWER PLANTS
On- Grid Power Plants


It started with (2) steam turbines producing (1) MW per turbine. Then another (4) diesel engines are added producing (5) MW per unit. This power plant stopped working due to its obsolete technology.

OLD BURRI POWER PLANT

NEW BURRI POWER PLANT
This power plant stopped working due to a huge fire accident in 2003.

SINNAR POWER PLANT

KHASHM ALGIRBA
POWER PLANT


ALDAMAZEN (ALROSEIRIS)
POWER PLANT


MARAWI
POWER PLANT

JABEL AWLIYA
POWER PLANT


Phase (II)
Phase (III)
KOSTI POWER
PLANT
This power plant is designed to work with crude oil supplied from Petrodar Petroleum Operating Company, but due to political problems, it’s operating now using furnace instead of crude oil.
GARRI POWER PLANT
Block (I & II): Each one of them is composed of (4) gas turbines producing (35) MW per unit. These gas turbines feed (2) steam turbines producing (30) MW per unit.
Block (III) is empty.
Block (IV)

BURRI POWER PLANT
KOKO POWER PLANT
ALFASHIR OLD POWER PLANT
ALFASHIR NEW
POWER PLANT
NYALA
POWER
PLANT
ALDHAIN
POWER PLANT
PORTSUDAN
& ELOBEID
POWER PLANTS
KADOGLY
& WADI HALFA
POWER PLANTS
ALGINENA
POWER PLANT
ALNOHOOD
POWER PLANT
FUEL AND LUBRICANT OIL SEPARATORS SUPPLIERS
GEA Westfalia Separator
Group GmbH
Alfa Laval AB
Sugar industry in Sudan is concentrated in three companies as follows:
1) Kenana Sugar Company (KSC).
2) White Nile Sugar Company.
3) Sudanese Sugar Company (SSC) consisting of the following factories:
a) Guneid sugar factory
b) New Halfa sugar factory
c) Sennar sugar factory
d) Assalaya sugar factory

KENANA SUGAR COMPANY
According to the availability of information, Kenana Sugar Company will be taken as a sample of a Self – Power Generating Company which is independent from the national On and Off-Grid power plants in Sudan.
Kenana sugar factory depends on steam in power generation. It consists of two types of turbo-generators (turbines):

1) Back pressure turbines:





2) Condensing turbines:



Generators are manufactured by NISHISHIBA ELECTRIC CO., LTD.

Boilers are manufactured by TAKOMA PARK, MD.
Sugar industry in Sudan can be considered as a closed industry regarding supply; maintenance services and spare parts of all the factory units specially power generation units. The majority of the units and equipments are supplied by Japanese manufacturers who also provide spare parts and major maintenance services when required. Routine and preventive maintenance are performed locally according to the manufacturer maintenance schedule.
POWER GENERATION
IN OIL & GAS INDUSTRY
Oil and Gas industry can also be considered as an independent industry in generating electrical power to cover the consumption of all the facilities in the different oil fields.
There are five oil & gas operating companies in Sudan which are considered as owners of different oil & gas producing blocks all over the country. These companies are:
1) Petro-Energy E&P Co. Ltd (PE)
2) Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC)
3) Petrodar Operating Company (PDOC)
4) White Nile Petroleum Operating Company (WNPOC)
5) Staroil Operating Co. Ltd (SOPCO)
Each one of the above companies is responsible of the field development of the oil reserves and operating oil production facilities in its Blocks. Each company has production and processing facilities which process and treat crude oil for the separation of oil, water and gas to the required specification, and then the crude oil is pumped to the marine terminal for exportation. Each production and processing facility has its own power plant to cover its power consumption using Diesel or crude oil as a fuel for the generating engines.
UPSTREAM POWER
PLANTS
1) Heglig Power Plant



2) Neem Power Plant



3) Mobile Power Units

GREATER NILE PETROLEUM OPERATING COMPANY (GNPOC)
DOWNSTREAM POWER STATIONS
Greater Nile Oil Pipeline consists of (6) pump stations, each one of them has a small power station with the following details:
PETRO-ENERGY E&P CO. LTD (PE)
CENTRAL POWER PLANT AT FULA CPF
MOBILE POWER UNITS
MAINTENANCE AND
SPARE PARTS SUPPLY SERVICES
Each operating company In the oil and gas sector have a short list of suppliers for (spare parts/services …etc) the operating companies – through their procurement departments – used to invite qualified firms from its short list to bid for the respective service needed (spare parts supply/ maintenance …etc).
Each of the operating companies welcomes and encourages new vendors and services suppliers to show their interest and follow the prequalification procedures – mentioned in the company website - to be short listed and be eligible for bidding.

Most of the internal combustion engines in the oil and gas sector were supplied by either Wartsila or ALLEN DIESELS
At the early beginning of oil & gas production in Sudan, internal combustion engines supply contracts included both maintenance and spare parts supply services performed by the supply company personnel plus some Sudanese engineers and technicians working under their supervision
Later on, a contract signed with ALLEN DIESELS for providing maintenance services for the upstream and downstream facilities while providing spare parts through DAL GROUP Co. Ltd (ALLEN DIESELS agent in Sudan)
Few years later, another contract was signed with PETROFAC Limited also for providing maintenance services for the upstream and downstream facilities while the spare parts are supplied with a separate contract, stocked and then provided to PETROFAC whenever needed
Another Few years later, the level of maintenance services contracts reached only the supervision services level while all the maintenance activities are performed by Sudanese Staff under the supervision of an expert of the supply company
Wartsila diesel engines maintenance services and spare parts are provided by Wartsila itself.
BAHRI POWER PLANT
Full transcript