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Sociology

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Apple Mae Villaruel

on 23 July 2014

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Transcript of Sociology

SOCIOLOGY AS A HUMANISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINE
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Description and Nature of Sociology
Essential Characteristics of Sociology
Areas of Sociology
ETYMOLOGY
* Derived from the French word, sociologie, a hybrid coined in 1830 by French philosopher Isidore Auguste Comte (1798-1857), from the Latin: socius, meaning "companion"; and the suffix -ology, meaning "the study of", from the Greek logos, "knowledge". The English word, sociology, appeared in 1843.

* so.ci.ol.o.gy
Nature of Sociology
Sociology is an independent science
Sociology is the social science and not a physical science
Sociology is the categorical and not a normative discipline
Sociology is the pure science and not an applied science
Sociology is the relatively an abstract science and not a concrete science
Sociology is the generalizing and not a particularizing or individualizing science
Sociology is the general science not a special science
Sociology is both rational and an empirical science
Sociology is an independent science
Social Science
Physical Science
Sociology is a social science and not a physical science
Categorical
Normative Discipline
Sociology is a categorical science and not a normative science
Applied Science
Pure Science
Sociology is a pure science and not an applied science
Sociology is relatively an abstract science and not a concrete science
Abstract Science
Concrete Science
Sociology is a generalizing and not a particularizing or individualizing science
Particularizing
Individualizing
Generalizing
Sociology is a general science and not a special science
General Science
Special Science
Sociology is both rational and empirical science
Rational
Empirical
Importance of Sociology
Sociology makes a scientific study of society.
Sociology studies role of the institutions in the development of the individuals.
Study of sociology is indispensable for understanding and planning of society.
Sociology is of great importance in the solution of social problems.
Sociology haw drawn our attention to the intrinsic worth and dignity of man.
Sociology has changed our outlook the regard to the problems of crime, etc.
Sociology has made great contribution to enrich human culture.
Sociology is of great importance in the solution of international problems.
The value of sociology lies in the fact that it keeps us update on modern situation.s
Social organization
 is the study of the various institutions, social groups, social stratification, social mobility, bureaucracy, ethnic groups and relations, and other similar subjects such as education, politics, religion, economy and so forth.
Social psychology
 is the study of human nature as an outcome of group life, social attitudes, collective behavior, and personality formation. It deals with group life and the individual's traits, attitudes, beliefs as influenced by group life, and it views man with reference to group life.
Social change and disorganization
 is the study of the change in culture and social relations and the disruption that may occur in society, and it deals with the study of such current problems in society such as juvenile delinquency, criminality, drug addiction, family conflicts, divorce, population problems, and other similar subjects.
Human ecology
 deals with the nature and behavior of a given population and its relationships to the group's present social institutions. For instance, studies of this kind have shown the prevalence of mental illness, criminality, delinquencies, prostitution, and drug addiction in urban centers and other highly developed places.
Population or demography
 is the study of population number, composition, change, and quality as they influence the economic, political, and social system.
Sociological theory and method
 is concerned with the applicability and usefulness of the principles and theories of group life as bases for the regulation of man's environment, and includes theory building and testing as bases for the prediction and control of man's social environment.
Applied sociology
 utilizes the findings of pure sociological research in various fields such as criminology, social work, community development, education, industrial relations, marriage, ethnic relations, family counseling, and other aspects and problems of daily life.
Pioneers Forerunners of Sociology
Classical Writers of Sociology
Relationship of Sociology to Other Sciences
Careers in Sociology
Occupations of Sociology Graduates
Clerical and Secretarial
Management and Administration
Associate Professional and Technical Occupations
Personal Services
Sales
Professional Occupations
Jobs Where a Sociology Degree may be Useful
Community worker
Housing manager
Information scientist
Journalist
Lecturer
Police manager
Police constable
Probation officer
Public sector and administration
Social researcher
Social worker
Welfare advice worker
Sociology and History
Both sociology and history are concerned with social events.
Sociology and Political Science
Political science can be regarded as a branch of sociology.
Sociology and Economics
Every society is influenced by economic factors whereas all the economic activities or processes are determined by the existing social environment.
It is believed that sociology and psychology are closely relates as there is no meaning of sociology without psychology and vice-versa.
Sociology and Psychology
Sociology and Biology
Sociology is the study of society including human evolution.
Sociology and Anthropology
The two sciences are twin sisters.
THANK YOU!
Group 1
Jeam Patrick Rodillo
Apple Mae Villaruel
Ernesto Sicalbo Jr.
Fercille Angel Pulgo
Auguste Comte 91798-1857)
- he is the Father of Sociology

- he was credited for formulating the term SOCIOLOGY (Socius = society, and Logos = knowledge)

- sociology was referred to him as "social physics"

- considered Sociology as "Queen of the Sciences"

- advocated the idea of "positivism" or the use of empirical investigation and social phenomenon
Harriet Martineau
(1802-1876)
- Martineau wrote 35 books and a multitude of essays from a sociological, holistic, religious, domestic, and perhaps most controversial, a feminine perspective.

- she also translated various works from Comte

- Martineau has said of her approach: "when one studies a society, one must focus on all its aspects, including key political, religious and social institutions.

- she believed a thorough societal analysis was necessary to understand women's status.
Herber Spencer
(1820-1903)
- compared society to human organism (as a structure that functioned interdependently to maintain existence)

- believed that social change is the result of evolutionary laws. Social Darwinism (conflict is inevitable and productive)
- his role for sociologists was to discover laws of human evolution to prevent interference with those laws

- major focus on sociology should be social evolution rather than the suggestion and implementation of strategies for social improvement.
Emile Durkheim
(1858-1917)
- influenced by Comte

- introduced the concept of solidarity - that is, a kind of social integration as the glue necessary to make society function. When this glue, or solidarity, is lacking, human beings no longer feel a sense of belonging (anomie)

- Durkheim wrote a book entitled "Suicide", in which he studied the causes underlying the decision to take one's own life.
Karl Marx
(1818-1883)
- believed that the misery and exploitation of the working lower classes in society was caused by capitalism the existing industrial order

- questioned industrial development as capitalists (bourgeoisie) exploited laborers (proletariat)

- the proletariat become alienated from themselves due to their exploitation, thus, this alienation prevented them from reaching their potential

- "Class Conscious" members of proletariat would revolt, hence, classes were identified as central forces in history
Max Weber
(1864-1920)
- new social order was based upon Formal Rationality wherein all actions of circumscribed by rules that were abstract and formal

- in other words, bureaucracy and restriction on human freedom and creativity

- focused on subjective meanings (values and attitudes placed on life situations) - Symbolic Interactionism

-believed in the independent force of ideas
Georg Simmel
(1858-1918)
- his neo-Kartian approach laid the foundations for sociological antipositivism, presenting pioneering analyses of social individuality and fragmentation

- recognized, designated and analyzed the impact of social differentiation, expansion of social groups, structure of the economy and other developmental and environmental influences in the development of the human personality
Walter Bendix Schönflies Benjamin
(15 July 1892 – 26 September 1940)

* He was a German literary critic, philosopher, social critic, translator, radio broadcaster and essayist.

* He combined ideas drawn from historical materialism, German idealism, and Jewish mysticism in a body of work which was a novel contribution to western philosophy, Marxism, and aesthetic theory.
(23 March 1876 – 25 October 1924)

* He was a Turkish sociologist, writer, poet, and political activist.

* He believed that a nation must have a "shared consciousness" in order to survive.
Ziya Gökalp (born Mehmed Ziya)
(February 5, 1928 – May 29, 2013)

* He was an Irish-American Roman Catholic priest, sociologist, journalist and popular novelist.
Andrew M. Greely
(1903–1990)

* She was a prominent author, feminist, social worker, and professor in Bombay, India.
Dr. Chandrakala Anandrao Hate, M.A., Ph.D.
(12 June 1802 – 27 June 1876)

* She was an English social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist.

* She is a neglected founder of sociology, but that she is important today.
Harriet Martineau
(October 1, 1917 — January 12, 1999)

* He was an American urbanist, organizational analyst, journalist and people-watcher.

* He turned his attention to the study of human behaviour in urban settings.
William Hollingsworth "Holly" Whyte
(23 November 1933–1977)

* he was an Iranian revolutionary and sociologist.

* He focused on the sociology of religion.
Ali Shariati
(31 August 1921 – 26 January 1988)

* He was a Welsh academic, novelist and critic.

* A committed socialist, he was greatly interested in the relationships between language, literature, and society and published many books, essays and articles on these and other issues.
Raymond Henry Williams
(25 July 1905 – 14 August 1994)

* He was a Bulgarian-born Swiss and British modernist novelist, playwright, memoirist, and non-fiction writer.

* He is known chiefly for his works such as for Crowds and Power.
Elias Canetti
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