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Site Analysis to Pulau Jerejak

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Ang MinQi

on 31 March 2015

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Transcript of Site Analysis to Pulau Jerejak

And finally, to complete the catalog, Pulau Jerejak was also used as a
Part of the island was made a
health quarantine center for immigrants at the eastern and northern parts of the island.
The 362 hectares island located off the southeastern tip of Penang, Malaysia is called Jerejak Island.
In the 19th century, the British colonial government used it as a place to accept and treat leprosy patients.
Around the 20th century to the 1980s, the place began to accommodate the exile prisoners.
In the late 1990s, leprosy patients and prisoners were evacuated from the island,
Now Jerejak Island is a base for ship manufacturing and has also been transformed into a tourist destination.
History
CONTENTS
2.SITE SURVEY
3.CLIMATE
4.NEIGHBORING CONTEXT
5.CIRCULATION
6.LANDSCAPE
7.VIEWS
8.S.W.O.T
The name Pulau Jerejak,
was given by fisherman who lived on the island.
long before it gained its status as
the Alcatraz of Malaysia,
because of the Jerejak Prison.
Founder of Penang,
Francis Light arrived in Pulau Jerejak before heading on to Penang.
1786
Colonel Arthur Wellesly of Wellington, England proposed to make the island as an alternative base to Fort Cornwallis and to provide protection for Jamestown (Bayan Lepas)
Outbreak of Malaria
The outbreak result of clearing the jungle
This plan did not materialize as George Town emerged to become a profitable port and it soon became unnecessary to establish Jamestown or have a military facility in that location.
Later on...
Expanded and becoming the location center of leprosy for the Straits Settlement
Leper asylum was completed
Starting to operate leper asylum
Closed
1868
Leprosy case in Pulau Jerejak
1871
1880 - 1930s
1960s
Earlier in 1794
inmates were transferred to Sungai Buloh Leper Settlement/Leprosarium
1875
Site Analysis of Pulau Jerejak
Ceremonial cemetery dedicated to the Russian soldiers still remains on the island. However, no records of actual bodies were buried at the site.
World War I
Immigrants were sent to Jerejak's
health inspection center as a precautionary step before they were allowed to proceed to Penang.
Late 1930's
British Empire built a hospital for patients with Tuberculosis which can accomodate 150 patients at one time.
It is located at Eastern part of the island
There was an increase in the number of tuberculosis patients and a sanatorium was set up for victims.
After World War II
Jerejak Rehabilitation Centre began operating.
First batch detained during 13th May 1969 race riots. Later arrivals included hardcore criminals and those in the "narcotics industry".
12 June 1969
January 1988
May 1988
Oh yes, seven did. The escapees worked outside the prison area. The first escape was in January 1988 which involved four inmates. Four months later, three more fled. Their escape routes remain a mystery till today.
Did any inmates escape?
Quarantine Centre
Leper Asylum
Military Post
As a result of Francis Light's earlier ruling whereby immigrants were allowed to claim whatever land they could clear, Penang became flooded with immigrants.
It is believed, but not confirmed, that Pulau Jerejak was used by the Germans as a submarine base
28 October 1914
1868 - 1960s
Site Survey
Climate
Neighbouring context
Circulation
Two crew members of the Imperial Russian Navy who died when their cruiser Zhemtschug was sunk by the cruiser SMS Emden of the Kaiserliche Marine in the Battle of Penang on 28 October 1914.
Timeline
Penal Colony
August 1993
_
A sudden outbreak of Malaria caused for a delay in plans, claiming many lives, including Francis Light himself
The Jerejak Rehabilitation Centre was rampaged
About 100 inmates rioted rampaged in the prison, destroying several buildings. The riot was caused by dissatisfaction over decision to lengthen the service period of inmates.
The leprosy patients were given ultimate freedom on the island. They are free to continue their lives like average people with the exception of having to wear a bell around their necks. Upon hearing the ringing of the bells, ordinary civilians will flee in fear of contracting leprosy themselves. Children of leper patients are taken away sent to Penang Island as a precautionary act. The only way of reconciliation is to recover from leprosy.
Internal riot incident in 1981,
In the following years,an upsurge in drug related convictions led to the highest number of detainees in Jerejak, 982 to be exact.

As a security measure, fisherman from nearby islands were given strict instructions to keep a distance of 200 metres from the beach area of Jerejak.
900 detainees were transferred to prisons in Johor. The first transfer involved 100 detainees whom were sent to Muar Prison, Johor. The following transfers were in groups of about 60 detainees and were all stationed at the Simpang Ranggam Prison, Johor.

The last group left on 13 August 1993.
Caused of closing down the prison
2000
Plans to turn Pulau Jerejak into an eco-tourism destination began,

Department of Environment approved the Environmental Impact Assessment on the island,

On January 17, 2004, Pulau Jerejak Resort & Spa opens for business.
All unbecoming structures of the colony were swept away, and the only possible remain from that unsightly era was a well
Bunkers
15 feet wide
30 feet length
30 feet depth
Store water for passing ships

British army used to store ammunition
Functions
Changes of the Site from 2001 t0 2012
2001
2003
2005
2008
2010
2012
Landscape
Activities
S.W.O.T
Ang Min Qi 0302123
Eunice Quah Xuet-Wyne 0302968
Lim Pei Xuan 0303862
Tan Woan Tyng 0312725
Tong Yaow Ning 0303971

Group Members Student ID
Types of Transportation
5 minutes ferry ride

 Jerejak Strait
Penang Island Jerejak Jetty

 Jerejak Resort Jetty
In addition to the regular ferries, speed boats are also used to ferry passengers across the Jerejak Strait.
PrisonTrail
Dipterocrap Trail
Hill Trail
Razak Ridge Trail
Balqis Bike Trail
Penang Island Jerejak Jetty
It starts from the resort to the other side of island.
The length of trail: 2400 m
Estimated time taken: 1 hour 45 minutes
Difficulty : Moderate
The route towards the prison site is scenic with the view of Penang Island on the left and hills of Jerejak on the right.
The length of trail: 3000 m
Estimated time taken: 2 hour
Difficulty : Moderate
It is the continuation walking trail from Hill Trail which leads to Balqis Trail.
The length of trail: 1549 m
Estimated time taken: 1 hour 15 minutes
Difficulty : Moderate
It is the shortest trail on the island but it goes up a steep hill which reaches 693 feet above sea level.
The length of trail: 703 m
Estimated time taken: 1 hour 15 minutes
Difficulty : High
Trails of Pulau Jerejak
It starts from the resort’s beach going uphill of about 375feet above sea level.
The length of trail: 1853 m
Estimated time taken: 1 hour 20 minutes
Difficulty : Moderate
Circulation


Main transportation to connect Jerejak Island and Penang Island. Transport visitors and local residents as well as goods and vehicles


Transported by the ferry to jetties of Jerejak. Currently the old jetty is not functioning anymore. However, the abundant tractors found around the site proved its existence. For the resorts worker, they using small vehicles to transport their passengers.


Mostly visitors to Jerejak Island to discover the historical sites along the path. Some paths can choose to take a bike depends on the road condition.

Ferries and Boats
Tractors and vehicles
Walking and Bikes
Proposed Circulation 1
Proposed Circulation 2
Current Circulation
Site Plan
Location Plan
Site Contour
SITE SURVEY
Key Plan

Pitch Roof

Enables water to run off easily.

Prevents the accumulation of water.

High Ceilings with Ridge Ventilation

- Provides better ventilation to combat weather









Large overhang

- Provides shading from extreme weathers
Ample openings

Allows natural ventilation

Receives a lot of natural lighting.






Open Plan

Allows maximum usage
of the space


Naturally ventilated and lighted
Very windy (close to coastline)
Compacted soil enables faster development


Prone to rubbish being collected at the shoreline
Abandoned development (reservoir)
(reason : no settlement on the island, no mountain)


Ample space for development


Top soil may be loose
Tsunami threats

SWOT Analysis
Threats
Strength
Weakness
Opportunities
View to the old jetty
View from the site
Scene of mountains
before going into the detention centre
Commercial building that had been vandalized
Views
N
N
N
Wind-speed and Magnitude from 8th October to 10th October of Pulau Jerejak
Wind-speed and Magnitude average from January to December of Pulau Jerejak
SunPath Diagram
Monthly Average of Wind-speed in Pulau Jerejak
is the hottest month in Penang. Throughout the month of March daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around 33°C ( 91.4°F ). compared to an typical value of 32°C.

is the coldest month, with an average low temperature of 23°C ( 73.4°F ), compared to an typical value of 25°C.

Monthly Average Temperature of Pulau Jerejak
July

When reading the graph, keep in mind that the hottest part of the day tends to be the least humid, so the daily low ( purple ) traces are more relevant for understanding daytime comfort than the daily high ( olivine ) traces, which typically occur during the night. Applying that observation, the least humid month of the last 12 months was with an average daily low humidity of 69%, and the most humid month was with an average daily low humidity of 76%.

October
February
Monthly Average Humidity of Pulau Jerejak
Humidity is an important factor in determining how weather conditions feel to a person experiencing them. Hot and humid days feel even hotter than hot and dry days because the high level of water content in humid air discourages the evaporation of sweat from a person's skin.


In recent times the highest recorded temperature in October has been 34°C that's 93°F.
In recent times, the highest recorded R.Humidity is around 94%.

30°C
Throughout the month of October daytime temperatures will generally reach highs of around that's about 86°F. At night the average minimum temperature drops down to around , that's 75°F.

24°C
84%
The average daily relative humidity for October is around .
Monthly Average of Precipitation amount in Pulau Jerejak
Bayan Lepas is entrusted with an average of 2736 mm (94.8 in) of rainfall per year, or 228 mm (7.9 in) per month.

The driest weather is in when an average of 79 mm (2.7 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs.

The wettest weather is in when an average of 429 mm (15.1 in) of rainfall (precipitation) occurs.

Throughout the month of you can expect to see rain of drizzle falling for around 25 days.

Monthly Average number of Rain days in Pulau Jerejak
October
February
October
Monthly Average of Water Temperature in Pulau Jerejak
The sea temperature drops very slightly at this time of year, but it is still bath-like at around .
28°C
Monthly Average of Sunlight Hours in Pulau Jerejak
For October expect the sun to shine for an average of 5 hours per day. This represents the average number of hours in the daytime that the sun is visible and not obscured by cloud e.g. the average number of hours the sun is actually out and shining.

Eventually, the dry season is sunnier than the wet season, though due to the short-lived nature of tropical rainfall the difference is not as great as one might expect. Sunshine levels average at around per day for most of the season.
( December - March )
8 hours
Existing building
- Neighbouring Context
Existing buildings
of
Pulau Jerejak
Assembly Hall
Burial ground for
different religions.
Views from jetty
Interior View of prison
Exterior view of prison
The Interior
Kindergarden
Interior view
Graveyard
Visitors Jetty
Administration Office
Old Jetty
Detention Centre
House of Previous Residents
Size of house is depends on the size of family.
Fauna
Flora
There are about 210 species and 71 families of plant can be found in ageing coastal forest of Jerejak which is over 4,000 years old. Some of this includes Dipterocarp, Mangrove, Revine Coastel and Weedy species.
The Dipterocarp are a family of 17 genera and approximately 500 species of mainly tropical lowland rainforest trees. Mostly found on hilly areas, Dipterocarp is a timber species that forms high proportion of emergent and main canopy strata of the forest. The forest is richly diversified and contains price timber such as Meranti, Mersawa and Keruing.
Dipterocarp
Mangrove
Mangrove Swamps (named after a of mangrove trees) are plenty in the forest wetland. The largest ones are located near the old prison buildings on the northern part of the island. The mangrove tree which is abundance here can tolerate brackish water and saltier coastal condition. Usually, the tree is surrounded by watery wilderness and provides natural habitat and breeding ground for organisms such as crabs and jellyfish.
Coastal plant community such as Mengkunyit and Bintagor also inhibits the Jerejak tropical forest. This plant act as a barrier between an interior plant and exposed beaches.
Ravine Coastal
Mengkunyit
Bintagor
Another interesting plant that has a commercial value in the Pulau Jerejak forest is the Eurycoma Longifolia or commonly known as Tongkat Ali. The plant has long been use as an aphrodisiac and as a local ginseng to increase strength and energy.
Eurycoma Longifolia
Eurycoma Longifolia
''Tongkat Ali'' root
There is about 39 animal species can be found on Pulau Jerejak such as White Bellied Sea Eagles. Monitor Lizards a Long Tailed Macaques. Although there are no endangered animal species on the island but quite a number of animals here are protected under the Malaysia Wildlife Act 1972
The White Bellied Sea Eagle
The White Bellied Sea Eagle (Haliaectus Leucogaster) is black in color and has a white spot underneath. The bird resting site is at the southern tip of the island. This is an ideal place for bird watching as this is also the perching area for many other bird species.
The Long Tailed Macaque with long arms and short legs also inhabits Pulau Jerejak. They are usually born with black fur but eventually turn a yellowish greenish, reddish brownish shade as they mature. Long tailed macaques are active during the day and arboreal (tree-living) animals. They tend to sleep on tree branches. So when you are exploring the jungle, look up on the tree and try to spot any of them 'hanging out'.
The Long Tailed Macaque
Monitor Lizards
Monitor Lizards and Mangrove Snakes are among the reptiles that live on the island. Monitor Lizards are daytime lizards and actively search for their food. Their prey includes snails, grasshoppers, beetles, birds' eggs, crabs, fish and nestling birds. This tropical reptiles do not divest themselves of their tails like some others lizards. Once lost, the tail will never grow back.

Mangroves Snakes live around mangrove area such as trees or swamp. The snakes often hang around the tree branch or banks and will drop into the water whenever there is a provocation. However, this snake will fight back if cornered or caught. Others snakes species can be found in the Pulau Jerejak forest are the reticulated python.
Mangroves Snakes
Vegetation
Pterocarpus indicus (Amboine, Pashu Padauk, Malay Paduak, New Guinea Rosewood, or, ambiguously, "Narra" which can refer to several Pterocarpus species) is a species of Pterocarpus native to southeastern Asia.
Angsana trees (Pterocarpus indicus)
Ketapang (Terminalia catappa)
Terminalia catappa is a large tropical tree in the leadwood tree family, Combretaceae, that is native to the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, and Australia.
Khaya
Khaya is a genus of seven species of trees in the mahogany family Meliaceae, native to tropical Africa and Madagascar.
Flora at pulau jerejak
Flora at Selected Sites
Flora at pulau jerejak
Flora at the sites
Activities
Sensory Factor - Sounds
Zoning
Location of Detention Camp
Selected Site Contour
Section A-A
Section B-B
Slowly devouring the remnants of the history of Jerejak is the very thing that was once cleared to make way for the development. The most ironic thing would be that another cycle would take place and development will soon take over again. Should we allow the past to remain dead and ignored? Or do we preserve what is left? Some live their lives based on the story of the island, others in ignorance. The question now, history or His story to keep?
Conclusion / Genius Loci
1. History
March
Stereographic Diagram
Vehicular Roads

Pedestrian Walkway

Port Klang Taxi Stand

Jeti Pulau Ketam

Port Klang Train Station

Port Klang Bus Station

BOAT ACCESS

BOAT

SITE

BUS

TRAIN

TAXI

STRUCTURED TRANSPORT & CIRCULATION

PEDESTRIAN TRANSIT PATHS

VEHICULAR TRANSIT PATHS

TRAIN LINE

The parking lots were prepared according to different areas.

Opportunities to Site:
Reduced Illegal Parking.

This proposal including conversion of current bus terminal into community center and suggest to locate a terminal with integrated public transport, such as bus and taxi strategically between the jetty and commuter train station.

Opportunities to Site:
Reduced number of vehicles on road
Ensured connectivity of transport within town area
Reduced air pollutions


Upgrades on Pedestrian Pathway and Road Traffic improved Users’ living experiences and qualities.

After identified the main and substitute roads on site, proposal on the new suggested route for heavy transportation from the port to Kuala Lumpur would essentially reduced the number of heavy vehicles on road within town areas.

Opportunities to Site:
Reduced traffic jam.
Reduced road maintenance.
Reduced sound pollution.

Define Primary and Secondary Road
Proposed New Route for Heavy Transportation

d. Proposed Terminal of Integrated Public Transport
e. Location of Bus Stops within City Area

c. Parking Lots

Map showing Proposed Pedestrian and Cyclist Circulation.

Map showing Proposal of Integrated Public Transport Terminal and Bus Stops within Town Area.

e. Shaded Pedestrian Pathway

d. Zebra Crossing

Map showing Proposed Types of Parking Lots, including Parking Area for Heavy Transport Terminal.

Primary Pedestrian Walkway
Secondary Pedestrian Walkway
Priority Zone for Pedestrian

PEDESTRIAN CIRCULATION

Map showing Indication of Primary and Secondary Roads with Proposed New Routes for Heavy Vehicles.

VEHICULAR CIRCULATION

INFLUENCE OF RANCANGAN KAWASAN KHAS / FUTURE DEVELOPMENTS
Full transcript