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Pre-Confederation Timeline

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Angela Zhao

on 31 January 2013

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Transcript of Pre-Confederation Timeline

Canada The Road to Confederation Treaty of Paris A New Country Created The Treaty of Paris was signed 1763 by France and Britain, it ended the 7 years of War. New France had surrendered to a British invasion force at Montreal. From the Treaty, France obtained Guadeloupe as well as Miquelon and Saint-Pierre. Britain claimed Quebec and the rest of New France. The Quebec Act The Dominion of Canada was formed on July 1, 1867. 1867 Constitution Act (BNA Act) officially proclaimed Canadian Confederation. The four Provinces to join the Confederation were Nova Scotia, Ontario, Quebec and New Brunswick. The Royal Proclamation In 1763, the British made the Canadiens give up there language and Religion. King George III signed the Royal Proclamation which states the plan for the 13 Colonies future. The Ohio valley was given to the First Nations (this upset the 13 colonies.) In 1774 Britain passed the Quebec Act. The King took back the land set aside for the First Nations and gave it to Quebec, as well as letting the Canadiens keep their language and Religion. This made the First Nations and the 13 Colonies Furious. 13 Colonies Rebel In 1775, 13 Colonies declare Independence from Britain. The American rebels hoped that the Canadiens would join their rebellion. The Canadiens refused for the King had been good to them. America still continued with the War of Independence and it was a success. Britain recognized the United States of America in 1783. Conflict between Britain and United States broke out again. The United States wanted to take over many of Britain's colonies. British soldiers, First Nations and French Canadiens fought against the Americans. The War Lasted 2 years. The War ended in a tie, both sides had to return all the territory they had gained. The Americans gained Independence. The War of 1812 The Loyalists Not all people supported the rebellion. 1/3 people living in the 13 colonies did not support it. American rebels treated the Loyalist as traitors. Many of the Loyalists fled to Canada (mostly Quebec, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.) Canada's Population nearly doubled. The Great Migration The Constitutional Act The Constitutional Act of 1791, Canada was divided in two. Upper Canada was the bottom half and Lower Canada was the top half. Upper refers to upstream and higher. Lower refers to downstream and lower in elevation. Upper Canada received English law and beliefs, while Lower Canada retained French ones. Both the Canadiens and the British did not like this new act. The Canadiens felt they may be overshadowed by the English settlers while the English felt the French Canadiens still had too much power. After the War, Britain wanted the Canadian Identity to seem more British. From 1815 to 1850, more than 800 000 immigrants came to the ports of Halifax, Saint John and Quebec City.
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