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Discrimination

Comm 367 Town Hall Meeting
by

Alex Wallace

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Discrimination

DISCRIMINATION
"I have black friends."
Human Nutrition, Pre-PT
Personally experienced discrimination
Discrimination directly affects a person's mental state and that person's mental state affects their eating habits which relates to my major, Human Nutrition
Alex Wallace
Marketing & Communication and logistics
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
Personally experienced discrimination
Researched discrimination prior to Comm 367
Zuoqi (George) Sun
Strategic Communication
Sponsors for Educational Opportunity
Researched highly credible reports on negative effects of discrimination
Passionate about effects of discrimination on students' academic performance and further problems in their future.
Rana Kim
Strategic Communication
Human Rights Campaign Foundation
Personally experienced discrimination
Human rights activist
Jeremy Schmitz
Business Marketing
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
I have volunteered and talked with many people in downtown areas where non-Christian religions are the majority.
Taylor Cooper
Finance Major
Gay & Lesbian Alliance Against Defemation (GLAAD)
Family member has personally experienced discrimination
Natalie Drotar
Trayvon Martin
Tyler Clementi
17 years old
18 years old
How many of you know someone who has discrimated against because of their sexual orientation?
I believe that being gay is a choice.
not
My Cousin, Beth
Summer 2010
Had a commitment ceremony with her partner Liz
Family members turned on her, but most of us were able to look past this
I fully support her
1. Each town council must ask

at least one
question after every speaker to promote discussion.
2. The audience should be
open-minded
and
respectful
of everyone’s opinions including the speakers, town citizens, and the moderator. This topic could personally affect some people.
3.
Discussion is encouraged.
[More than questions directed at the speaker]
U.S. Town Hall Meeting
4.The audience should respect the speakers by not speaking,
texting,
or laughing during their presentations.
5.
Speak up and be honest!
We hope for a successful, in depth discussion where people are able to express what they feel about this controversial topic.
U.S. Town Hall Meeting
Only
8
states have legalized same-sex marriage
In 2010,
131,729
married same-sex households
514,735
unmarried same-sex households
("Census.gov," 2011)
"I would marry Kobe, and he's Black."
"No, I love Asians!"
"No I have Indian in me."
"I've been to a gay bar."
"I love my gay best friend."
"I've dated a Mexican."
Discrimination:
separation or prejudicial treatment because of someone’s age, disability, religion, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, and other factors that make-up a person’s identity
Constitution 1st Amendment:
Protects the
freedom
of speech,
freedom
of religion, and
freedom
of the press, as well as the right to assemble and petition the government
2010 Gay Marriage Support Polls
Favor: 51%
Oppose: 47%
Unsure: 2%
US Gay Marriage Polls, 1988-2010
Only 42% of you claimed you would actually stop someone from speaking negatively about LGBT.
Compared to polls, 68% of you agreed that same-sex couples should be allowed to marry.
Denying same-sex couples the right to marry stigmatizes gay and lesbian families as inferior and sends the message that it is acceptable to discriminate against them.
("Procon," 2012)
Urgency
Formed in New York in 1985
Aims to eliminate anti-gay slander in the media
Holds the media accountable for their words & images
Allows LGBT members to share their stories
Empowers the voice of the LGBT community
Promotes understanding, acceptance, and equality
GLAAD: Gay and Lesbian Alliance Against Defamation
Donate
Volunteer
Annual GLAAD awards
Raising Awareness
LGBT Anti-bullying campaigns
Get Involved!
It starts with one person...
Silver, N. (2011, April 20). Nytimes.com. Retrieved from http://fivethirtyeight.blogs.nytimes.com/2011/04/20/gay-marriage-opponents-now-inminority/
Census.gov. (2011, September 27). Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/newsroom/releases/archives/2010_census/cb11-cn181.html
Procon. (2012, March 13). Retrieved from http://gaymarriage.procon.org/
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.glaad.org/mediaawards
(n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.summary&orgid=6743
Alper & Associates. (2010, Nov 01). Florida domestic partnership. Retrieved from http://www.domesticpartnershipflorida.com/gay-marriage-facts-statistics/
(1996, January 3). H.R. 3396 (104th): Defense of marriage act. Retrieved from http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/104/hr3396/text
References
LGBT Bullying
Definition:
Anyone who identifies themselves as lesbian, gay bisexual or transgendered
Types of Bullying
Verbal
Physical
Cyber
Indirect
LGBT can receive on average 25 anti-gay slurs or remarks in ONE school day
1 in 6 LGBT students who are harassed will be physically abused so bad that they will need to receive medical attention
A survey done by
HRC found that...
Low Self Esteem
Slow Social Development
Mental Disorders
Eating Disorders
Depression
Suicide
Effects of Bullying
High School Junior in OhioAverage high school boyOften bullied se
veral t
imes a week
One day he was told, “Wh
y don’t you go home and shoot yourself? No one would miss you!”
Meet Eric Mohat
LGBT students who are bullied are 3 times more likely to commit suicide than heterosexual teenagers

30% of all suicides in children ages 14-18 in 2010 were due to sexual identity crisis.
Translates to approximately 300 suicides
LGBT Bullying and Suicide
Work to gain LGBT equality
Raise awareness/tolerance
Accomplished many Victories for the LGBT community
First president to endorse HRC
President Bill Clinton
Welcoming Schools Project
http://www.welcomingschools.org/what-do-you-know-the-film/
Donate
Volunteer
Become a Member of HRC
HRC NEEDS YOUR HELP!
Racial Discrimination
By: Zuoqi Sun aka The Asian Nerd
Racial discrimination is a problem all over the United States.
- Relevant to
everyone
- The problem is getting more serious for the
younger generations
.
Why?
The difference between the way Adults and Children process a message (ELM, High or low in cognition, right or wrong)
If we do not take measures right now, then…
Consequence
1. Gangsters in the ghetto
2. Little army men for Joseph Kony.
What should we do?
Join NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People)
1. Provide education
2. Mentor program and set a good example by being a role model
3. Give rewards and motivation
Picture This!
What is Racial Discrimination?
Definition:
Race discrimination involves treating someone unfavorably because he/she is of a certain race or because of personal features.
Who
are the victims?
Where
can it happen?
How
and
why
can it happen?
The Misleading Younger Generation
Crime rate More than
1.5
million American children have fathers in prison: Crime News
(Crimeinamerica, 2010)
Mental health problem. The professors discovered that discrimination is one of the major factors that increases younger generations’ depression and decreases their self-esteem, which is a devastating change in
mental health
for the younger generation.
(Juang, 2010)
NAACP is on your side!
History: The NAACP, a prestigious NPO for over 100 years, it fights for the right for all people of color. The NAACP sees education as one of the most important programs.
Goal: NAACP National Education Program's goal is to ensure that all younger Americans will have an equitable start in education.
(NAACP, 2012)
Mentoring Program:
Reduce Racial Discrimination
Statistics from the survey show that 80% of the people consider mentoring children the best method of combating discrimination.
Back to school/stay in school program
NAACP Columbus branch - 233 South High Street suite 207 43215
Littlejohn Junior NAACP Youth Council Leadership Team in NAACP Dayton.
Sign up online now.
Everyone should have their own dream.
If you want to make other vulnerable children’s dream come true, NAACP is the best place to start.
ABC News/Washington Post. (2009). Fewer call racism a majorproblem through discrimination remains. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/images/PollingUnit/1085a2RaceRelations.pdf
Crime in America. (2010). More than 1.5 million American children have fathers in prison: Crime News. http://crimeinamerica.net/category/juvenile-justice/
Joseph, P. & Wolfers. J.(2007). Racial discrimination among NBA referees. New York Times. Retrieved from http://graphics.nytimes.com/packages/pdf/sports/20070501-wolfers-NBA-race-study.pdf
Juang, L. P., & Alvarez, A. A. (2010). Discrimination and adjustment among Chinese American adolescents: Family conflict and family cohesion as vulnerability and protective factors. American Journal of Public Health, 100(12), 2403 2409. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2009.185959
National Association for the Advanced of Colored People. (2008). 2008 Annual report. U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://naacp.3cdn.net/0832c4b87016aa3e60_mlbrqaqra.pdf
Strohschein, L. (2005). Parental Divorce and Child Mental Health Trajectories. Journal Of Marriage & Family, 67(5), 1286-1300. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2005.00217.x
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2012). Race/color discrimination. Retrieved from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/race_color.cfm
References
Religious Discrimination
in America
Taylor Cooper
“So long as we have enough people in this country willing to fight for their rights, we'll be called a democracy.” -- ACLU Founder Roger Baldwin
Meets all 20 standards for charity accountability according to Better Business Bureau
American Civil Liberties Union
ACLU’s battles
Scopes Trial (1925)
Brown v. Board of Education (1954)
Defining the Problem
Injustice Claims
Up
20%
from 2008

Up
60%
from 2005
Survey Results
60% - Religious Discrimination is a problem
60% - Never affected directly by Religious Discrimination
First they came for the communists, and I did not speak out - because I was not a communist; Then they came for the trade unionists, and I did not speak out – because I was not a trade unionist;Then they came for the Jews, and I did not speak out – because I was not a Jew;Then they came for me – and there was no one left to speak out for me.
-Pastor Martin Niemoller
Existing executive order: Allowed to discriminate
Sign the petition!
Invisible Children
INDIVIDUALS grouping together
Food for Thought
Fight for others
The power of the individual
Religious
Oppressive
Join the battle against it
Discrimination
Ethnic Discrimination in Education
Current Situation
Audience's Awareness of Discrimination
The high severity of discrimination problems in the U.S.
The majority of the audience answered that they feel discrimination as a major problem in the U.S. and also have experienced discrimination directly.
More than 74% of respondents agreed with that they have experienced discrimination directly.
1. Negative Impact on Mental Health
“Children who reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination were more likely to have symptoms of each of the four mental health conditions included in the analysis:
depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, and conduct disorder.
An association between perceived racial/ethnic discrimination and depressive symptoms was found for Black, Hispanic, and other children but not for White children.”
American Journal of Public Health. 2009
15% of children
in three US metropolitan areas reported perceived racial/ethnic discrimination, with
80% reporting
that the perceived
discrimination occurred at school
American Journal of Public Health. 2009
2. Barrier to the Future
The overall number of American students who have completed high school and continued college education increased for the past years.
The U.S. Department of Education and National Center for Education Statistics. 2010
Solution
Sponsors for Educational Opportunity

“A”
in low-income schools =
“C”
in affluent schools
The SEO Scholars Program is an Out-of-School-Time (OST) academic program serving urban public high school students in NYC and San Francisco
Scholars Program currently serves 365 public high school students attending more than 100 high schools.
The Scholars Program adds the equivalent of 60 school days to the public school calendar for its students each year.
Scholars dedicate 80% of their time at SEO to academics, with the remaining 20% spent on enrichment and leadership activities.
Get Involved!
1. Mentoring Volunteer
2. Donation
How to?
1. Mentoring Volunteer
2. Donation
Very timely effective way

Help SEO sustain their scholars programs
No time to volunteer
Busy schedules
If you have...
SEO Scholars Achievement
Note that
The rate of the progress varies by different ethnicity of students.
While
Online Mentoring
Online Tutoring
"Founded in 1963, Sponsors for Educational Opportunity (SEO) prepares young people of color to lead in their families, communities and careers. SEO provides superior educational and career programs to young peoplefrom underserved communities to maximize their opportunities forcollege and career success."
Sponsors for educational opportunity scholars program. (2012)
References
For Equal Opportunities
Barriers
The Ohio State
1. Time Conflict
2. Ignorance and credibility
Ignorance does
NOT
lead to progression.
It takes
ALL
not just ONE.
Speak up for what is
RIGHT.
It
WILL
be worth it in the end!
AAAS response to hate crime at Ohio State. (2012). Department of African American and African Studies. Retrieved from http://us2.campaign-archive1.com/?u=c812e18d654f1fe5373358d17&id=482d22f872&e=290a033385
Centeno, M. A., & Newman, K. S. (2010). Discrimination in an unequal world. (p. 45). New York: Oxford University Press.
Kaller, A. (2012, April 24). Students unhappy with osu crime response. The Lantern. Retrieved from http://www.thelantern.com/students-unhappy-with-osu-crime-response-1.2859048
Keller, B. (2012, April 04). Tyler and Trayvon. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/02/opinion/keller-tyler-and-trayvon.html?_r=2&scp=1&sq=tyler%20and%20trayvon&st=cse.
Vickers, L. (2010). Religious discrimination in the workplace: An emerging hierarchy?. Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 12(3), 280-303. doi:10.1017/S0956618X10000414
References
Things can Change!
AAAS response to hate crime at Ohio State. (2012). Department of African American and African Studies. Retrieved from http://us2.campaign-archive1.com/?u=c812e18d654f1fe5373358d17&id=482d22f872&e=290a033385
Centeno, M. A., & Newman, K. S. (2010). Discrimination in an unequal world. (p. 45). New York: Oxford University Press.
Kaller, A. (2012, April 24). Students unhappy with osu crime response. The Lantern. Retrieved from http://www.thelantern.com/students-unhappy-with-osu-crime-response-1.2859048
Keller, B. (2012, April 04). Tyler and Trayvon. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/04/02/opinion/keller-tyler-and-trayvon.html?_r=2&scp=1&sq=tyler%20and%20trayvon&st=cse.
Vickers, L. (2010). Religious discrimination in the workplace: An emerging hierarchy?. Ecclesiastical Law Journal, 12(3), 280-303. doi:10.1017/S0956618X10000414
References
Parental divorce is accompanied by higher level of child anxiety and lower levels of
antisocial behavior
(racial discrimination).
(Strohschein, 2005)

Eckholm, E. (2012, March 6). Minnesota School district reaches agreement on preventing gay bullying. The New York Times, p. A11.
Human Rights Campaign (n.d.). The welcoming schools guide. The welcoming school approach.
Mellin, E., & Hinojosa, T. (2011, March). Anti-Gay bullying and suicide: implications and resources for counselors . The counselor education newsletter. Retrieved from http://http://www.ed.psu.edu/educ/epcse/counselor-education/newsletters/CounseLion_030211.pdf
Piacenti, R. K. (2011). Toward a meaningful response to the problem of anti-gay bullying in American public schools. Virginia Journal of Social Policy & the Law, 19(1), 58-108.
Wallace, J. A. (2011). Bullycide in American Schools: Forging a Comprehensive Legislative Solution. Indiana Law Journal, 86(2), 735-761.
What is Bullying. (n.d.). Bullying Facts. Retrieved April 4, 2012, from http://stopbullying.gov
All photos from Google images, unless otherwise noted
References
Annual GLAAD Awards
23rd annual GLAAD awards
Recognizes the most outstanding members of the LGBT community in the media
Brings together celebrities, corporate partners, media professionals, and young adults in support of gay rights
Attendance:
Ellen DeGeneres, Jesse Tyler Ferguson, Perez Hilton, Molly Shannon, Betty White
Lack of exposure
Social acceptance
Religion & Culture
Time constraints
Barriers
("Charity Navigator")
This community deserves happiness & equality

The solution is GLAAD

It only takes one person to help stop discrimination across the board

YOU can help LGBT gain the rights they deserve
At the end of the day...
(Silver, 2011)
Just 2 years ago only 42% of the population favored same-sex marriage
A Step in the Right Direction
"Using anti-gay slurs reinforces to people that the LGBT community is inferor to the resot of society and that we should discriminate against them" ("Procon", 2012)
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). (2012). About the ACLU. Retrieved from http://www.aclu.org/about-aclu-0
Better Business Bureau. (2012). BBB wise giving report for American Civil Liberties Union Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.bbb.org/charity-reviews/national/civil-rights/american-civil-liberties-union-foundation-in-new-york-ny-227 
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). (2012). ACLU history. Retrieved from http://www.aclu.org/aclu-history 
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. (2012). Religious discrimination. Retrieved from http://www.eeoc.gov/laws/types/religion.cfm 
Greenhouse, S. (2010, Sep 23). Muslims report rising discrimination at work. The New York Times - Breaking News, World News & Multimedia. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2010/09/24/business/24muslim.html?_r=2&pagewanted=all 
Holocaust Encyclopedia. (2010). Martin Niemoller: “First they came for the Socialists…”. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved from http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007392 
American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU). (2012). Stop government-funded religious discrimination!. Retrieved from https://secure.aclu.org/site/Advocacy?cmd=display&page=UserAction&id=3377 
Tapper, J. (2011, Oct 14). Obama sends 100 U.S. troops to Uganda to help combat Lord’s Resistance Army. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/politics/2011/10/obama-sends-100-us-troops-to-uganda-to-combat-lords-resistance-army/#
All photos from Google images, unless otherwise noted
References
University
The audience experiences discrimination frequently
and perceive that the problem is significant.
Strong correlation between racial/ethnic discrimination and mental illness including multiple symptoms of depression
And this causes
Unequal opportunity
in obtaining high-quality education
Mainly African-American, Latino and those
students in racially/ethnically isolated schools
and school districts across the country tend to
have less opportunity to obtain good quality of education.
Duke Forum for Law & Social Change. 2009
Lower test scores
Higher dropout rates
Less qualified teachers
Worse learning environments
More limited curricular offerings
Poorer health
Less parental involvement

Overall a lower quality of education
Duke Forum for Law & Social Change. 2009
Aud, S., Fox, M., and KewalRamani, A. (2010). Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups (NCES 2010-015). U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office. Retrieved from http://www.air.org/files/AIR-NCESracial_stats__trends1.pdf

Bowman, K. L. (2009). A new strategy for pursuing racial and ethnic equality in public schools. Duke Forum for Law & Social Change, 1(1), 47-70.

Coker, T. R., Elliott, M. N., Kanouse, D. E., Grunbaum, J., Schwebel, D. C., Gilliland, M., & ... Schuster, M. A. (2009). Perceived racial/ethnic discrimination among fifth-grade students and its association with mental health. American Journal of Public Health, 99(5), 878-884. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2008.144329

Wating for superman: Shock & awe public service announcement. (2012). [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=N6AfN5EiUIg

Sponsors for educational opportunity scholars program. (2012). Retrieved from http://www.seo-usa.org/upload/File/SEO.Scholars.Program.Presentation_01_2012.pdf
In 2009, 80% of graduating seniors matriculated to
“most, highly, and very competitive” colleges
Sponsors for educational opportunity scholars program. (2012)
States that marriage is recognized between a man and woman
Illegal for legally married same-sex couples to:
file taxes together
take an paid leave
receive spousal Social Security benefits
receive equal health benefits compared to other employees
Defense of Marriage Act of 1996
(sec 3. para. 1)
("Defense of Marriage Act", 1996)
*Photo is from Google Image
*Photo is from Google Image
Full transcript