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LIVEABLE CITIES

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by

Sandra Miller

on 5 January 2016

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Transcript of LIVEABLE CITIES

LIVEABLE CITIES
It is estimated that over 50% of the world's population lives in cities and urban areas. That number is set to rise to over 60% within decades
Contrary to popular belief, urban systems can be more sustainable than rural or suburban living. People are located so close it is possible to save energy and resources, food, transportation & mass transit sytems
SUSTAINABLE CITY

Sustainable City (eco-city): is a city designed with consideration of environmental impact, inhabited by people dedicated to minimize required inputs of energy, water and food, and waste output of heat, air pollution-CO2-methane, and water pollution.
Sustainable City meets the needs of the present and without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Industrial Ecology
:
field of study used in planning these cities
There is no completely agreed upon definition of what it should be or what it should have.
Domains of Sustainable Cities
Ecology
Economics
Politics
Culture
FEED itself, with sustainable reliance on surrounding countryside. (Farm to table)
POWER itself with renewable sources of energy
Create the SMALLEST possible ecological footprint
Other considerations:
LOWEST pollution
EFFICIENT use of land
Compost & Recycle
CONVERT waste to energy
MINIMAL CONTRIBUION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
UCLG: UNITED CITIES & LOCAL GOVERNMENTS
Working to establish universal urban strategic guidelines
UCLG 13 Global Challenges:
-demographic change & migration
-globalizaton of the job market
-poverty-unmet & milleniumm development goals
-segregation
-spatial patterns & urban growth
-metropolisation & rise of urban regions
-more political power for local authorities
-new actions for developing a city & providing services
-deline in public funding for development
-environmental & climate change
-new & accessible bulding technology
-prepring for uncertainty
-limits of growth & global communiction & partnerships
What gets in the way? OBSTACLES
What do they do? HOW?
Agricultural Systems
Renewable Energy Resources
Lower AC needs
Transport
Urban Sprawl
Others
Inner City Farms
Farmscrapers
Wind turbines
Solar panels
Bio-gas sewers
plant trees
light surface colours
natural ventilation systems
more water features
more green spaces (20%) of city surface
counter the HEAT ISLAND effect
improve public transport
increase pedestrianization
reduce emissions
integrate Business, Industrail & Residential Zones
roads designed to make driving difficult
new ways to allow peopleto live closer to the workplace
Smart Growth Movement
Green Roofs
Sustainable Transport
Zero Energy Bulding
Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems(SUDS)
Energy Conservation systems/devices
Xeriscaping: landscaping for water conservtion
OBSTACLES
Inequity in spatial development and socio-economic classes

Added factors:

poverty reduction Climate change
DIFFERENCES
regional & national conditions

Framework & practice

Comunication & negotiations with other governments, communities and the private sector

$$$$

Monitoring Performance Mangement
Ecology (from Greek: is the scientific analysis and study of interactions among organisms and their environment. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes biology and Earth science.
Economics is the social science that describes the factors that determine the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek from (oikos, "house") and (nomos, "custom" or "law"), hence "rules of the house (hold for good management)".
Culture is the characteristics and knowledge of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts.
the activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power.
the activities of governments concerning the political relations between countries.
the academic study of government and the state
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