Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

resurrection of jesus

No description
by

Casper Oliver

on 30 March 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of resurrection of jesus

-Foreseen in the Old Testament Isaiah 53, Psalms 22


-Jesus said he was going to be crucified Luke 24:7

-(Tacitus, Roman Historian, 55-120 A.D.). “Christus (Christ)…suffered the extreme penalty during the reign of Tiberius at the hands of one of our procurators, Pontius Pilate” Tiberius was the governor.

-(Flavius Josephus, 38-97 A.D.). “Pilate condemned him to be crucified and to die...His disciples…reported that he had appeared to them three days after his crucifixion and that he was alive” Though it is disputed, the portion about the cross is believed. He also mentions Tiberius Caesar

- well Known around the world
Obstacle 1
Obstacle 3
Resurrection
The Disciples STOLE THE BODY!!
Twin aka substitution


1. [X] Jesus was crucified
2. [X] Died
3. [X] He was buried in a tomb
4. [X] the tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5. [X] Friends saw Jesus
6. [X] Enemies saw Jesus
7. [X] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead


The only explanation to make sense of all minal facts- the facts that even most sleptical scholars agree with- is the explanation found in the New Testament. The confidence pail has in the histprical, bodily resurrection of Jesus is backed up by evidence. That’s his point 1 corinthians 15:12-19. And that’s why we can have the same kind of Confidence- a confidence we can bet our lives on
What does it matter if Jesus rose from the dead or not
Did Jesus Rise from the DEAD or is it a Hoax?
Stolen body theory- says someone broke into Jesus’ tomb and took the body. There are only three groups who might have a reason to steal the body. The Romans, The Jews and the disciples
theory- the twin/substitution theory says Jesus had a twin brother who switched places with him and died in Jesus’ place. Two days later Jesus came out of hiding claiming that he had been resurrected from the dead
1 Corinthians 15:12-19
New Living Translation (NLT)

The Resurrection of the Dead
12 But tell me this—since we preach that Christ rose from the dead, why are some of you saying there will be no resurrection of the dead? 13 For if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised either. 14 And if Christ has not been raised, then all our preaching is useless, and your faith is useless. 15 And we apostles would all be lying about God—for we have said that God raised Christ from the grave. But that can’t be true if there is no resurrection of the dead. 16 And if there is no resurrection of the dead, then Christ has not been raised. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, then your faith is useless and you are still guilty of your sins. 18 In that case, all who have died believing in Christ are lost! 19 And if our hope in Christ is only for this life, we are more to be pitied than anyone in the world.
The historical bodily resurrection of Jesus is important because it means that the one who resurrected AKA Jesus can be trusted. When Jesus walked on earth, Jesus said many things that were difficult for people to understand and believe, some were claims about himself- his authority, that he was God. Not any God but the God who revealed himself, thorough Abraham, Moses, David, and other prophets. Jesus knew our problem, and gave us a solution. He made predictive prophecies about who would put him to death (Matthew 16:21), who would betray him (Matthew 26:21) how they would treat him, how they would get to him, when they would do it (john 12:23), where he would die, and – most astonishingly- that he would be raised from the dead on the third day. If there is evidence that he was in fact resurrected on the third day then we have good reason to believe that Jesus was telling us the truth about everything else he said. The resurrection is how we know Jesus can be trusted.

Before we go into the resurrection discussion Not all Scholars of the new testament agree on what the historical facts about Jesus are and where they came from because of the different beliefs that scholars have, some are atheist, some believe a non-Christian religion, some are liberal Christian etc.
however, when scholars write about the resurrection of Jesus there are few facts ( called the minimal facts) that almost all New testament Scholars agree on, these are found by more then one writing, enemies of Christianity, eye witness reports, come from soon after the death of Jesus, were going to go over these minimal facts and how they solve the mystery of Jesus resurrection.
1. Jesus was crucified
2. Died
3. He was buried in a tomb
4. The tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5. Friends saw Jesus
6. Enemies saw Jesus
7. 11 out of the 12 disciples were martyred or killed for believing in this truth
.
Swoon theory,
The swoon theory says that Jesus did not die on the cross, he only fainted. The Roman soldiers believed Jesus had died and ordered him to be removed from the cross and buried, and in the cool atmosphere of the tomb Jesus’ body was able to begin healing and he revived. After getting some of his strength back, he was able to open the tomb and find his followers. His followers explained Jesus’ appearance as a resurrection, that he had risen from the dead
Historical Fact #1-Jesus was crucified


But...How do we know Jesus was Crucified?
Historical Fact #2 Jesus Died

- Roman soldiers were put to death if they didn't kill their victims

-Before being crucified, Jesus was scourged with a whip called a flagrum. Flagrums had several chords with metal balls on the end and often had shards of bone, metal or rocks in them as well. Scourging was designed to pull the flesh off the victim.

-According to Isaiah 52:14 you could not recognized Jesus as a man from being so badly beaten
If Jesus did not die from the scourging, and from the process of crucifixion, and being pierced in the side, then Jesus would have died of blood loss. If the swoon theory is true, then Jesus woke up in the tomb, he would have to pop his shoulder back into place, use his useless hands and feet, roll back a tomb stone that weighs hundreds of pounds, over power the roman soldiers, walk 7 miles to Emmaus, walk 7 miles back to Jerusalem, walk through Jerusalem without being noticed, while only wearing his grave clothes, with his tendons out, find out where the disciples were hiding, find a way to break in a locked room without anyone seeing him there, and then appear to them as if he was raised from the dead, and that All IS WELL, at the very least the discples would have thought he needed serious medical attention, not that he conquered death.

1. [X] Jesus was crucified
2. [ ] Died
3. [X]He was buried in a tomb
4. [X]The tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5. [X]Friends saw Jesus
6. [X ]Enemies saw Jesus
7. [X] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead
Historical fact #3 & #4 Jesus was buried the tomb was empty

Biblical evidence: Matthew 28:11-15 says both the Jews and the Romans believed Jesus’ tomb was empty

Non-biblical evidence: Church Father Justin Martyr: wrote a book around AD 150 called Dialogue with Trypho, in chapter 108 he reports that Jews taught Jesus’ body was stolen, which means they believed his tomb was empty.
“(The Jews) have sent chosen and ordained men throughout all the world to proclaim that a godless and lawless heresy and sprung from one Jesus, a Galilean deceiver, whom we crucified, but his disciples stole him by night from the tomb, where he was laid when unfastened from the cross and now deceive men by asserting that he was risen from the dead and ascended into heaven”

1. [X] Jesus was crucified
2. [X ] Died
3. [X] He was buried in a tomb
4. [X] the tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5. [ ] Friends saw Jesus
6. [ ] Enemies saw Jesus
7. [ ] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead

The explanation of the wrong tomb does not make sense of the minimal facts. It doesn’t give any reasons for why Jesus’ followers said they saw him after he had been raised from the dead. It also fails to show why some of Jesus’ enemies also claim to have seen Jesus after he had been killed and buried
If the disciples went to the wrong tomb, then Jesus’ body would be in the right tomb. All the Romans and the Jewish leaders would have to do is go to the correct tomb and debunk the resurrection.
What about?!?

Wrong tomb theory

says the reason why Jesus followers found the tomb empty is that everyone simply went to the wrong tomb, After all, the tombs do look alike and it would be easy to confuse one with another, since the tomb they mistook for Jesus’ tomb was not being used, they explained it by claiming he had been resurrected from the dead.
http://www.about-jesus.org/martyrs.htm
1.[X] Jesus was crucified
2.[X ] Died
3.[X] He was buried in a tomb
4.[X] the tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5.[ ] Friends saw Jesus
6.[ ] Enemies saw Jesus
7.[ ] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead

Saying that Jesus’ body was stolen does not make sense of the minimal facts. If the romans or Jews stole the body it doesn’t give any reasons for why Jesus’ followers said they saw him after he had been raised from the dead. No matter who stole the body it fails to, show why some of Jesus’ enemies also claim to have seen Jesus after he had been killed and buried.
Romans: wanted Jesus dead because he claimed to be King, therefore Jesus becoming a threat hence a motive to kill Jesus. The only motive that the romans have for stealing the body was to expose Jesus, Dead body equals Dead movement.
Jews: the Jewish leadership wanted Jesus executed because he had committed blasphemy by claiming to be God, they were threatened by his authority as well since it challenged theres. Jewish leaders requested the guards to surround Jesus’ tomb to prevent theft of his body. By killing Jesus’ they thought they were killing his ministry. So the motive that the Jewish leaders had was to kill Jesus’ ministry thus they would expose his body to everyone.

This also does not explain the 11 out of the twelve disciples being martyred. That means they would have died for a lie they knew was a lie since they were the ones who made itr up. People do not die for lies they invent but they do die for lies, this also means non of them confessed of conspiracy in an escape to survive being killed. Also these people who gave up their lives, comforts, and homes to travel to far away places to tell people about jesus, they did not receive fame or riches one bit. They were rewarded with beatings persecution, imprisonment, and hardships, there was no incentive to steal the body and lie about it. Nothing to gain, but everything to lose.
Historical Fact #5 Jesus was seen by Friends and Enemies

people saw Jesus after he died and was put in the tomb, they were not expecting Jesus to rise from the dead, many of Jesus’ followers believed they saw and spoke with him after his death,some of his enemies also believed they encountered him after his death.

Friends: the twelve apostles, followers- the woman at the tomb. (Luke 24:33-49) other followers were present at the first appearance to the apostles.

Crowds :( 1 Corinthians 15:6)” then he appeared to over 500 brothers at one time; most of them are still alive but some have fallen asleep.”

Paul (Saul of Tarsus): “enemy” persecuted Christians (ACTS 8:1-3; 9:1-2)
Turned friend, on the road to Damascus to persecute the Christians there, Paul believed he encountered Jesus (ACTS 9:3-19)
Preached the Gospel on missionary journeys for the next 30 years and was martyred in Rome around AD 64-65.

James (brother of Jesus) Matthew 13:55-

Enemy before Jesus’ Death. James did not believe Jesus
(John 7:5)
He thought Jesus was insane(mark 3:21)
Friend after Jesus’ death. James believed he has seen the risen jesus and became an apostle (1cor 15:7)

James became the leader of the Church at Jerusalem (ACTS 21:18) wrote the book that bears his name

( James 1:1). Was martyred for his belief in Jesus.
Tradition says james was thrown from the highest point of the temple in an attempt to kill him. But when he was found alive he was beaten to death with a club. What would it take for you to believe your brother was God incarnate?
Hallucination
theory says that the followers of Jesus’ were so upset by his death that they began to think they saw him even though he wasn’t there. Some had private hallucinations, others had group hallucinations, and sometimes there were mass hallucination where several hundred people all believed they saw Jesus.
1. [X] Jesus was crucified
2. [X ] Died
3. [X] He was buried in a tomb
4. [ ] the tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5. [ ] Friends saw Jesus
6 .[ ] Enemies saw Jesus
7. [ ] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead

Hallucinations are like dreams people have when they’re awake. But no dream no matter how vivid someone’s dream or hallucination is, would never confuse the experience with reality so much that they would die for it. Just as people are easily convinced their dream was not reality people can be talked out of believing a hallucination is real.
Several hundred people all said, they saw him and received information from him although some people were alone with him and others were in groups or crowds, the different reports give a unified picture of jesus that don’t contradict one another. The peoples description on how he acted all agreed as if they’d seen the same thing. When people hallucinate its personal because its in the persons own mind. Each hallucinations are unique and different.
1. [X] Jesus was crucified
2. [X ] Died
3. [X] He was buried in a tomb
4. [ ] the tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5. [X] Friends saw Jesus
6. [X ] Enemies saw Jesus
7. [ ] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead

Lukes gospel has details about Jesus birth from Mary herself, if Mary told Luke the story of Jesus’ birth, the fact that Jesus’ had a twin would be a very odd thing to leave out, also it would make her a liar and deceitful. It also means that Mary would not have recognized which son was on the cross even though mothers of identical twins are usually able to tell their twins apart.

At the birth of Jesus, there was only one account not two. Being twins they would have to be born around the same time interval.
If this were true, then the twin brother would have to fallow Jesus around, willingly die in Jesus’ place all for a hoax of being resurrected from the dead. This goes against everything we know about Jesus character and teaching .
Also, the body would still be in the tomb, and James who was the brother of Jesus, would know the two apart, and not be willing to die for a hoax, who didn’t believe in Jesus in the first place. And also this would make Jesus a liar and a deceiver because he said that he was going to be crucified, die and resurrect. This also would make the Old Testament false books because it says that the messiah was going to be crucified and be cut off.
Legend theory:

the legend theory says that in the years after Jesus’ death stories about him developed and evolved, Over time these stories started to claim Jesus, had supernatural powers and include his resurrection. No one was trying to lie about jesus’ life, they were just trying to honor him. But these traditions were passed down as history and we need to distinguish the Jesus of history from the Christ of the bible.
1. [X] Jesus was crucified
2. [X ] Died
3. [X] He was buried in a tomb
4.[ ] the tomb was discovered to be empty just a few days later.
5.[ ] Friends saw Jesus
6.[ ] Enemies saw Jesus
7.[ ] 11 out of the twelve disciples were martyred believing Jesus rose from the dead

The development version of the legend theory fails to explain the empty tomb, friends/enemies who saw Jesus, and the behavior of the disciples.
Oldest Creed.
Before the new testament was completed part of how Christians remembered the teachings of the faith was by using creeds, which are short summaries of beliefs that could easily memorized, and by using hymns. Many creeds and hymns are included in the writing s of the new testament, which vouches for their accuracy. And at least some of them predate even the earliest New Testament scripture 1 Corinthians 15:3-7 is one of those creeds
Paul implies the passage is a creed and that it existed before his conversion. This is the teaching he himself was given when he became a believer.

“for I passed on to you as most important what I also received: That Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures, that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the scriptures, and that he appeared to over 500 brothers at one time most of whom remain to the present, but some have fallen asleep. Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles. “


famine relief visit
Josephus historian who mentions the famine Jerusalem
Dated by (Jewish/roman) council 48AD(ACTS 15:22)
45-47AD (Acts 11:25-30)

Conversion
32-35AD
37-38AD Pauls first visit to Jeruselum Death
( Gal 1:18-29) 64-67


(Gal 2:1) Went to Jerusalem a second
so what is the only option?
Also the women who discovered the empty tomb had seen Jesus buried, so they would know which tomb to look for, not only that but when the women told the disciples about what they found they would have to return to the wrong tomb again which was something that meant so much to them. This is very unlikely. When peter and john heard this, they ran to the tomb to see for themselves, this means they knew where to go to find the same thing, and to go to the same wrong tomb, is unlikely again, especially when Jesus’ tomb was the only one with the roman soldiers guarding it.
Jewish tradition Historical sources for the empty tomb: Toledoth Jesu- jewish includes this book that was written around 500AD. It’s a story of Jesus’ life that is different from the bible. Most Jewish scholars don’t think this book can be trusted as history, however, scholars do think its claim that Jesus’ body was stolen is what Jews believed at that time. It also means they believed the tomb was empty.

“on the first day of the week his bold followers came to queen Helene with the report that he who was slain was truly the messiah and that he was not in his grave; he had ascended to heaven as he prophesied. Diligent search was made and he was not found in the grave where he had been buried “
-Crucifixion (excruciating-out of the cross) - nails are in the wrists to hold the body upright, hands are Partially paralyzed from nerve damage. Nails penetrate through feet and ankles which holds weight of the person and gives victim something to push on. Shoulders/elbows may be dislocated from weight of the body, making arms almost useless. Victims weight forces to inhale and make exhalation very difficult. Victims must relieve weight in order to exhale by pushing up on nails in ankles and pulling on nails in wrists.

Causes of death: shock from blood loss, asphyxiation, congestive heart failure, and dehydration. Victim could live from several hours to days, if Romans soldiers wanted someone to die quickly they would break the shins of the victim, so they could no longer exhale, death would come in minutes.

-Journal of American Medical Association -Cut off time is about 12 min, therefore if a person is hanging longer then the victim is dead.

Also,..
John 19:34
New Living Translation (©2007)
One of the soldiers, however, pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out.

-When a person dies, the blood and the water in the blood separate, indicating that a person is dead
14 years after conversion
33AD Crucifixion
Based on the Scriptures above, we know that Barnabas and Paul went to Jerusalem together during the famine of AD 44 to 45. And it is apparent that they returned to Antioch after leaving Jerusalem based on Acts chapters 13 and 14. In these two chapters, Barnabas and Paul go on their 1st missionary journey
The hallucination theory suggest
that the Disciples were So stressed
that they hallucinated the resurrected
Jesus.

The reason why this is not possible, is because
it does not explain the siting of Paul and the other
500 people who would have no reason to be stressed or sad.
Full transcript