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The Parties of Tomorrow:
Transcript of The Parties of Tomorrow:
Passion for politics and tech
Technology in the Middle East
Intraparty Relations and Technology
The online state
How political parties are adapting to all of that?
The political process is changing
Image by Tom Mooring
The Parties of Tomorrow:
The Impact of Technology on Intraparty Relations in Hybrid Democracies
Specially Developed ICTs
Social Media Tools
How do political parties, in new democracies, use technology to perform necessary intraparty functions, such as party leadership election, candidate selection, policy formulation, and members’ admission and development?
"They're talking about a revolution.."
by Ahmed M. Abou Hussein
: It is the study of the relationship/competition between parties and external relations with the electorate
: It is the study of the relationship between the leadership and members
(Gibson & Ward, 2009)
+ Intraparty Relationships (West)
"Politics as usual"
There is no significant impact. Technology is just used to replace paperwork
"This does not mean that the new media are unimportant, only that their impact on power, democracy and participation is limited."
(Pedersen & Sagile, 2005: 363)
More power given to the leadership
and technology becomes a tool for centralization
Populism is a symptom of a fundamental change in the functioning of a party, (...) a virtual façade around one single person.
(Rommele, 2003 & Hartleb, 2013)
The political elite are responsible for the decision making, but technology is utilized for accountability
Rank-and-file adequately informed
Emphasize informal networks based on interests, rather than hierarchy or geographical boundaries
Direct decision making
(Margetts, 2001; Pedersen & Saglie, 2005; Gibson & Ward, 2009)
'Involving' members/supporters in decision making, discussions, policy formulation process.
“The party is thus not a meteor, confronting its inevitable burn-up. Nor is it a phoenix, rising to new glories out of the ashes of its past.
It is a chameleon, permanently engaged in surveying its political landscape and transforming itself to respond to new circumstances and thus guarantee continued relevance
(Meisel and Mendelsohn, 2001: 163)
"Before we enquire about the relationships developing from using technology, why are they using it to start with?"
Pressure: (online activism)
Better tool of communication
The new capacities technology provide
Models of Adaptation
Theory of Party Change
1) Vote Maximization
2) Office Maximization
4) Intraparty Democracy
(Rommele, 2003; Gibson & Ward, 2009; Yacoub et al., 2013,)
How and Why?
Theories of Party Change
Theories of Digital Democracy
Models of Adaptation
Most Similar System Design (MSSD)
Units of comparison: Political parties
Parties & Technology
Middle East & Technology
Parties in the Middle East
Very centered on Western parties
More focus on the "inter" and the "external"
more research inside parties
to examine the extent to which technology is facilitating a reshaping of relations between elites and members/supporters."
(Gibson & Ward, 2009: 95-6)
"... the geographic focus has been towards
and to some e
xtent Northern Europe
CAPMAS vs Parties
Focus: Inter & Intra?
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Hartleb, Florian. “Anti-Elitist Cyber Parties?: Understanding the Future of European Political Parties.” Journal of Public Affairs 13, no. 4 (November 2013): 355–69. doi:10.1002/pa.1480.
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