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dreams

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by

Bill Nye Tho

on 27 April 2014

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Transcript of dreams

Nightmares:
dreams that evoke negative emotions during and after the dream, accompanied by vivid imagery; results in the awakening of the dreamer

Bad dreams:
a less intense, less traumatizing version of a nightmare that does not wake up the dreamer
What are the benefits of bad dreams?
Allison J. Chen, Erin Fu, Rachel Ingram, Zeinab Khawaja, and Geoffrey Lau
Threat Simulation
a theory by Antti Revonsuo (5)
Problem Identification
Some dreams reveal efforts made by the subconscious mind to bring to consciousness the unsettled problems troubling our personality (4)

Problem Solving
How does Rachel's dream occur?
What is a bad dream?
Fear Extinction

Conscious reflection and analysis of our bad dreams gives us insight into our waking concerns and provides us with a means of addressing them.
Hypothesis
So what?
Why does this all matter, and how can we apply it to our lives?
Conditioned stimulus
Unconditioned stimulus (always scary)
FEAR RESPONSE
Works Cited
Element Activation
Element Recombination
Emotional Expression
Perseveration (4)
The tendency of the mind to reproduce worrying situations, or reverting to an unfinished train of thought
Although we may succeed in pushing our worries out of our minds during the day, at night our will is suspended, and these worries all come rushing back to the forefront of our minds.
"Dreams are the royal road to the unconscious" (4)
People face threats in their dreams, so they are able to sense and avoid them in real life.
Childhood (4)
The childhood experiences we dream about are always those which we were unable to cope with at the time
Problems persist throughout childhood until we are able to deal with them in adolescence or adulthood
PROCESS
Our Initial Questions
Refine and Research
Putting It Together
6P's
Initial Three Questions
1. What is confidence, and how can we exude it?
2. How do you market a brand?
3. How do we connect with people?

* SO WHAT ?

Wanting to connect -> Humans of McMaster
Obstacle: ETHICS
How do we save money as a university student?
we worked quite a bit with this idea and eventually started filming short clips for this project
discovered when filming that it seemed somewhat trivial and insignificant



Finding our question!
Dreams!
We started talking about mental health and stress
Rachel was experiencing a reccurring dream throughout the week that was bothering her
We began discussing dreams and became really excited about this topic
Creating a Question
Further research into areas of interest
More Refinement
of the Question!
Research into the different branches
- split up the research among group members
- keeping dream journals
Finding solutions
Teaching each other
Applying our findings to our own dreams
Making the presentation
Learning how to use Prezi!
Bad dreams provide us with the means of recognizing problems in reality, reasoning them out, figuring out what solutions there are, and rehearsing those possible solutions in our dreams.

(1)Picchioni, D., Goeltzenleucher, B., Green, D. N., Convento, M. J., Crittenden, R., Hallgren, M., et al. (2002). Nightmares as a coping mechanism for stress. Dreaming, 12(3), 155-169.

(2)Siegel, A. B. (2002). Dream wisdom: uncovering life's answers in your dreams. Berkeley, Calif.: Celestial Arts.

(3)Hartmann, E. (2011). The nature and functions of dreaming. New York: Oxford University Press.

(4)Hadfield, J. A. (1954). Dreams and nightmares. Baltimore: Penguin Books.

(5)Revonsuo, A. (2001). The Reinterpretation of dreams: An evolutionary hypothesis of the function of dreaming.
Behavioral and Brain Sciences
, 23(6), 877-901. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X00004015

(6)Revonsuo, A. & Valli, K. (200). Dreaming and Consciousness:Testing the Threat Simulation Theory of the Function of Dreaming.
Psyche
, 6(8). Retrieved from http://www.theassc.org/files/assc/2467.pdf

(7)Valli K., Revonsuo A., Palkas O., Ismail KH., ALI KJ., Punamaki RL. (2005). The threat simulation theory of the evolutionary function of dreaming: Evidence from dreams of traumatized children.
Conscious Cognition
, 14(1), 188-218.

(8)Cartwright, R., Agargun, M. Y., Kirkby, J., & Friedman, J. K. (2006). Relation of dreams to waking concerns. Psychiatry Research, 141(3), 261–70. doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2005.05.013

(9)Nielsen, T., & Levin, R. (2007). Nightmares: a new neurocognitive model. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 11(4), 295–310. doi:10.1016/j.smrv.2007.03.004

(10)Pace-Schott, E. F., Milad, M. R., Orr, S. P., Rauch, S. L., Stickgold, R., & Pitman, R. K. (2009). Sleep promotes generalization of extinction of conditioned fear. Sleep, 32(1), 19–26.

(11)Treur, J. (2011). Dreaming your fear away: A computational model for fear extinction learning during dreaming. Neural Information Processing.

(12)Jung, C. G., Hull, R. F., & Shamdasani, S. (2010). Dreams (2010 ed.). Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Images

[1] Fight or Flight. Digital image. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/files/images/fight%20or%20flight.gif>.

[2]Scared. Digital image. Pintrest. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://media-cache-ec0.pinimg.com/736x/a3/3a/d0/a33ad0f62304243f9f6881a902ac4a9b.jpg>.

[3]Beach. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://mama-beach.com/mama2/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/photodune-4088822-beauty-beach-and-limestone-rocks-l.jpg>.

[4]Bonfire. Digital image. Clip Art. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <https://encrypted-tbn3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:ANd9GcT9UHaORAUBnbf0a4UejRGdtIxpLRz0hvW0dtgaydhF3e52IWJoRw>.

[5]Brain Outline. Digital image. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://media.timeout.com/blogimages/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/brain-outline.jpg>.

[6]Myers, Anne L. Hippocampus. Digital image. 2000. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://guardianlv.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Image-showing-the-Hippocampus-in-the-human-brain.jpg>.

[7]Thumbs up Comic. Digital image. Comic Vine. Web. 23 Mar. 2014. <http://static.comicvine.com/uploads/original/13/132681/3146760-fallout_thumbs_up_all_teh_pics-s379x395-222893.jpg>.

What are the benefits of bad dreams?
Conscious reflection and analysis of our bad dreams gives us insight into our waking concerns and provide us with a means of addressing them.
Hypothesis
What we found
- relationship between the experience of a stressor and dreaming about that stressor (1)
Participants reported an increased amount of that particular stressor compared to participants in the low stress condition
Coping Mechanism (2)
Those who dreamt about their ex-spouses rated themselves as better able to adapt to their new life
POST-DREAMING REFLECTION (3)
Therapy for the repercussions of bad dreams : the 4 R's of relief

-Reassurance, Rescripting, Rehearsal, and
Resolution

Hartmann's Theory of the Functions of Dreaming:

Addressing emotional concerns through pictorial metaphors
Jung and Freud; fathers of psycho-analysis and dream analysis
We can learn from our subconscious, and apply it to our conscious (reality)
Help us understand our habits and tendencies,contradictory and conflicting thoughts that we may be experiencing
To psycho-analyze our dreams:
understand and interpret the psychical significance

How do you analyze a dream?
documentation
associations
relationship with people
day residue
emotion during the dream
does your dream involve any of our theories?

Bad dreams provide us with various theories on the benefits, among which include threat simulation, fear extinction, problem identification, and problem solving.

=
WITH LOVE,
TEAM CUTE

SPECIAL THANKS
TO DARREN LIU
FOR HIS WISDOM!

QUESTIONS? FEEDBACK?
P
rofessional Communication
P
eer/
P
ersonal Evaluation
P
roblem Identification
- coming up with and refining a question

- the problem: how to become better attuned
with ourselves, how to address unconscious concerns
THE GOOD:
Equal effort from every member
Voicing concerns and providing one another with feedback

THE BAD AND THE UGLY:
Initial slow start
Shallow, rushed evaluation of initial question
Too much focus placed on the project instead of process

IMPROVEMENTS:
- start tasks earlier, evaluate our progress earlier and more in depth
P
roblem Solving
- keeping dream journals
- researching through books, articles, papers
- voicing our concerns and providing one another with feedback
- asking our peer tutor Darren for direction and feedback
P
ersonal Awareness
- gaining insight into ourselves through dream reflections
- strengths and weaknesses as a group member
(6,7) [1]
P
eer Collaboration
- teaching one another and inquiring about respective researched parts

- developing and further refining the question and the solution as a group
(9)
(10)
Our Answer
Rachel is on a dimly lit beach with her family. While walking, she encounters a scary looking man. He questions her and "comes on" to her. She feels very uncomfortable and firmly declines his offers. She rejoins her family.
Rachel's Bad Dream: A Case Study
A Map!
- How and why does Rachel encounter this dream?
- A walkthrough of Rachel's bad dream with 4 proposed benefits: threat simulation, fear extinction, problem identification, and problem solving
- Why is this important and why does it matter?
- Our group process
Dealing with the Problems
We discussed trying to modify and salvage the "money saving" project for a while, but it became apparent that this was not going to work out.
We then decided that it was okay to return to the drawing board, and brainstormed new ideas
The Dream Begins





The Man
The Fire
Rachel rejoins her family around a small campfire on the beach. Everyone is fighting and the atmosphere is very tense. After a while, the fire dies down to embers. Rachel and her family cross the road together, making their way to beachhouse.
The Coffee Cup Lid
Rachel and her family leave the campfire, and start crossing a busy two way road towards their house on the other side. The members of her family dodge traffic and make it to the other side. However, her mother drops her coffee cup lid and goes back into traffic for it.
[2-7]
The Fire and Crossing Roads

Referring back to the fire on the beach, Rachel and her family were fighting and the tone was very tense. She was being sassy to her mother, and her brothers were fist fighting. Once the fire burnt out the family proceeded to cross the road together.
Full transcript