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Displacement patterns in protracted insecurity situations

The case of Dar Sila, 2005-2009

prisca b

on 28 April 2010

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Transcript of Displacement patterns in protracted insecurity situations

Return of IDPs in conditions of protracted insecurity Dar Sila, East Chad, 2005-2009 Causes Security = Returns Returns = Security Deby's politics Sudan-Chad relations Consequences 185,000 IDPs (2008) Widespread insecurity Land? “On our initiative, Europe has succeeded in bringing
security to Eastern Chad. Thanks to the 3,000 Eufor troops (coming from 17 European countries) a
quarter of the displaced persons have been able to go home" MAP QUESTIONS?
Returns Are returns occurring? Spillover effect "Since 2008, between 20,000 and 25,000 people have returned to their villages in the face of food insecurity and a lack of sources of income in IDP sites, but they have gone back to very unstable conditions." (OCHA, 30 November 2009). Displacement Why people fled? “push factors”:
“the effects of armed conflict, situations of generalized violence, violations of human rights or natural or human-made disasters” (Guiding Principles)
(ICRC) “some who flee may not run directly from fighting or attacks, but from the economic consequences and disrupted access to essential goods and services” "pull factors":
Social networks,
Income opportunities... New economics of migration
Household as unit of analysis Migration as risk reduction strategy Migration to maximize utility In some sites, the World Food Program (WFP) stopped food distributions from
September 2008 to March 2009. "ICRC and other humanitarians who worry that the “pull”
of camp services only adds to the “push” of conflict. Fear and insecurity drive people from their homes but the lure of social services way beyond anything they have ever experienced may encourage the flight, or even advance it. Sometimes the “pull” might be the decisive factor.
You can create an environment that is so much better than where people came from that they just will not return.” (ICRC 2009)
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