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FRANKENSTEIN ´S ANALYSIS: Rousseau ´s ideas in literature
Transcript of FRANKENSTEIN ´S ANALYSIS: Rousseau ´s ideas in literature
FRANKENSTEIN'S LITERARY ANALYSIS
Rousseau's ideas in literature
When Rousseau was 10, his father left him with his uncle
He was apprenticed to an engraver.
1728: He ran away from Geneva.
He spent much of his youth
pursuing his strong interest in music.
He served as the secretary to the French ambassador in Venice.
After completing this job, he returned to Paris
In Paris, He met Therese Levausseur.
He had five children with Therese.
Rousseau abandoned all of his children.
His poor parenting received a great criticism.
He was born in Geneva.
His father was watchmaker.
His mother died shortly after his birth.
June 12-28, 1712
Political and philosophical movements:
Mother and Father
Events during her life:
Her mother´s death;
The death of three of her four children;
The suicides of Fanny Godwin and Harriet Shelley;
Last years and Death
Back to England;
Dedicated to her writings, but worried her son;
Published Frankestein in 1831;
Died in 1851.
• MAN IN THE STATE OF
NATURE IS GOOD
"Of my creation and creator I was absolutely ignorant, but I knew that I possessed no money, no friends, no kind of property. I was, besides, endued with a figure hideously deformed and loathsome; I was not even of the same nature"
"There was non among the myriads of men that existed who would pity or assist me; and should I feel kindness towards my enemies? No: from that moment I declared everlasting war against the species, and, more than all, against him who had formed me and sent me forth to this insupportable misery."
"I had saved a human being from destruction, and as a recompense, I now writhed under the miserable pain of a wound(...) The feelings of kindness and gentleness which I had entertained but a few moments before gave place to hellish rage and gnashing of teeth. Inflamed by pain, I vowed eternal hatred and vengeance to all mankind."
"I gazed on my victim, and my heart swelled with exultation and hellish triumph: clapping my hands, I exclaimed, 'I, too, can create desolation; my enemy is not invulnerable; this death will carry despair to him, and a thousand other miseries shall torment and destroy him.'
• SOCIETY CORRUPTS MEN
Based in Rousseau's two main principles exposed in his essay "A Discourse on Inequality"
"(...) Believe me, Frankestein, I was benevolent; my soul glowed with love and humanity(..)"
"(..)I felt light, and hunger, and thirst, and darkness; innumerable sounds rang in my ears, and on all sides various scents saluted me; the only object that I could distinguish was the bright moon, and I fixed my eyes on that with pleasure (...)
"I was enabled to assist their labours. I found that the youth spent a great part of each day in collecting wood for the family fire, and during the night I often took his tools, the use of which I quickly discovered, and brought home firing sufficient for the consumption of several days"
‘I cannot describe to you the agony that these reflections inflicted upon me; I tried to dispel them, but sorrow only increased with knowledge. Oh, that I had forever remained in my native wood, nor known nor felt beyond the sensations of hunger, thirst and heat"
Everything is good as it leaves the hands of the author of things, everything degenerates in the hands of man. (...) He turns everything upside down, he disfigures everything, he loves deformities, monsters. He wants nothing as nature made it, not even man himself'
Birth and first years
Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin was born on 30 August 1797, in London;
Her mother died a few days after her birth;
She was brought up by Godwin and his wife.
In 1814, Mary began a relationship with Percy Shelley;
Her father was opposed to this relationship;
They ran away and spent a few years travelling;(Ginebra)
They got married in 1816, after Harriet´s death.
She was not formally educated;
Encouraged by her father;
Sent by her father, spent a couple of months in Scotland (Baxters´house);
Inmersed in an intellectual atmosphere
Death and depression
Death of their second and third children;
Frankestein´s first edition is published.
In 1822 Shelley died, drowned.
Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley
It was an age of rebels against current beliefs and customs.
In contrast with the formal order and rationality of the Age of reason
The glory and beauty of nature and the power of the natural world was emphasized
Use of imagination to make the world new again.
It was the supreme faculty of the mind
Poetry becomes the most popular literary form and the best way of individual expression.
Also the notions of romantic love, mystery and superstition appeared.
It is known as the age of revolutions:
French Revolution: Ideas of freedom, brotherhood and equality.
Industrial Revolution: the working class became the most important class
18th to 19th century
FRANKENSTEIN, CHAPTER 13
"Julie or the New Heloise"
"The Social Contract"
He left France to avoid arrest
One of the most influential thinkers
Late 18th century
Julie d’Etange and St. Preux.
NOT a work of philosophy per se.
- Individual VS. societal norms
-Emotions VS. reason
-The goodness of human nature
State of nature
-NO idea of good and evil
Permanent social relationships
-BASIC conceptions of property
-Feelings of competition
-Agriculture and metallurgy
THE BEST ONE
-Division of labor
-STRICT NOTIONS OF PROPERTY
STATE OF WAR