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Industrial Waste

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by

Nirusha Shanmuganathan

on 27 November 2013

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Transcript of Industrial Waste

Introduction
Many people all over the world don't understand how industries affect the planet. They affect us and our environment greatly. All around us chemicals are being dumped onto the land we stand on, but now it is time to make a change. Throughout this presentation we will be talking about:
What is industrial waste
Where it comes from
How it affects us
Various types of industrial waste
How it impacts us and the environment
And how we can make a change.

What can be done
Industrial waste is the waste produced by industrial activity, such as factories, mills and mines and it is defined as waste generated by manufacturing or industrial process. Toxic waste, chemical waste, industrial solid waste and municipal solid waste are examples of industrial waste. Some products such as pesticides, cleaning fluids, or paints can be characterized as hazardous waste. Hazardous wastes are a threat to human and environmental life. Hazardous wastes include materials such as waste acids, biomedical wastes from hospitals, photo finishing chemicals, waste pesticides, motor oil, unused cleaning products from homes and discarded batteries. Industrial waste pollutes our water. It produces toxic wastes that are extremely harmful to people and the environment. These pollutants include lead, oils, phosphates, asbestos, mercury and nitrates. Industrial waste should be reduced to make the environment a better place.
Radioactive Waste
A type of waste that is formed by industries is radioactive waste.
Radioactive wastes are the leftovers from the use of nuclear materials for the production of electricity, diagnosis and treatment of disease, and other purposes.
Radioactive waste is extremely dangerous.
it can pollute our water systems and will affect what we eat from those polluted water bodies.
Industrial Waste
Urban, agricultural, and forestry land use
Urban land use

Where Does It Come From?
Factories emit smoke into the atmosphere which comes from them manufacturing products
Extra oil, lead, and other harmful substances or chemicals are dumped into the water by some pipelines
Industrial waste is commonly found in water or in large areas that industries use as a junkyard
What is industrial waste?
References
http://www.safewater.org/PDFS/knowthefacts/IndustrialWaste.pdf
Nuclear Waste
http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/environment/en/subject/hazardous_waste/STDPROD_080435.html
There are many ways to reduce the amount of industrial waste we see. By recycling your waste, you reduce the amount of materials that need to be manufactured and that reduces greenhouse gas emissions (which keeps our environment clean)
Change the format of the product
Reduce or eliminate hazardous materials that enter the production process
Use technology to make changes to the production process; equipment, layout or piping, or operating conditions
Purchase what you need to avoid waste from unwanted materials
Did you know?
Did you know that waste is linked with global climate change? How? The manufacturing and use of products - as well as the resulting waste - all use energy that end up as greenhouse gas emissions such as carbon dioxide, and cause climate change.
http://www.epa.gov/greenhomes/ReduceWaste.htm
http://www.nrc.gov/reading-rm/doc-collections/nuregs/brochures/br0216/
Did you know?
Did you know that american industrial facilities generate and dispose approximately 7.6 billion tons of industrial solid waste each year
Conserve water by turning off the tap when you're not using it
Know what you are throwing into the sink
Be mindful of the amount of fertilizers you use
Help the environment by throwing litter in it's place.
Reducing waste
Keep water clean
http://www.water-pollution.org.uk/preventingyou.html
Conclusion
Industrial waste affects humans and the environment and many don't think of it as an issue. We should be more aware of what goes on around us. There are many ways to reduce waste and also many ways to keep our water clean. If we all pitch in, work together, and try, we can make a change.
is the material that nuclear fuel is turned into after being in a reactor
is kept underwater
stays underwater for a few years
radiation slowly decays underwater
How it affects us

Can pollute our water systems if dumped into bodies of water.
Loss of money to filter polluted water.
Loss of fresh water
Can kill aquatic animals that live in water and can also put us at a health risk if we eat the polluted animals.
If dumped on land, it can kill plants and pollute the ground water below the surface.
http://www.ehow.com/about_6129669_toxic-waste-effects-people.html

Burning waste releases greenhouse gasses
GHG are contributors to global climate
waste that is disposed in landfills decomposes, resulting in the release of both methane and carbon dioxide
Link between waste and climate change
http://www.scrd.ca/files/File/Infrastructure/Sustainability/Garbage%20&%20Climate%20Change(2).pdf
Impact of Mining
Even though mining can roll in a lot of money
it still has great affects on our planet.
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-does-mining-affect-the-environment.html
Mining requires open space, to make open space animal habitats are destroyed.
Also a lot of deforestation occurs during mining, which can reduce the greenland we have.
A lot of chemicals from mining are released into the air and water, which pollutes the air and water making surviving tougher.
Some animals can be killed in the process of the pollutants being released.
What human activities cause industrial wastes?
Sources of industrial waste
Produced through industrial activities
Man made things like factories have chemicals that are released
The smoke (chemicals) pollutes our atmosphere which makes the issue of global warming larger
When mining we destroy green space and reduce the amount of trees
Industrial wastes are only caused by human activities
Point and non-point sources
point source means the single source that is identified
non point sources are not that easily identified
they are usually associated with land use
not usually an individual source
there is urban land use, agricultural land use, and forestry land use
http://www.epa.vic.gov.au/your-environment/water/protecting-victorias-waters/point-and-nonpoint-sources-of-water-pollution
storm water from street surfaces may have contaminants in it
in industrial areas, it could have toxins
storm water can get into and affect waterways
Agricultural land use
pesticides, fertilizers, animal manure, and soil can get washed up into streams
can foul the water
Forestry land use
increasing soil erosion can pollute streams
http://eschooltoday.com/pollution/water-pollution/causes-of-water-pollution.html
http://www.grinningplanet.com/2005/09-06/water-pollution-causes-article.htm
Air pollution
Oil and It's Impacts
pollutants such as mercury deposits from the air
causes problems such as mercury contamination in the fish
most air pollution that affects water comes from coal fired power plants
When oil is dumped into the water it can be very harmful to marine life
Does not dissolve in water which can suffocate the fish after a certain time period
Humans soon eat some aquatic animals and if they are poisoned from the harmful pollutants the humans will be prone to many diseases
Industrial waste is waste produced by industries
mostly from factories, mills, and mines
sewage treatment is being used to clean water which has traces of industrial waste
Examples of industrial waste
paint
sand paper
paper products
metals
radioactive wastes
The future of industrial waste
more waste will be produced in the future.
if continued, can be very bad for human life
waste is expected to double over the next 20 years
there are several projects which are trying to reduce the amount of waste produced
By: Aruchana, Takwa, Nirusha, and Kavisan
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