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Transcript of Huckleberry Finn
Mark Twain His name was Samuel Langhorne Clemens and his parents were John Marshall and Jane Lampton Clemens. - In 1839, when he was 4 years old his family moved 35 miles east to the town of Hannibal.
- A growing port city that lies along the banks of the Mississippi.
Mother strict, witty, loving, & kind
died of pneumonia when Samuel was 12. - He was said to have grown up in a loveless household
- His parents didn’t seem happy with each other
- He had never seen his dad laugh
- The only time they seemed to be together was when his
younger brother Benjamin was dying. Parents When Samuel was 12 he left school to become a printer's apprentice. He didn’t like this job, he found it invaluable so he went to work as a newspaper man in St. Louis, Philadelphia and Cincinnati but once again he wasn’t happy. When he was younger he thought that being a steam boat pilot was the most glamorous and exciting career out there. He eventually became one and that’s when he took the name “Mark Twain” it was a term used by riverboat pilots to mean “two fathoms: safe water”. - At 22 he met Horace Bixby a river pilot and became his apprentice.
- He spent 4 years there and said it was the happiest time of his life.
- It ended however when the Civil War interrupted the river traffic.
- He tried other things before he decided to go back to journalism where he started writing various articles for newspapers and magazines. He was born Nov. 30, 1835 in the small town of Florida, Missouri His first book was “The celebrated Frog of Calaveras County and Other Sketches” published in 1865.
It wasn’t until his novel “The Innocence Abroad” published in 1869 that he achieved literary status. He then Married Olivia Langdonand in 1871 and moved to Hartford Connecticut where most of his major work had been produced for over 17 years. - In 1884/5 when
“The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”
was published he was undoubtedly one of the most influential writers in America. He had reached his peak and after 1889, he produced nothing of great significance.
His publishing firm
“The Charles L. Webster” failed and became bankrupt in 1893 because he had invested a great deal of money in a new type-setting machine that failed. Father was a judge & very stern – – – St. Petersburg Jackson's
Shooting Wilk's Funeral Ship Wreck In Chapter 12, Huck and Jim pass St. Louis In Chapter 16, Huck and Jim pass Cairo in the fog
Were planning on taking a steam boat up at the connecting river so Jim could go to freedom
Missed the Ohio River He and his family besides his eldest daughter went on a round-the-world lecture tour to acquire money and it worked. However on his journey his daughter died during 1896. He felt responsible because he was very hypersensitive and constantly indulged in self-accusation, self- denigration, and self-contempt. He went into an abyss of despair and found it helped him while writing so he completed his novel “Following the Equator” which was a book about his trip. This got him out of his debt. He was becoming affected by his health and mind. After his wife passed away in 1904 along with his other daughter in 1909 he was extremely pessimistic and cynical. He became very bitter and later passed away in 1910. Map of the Journey The Mississippi River The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Grangerford's - They take Huck in and take care of him
- They are very generous and caring
- Nobody really remembers why feud between the Shepardson's started - Their feud with the Shepherdsons shows that they stand up for themselves and can be dangerous
- They don't really think things through, they are not even sure of why there is a feud between them. They continue to fight and kill one another though. The Mississippi River was vital to the early colonization and habitation of America by Europeans. It is one of the most fertile regions of the country which, in the early to late 19th century, resulted in the steamboat era. Wilk's Family - Mary Jane ( 19, oldest)
- Very sweet & kind
- She looks out for Huck (Adolphus, servant)
- Susan (15)
- She's like her older sister Mary Jane, we don't learn much about her character though
- Joanna (14)
- She is very persistent, she doesn't believe that the the king is actually her uncle.
- She interrogates Huck (Adolphus) about England to see if he actually knows anything.
- She always seems very angry and has an attitude Before the Europeans showed up in America the Native Americans lived off of the Mississippi. When the Spanish first arrived in the New World the Mississippi was a barrier to them. Later when France and the United States of America appeared the Mississippi River was what formed the boundaries between them all. For everyday life the Mississippi River was incredibly important. It was necessary for transportation, communication, and trade. It also helped with agriculture as it was one of the most fertile regions of the country. When the ideal of Manifest Destiny became popular the river's tributaries were used to quickly travel to and colonize the Western United States in great numbers. Peter's Brothers
Harvey, William & George Wilks
- George had passed away the year before
- The Duke and the King are pretending to be Harvey (preacher) and William. Who are from England.
The Treaty of Paris in 1783 stated “The navigation of the river Mississippi, from its source to the ocean, shall forever remain free and open to the subjects of Great Britain and the citizens of the United States” In 1803 the United States bought Louisiana from the French which gave them more control of the Mississippi. They gained full control of the river when they ended the war of 1812 by beating the British in 1815. The Mississippi river was a major strategic asset during the American Civil War. The Union (the side that was anti-slavery) attempted to gain control of it and they were successful. The Union’s capture of the Mississippi River was vital to their victory over the Confederation and to the abolition of slavery in the United States. Alternative Titles The Mighty Mississippi
"Lying" Along the Mississippi Widow Douglas
- takes Huck in when his father leaves
- tries to “civilize” Huck but does it in a more gentle way than her sister
- patient and kind to Huck
- Huck talks about not wanting to disappoint her later on in the novel (guilty conscience) Huckleberry Finn
- protagonist in the story
- lives in St. Petersburg, Missouri with Widow Douglas
- young boy (13-14 years old)
- his mother died and his father is a drunk and left Huck
- his best friend is Tom Sawyer, they go on adventures together Miss Watson
- Widow Douglas’ sister
- Very hypocritical of Huck in the way he behaves
- Tries to help “civilize” Huck Pap
- Abusive drunk
- Never there for Huck
- Does what he wants
- Doesn't care about anyone but himself Tom Sawyer
- Huck's best friend
- Very imaginative
- Loves adventure
- Tells many lies (good at it)
- He's helpful
- He's has no fear Jim
- owned Miss Watson
- very superstitious about myths regarding luck and fortune
- has been separated from his family
- runs away to Jackson’s Island when he hears Miss Watson talk about selling him down south
- becomes close with Huck
- He has his fate in the hands of the other who are helping him to escape Setting - The Mississippi River is the main setting for the novel.
- Along with a couple of towns along the river including St. Petersburg & Jackson's Island The time period is around 1840 before the Civil War. "The Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn" Mississippi River's Symbolic Significance - The title of the novel explains what the book it mainly about.
- It's about a boy named Huckleberry Finn and the many adventures that he goes on. Relevance to the Novel Morality The Mississippi River, which was vital to the abolition of slavery in America, is used by both Jim and Huckleberry Finn to escape slavery. While Jim was a black man trying to escape slavery Huck was white. Huckleberry Finn's escape from his abusive father was something that no one would consider the wrong thing to do. It was used in comparison to Jim's escape from slavery because people would sympathize with Huck but then realize Jim was in very similar situation. The Mississippi River was vital to their escape from slavery and their future freedom Duke
- claims to be the
Duke of Bridgewater
- thief/scam artist
- follows the king King
- claims to be the son of King Louis XVI and heir to the French throne
- thief/scam artist
- likes to be the center of attention
- very good at coming up with lies and making them believable During the novel the Mississippi river takes Huck and Jim into danger repeatedly. They almost always used it to escape the trouble it brought to them though. During their journey along the river they encounter two criminals, slave catchers, the Grangerford family, con artists, and Tom sawyer's aunt and Uncle. Without the Mississippi they would have never encountered any of these people nor would they have of escaped slavery. Through this adventure both Huckleberry Finn and Jim mature. When Jim and Huck are first on the raft Huck feels guilty because he is letting Jim escape from slavery. Throughout the novel Huck protects Jim from slavers and in the end comes to the conclusion that Jim deserves to be free. This was possible because when they were on the Mississippi River Huck could not report Jim or he would be found and/or lonely. Phelp's Farm Phelp's Family Silas and Sally Phelps
- Tom Sawyer's Aunt & Uncle
- they are very generous to Tom (who is pretending to be his younger brother Sid), they take him in and let him stay with them
- they try to do the right thing, although it may not seem right to others (like capturing Jim to give him back to his owner)
- they are easily tricked, Tom & Huck play mind tricks on Sally
- Normal Family, only functional family in the novel. However Huck doesn't like it, he doesn't want to be "civilized". Aunt Polly
- Tom Sawyer's Aunt (Guardian)
- She's easy going, she doesn't get mad at Tom for lying Throughout the novel the Mississippi River represented freedom. While it is at first viewed as a good thing, the river repeatedly takes them into bad situations. This demonstrates that freedom isn't free and that you have to fight for it. The End!
Now lets play a game of
Jeopardy Huck inherits his fathers "morality" by observing
his behaviour. His father is a drunk who can not hold a job so therefore cannot provide for Huck. This causes him to become a thief so this does not have a positive influence on Huck's morality. It shows Huck that stealing is ok, which everyone knows is not the case. Pg 84. "Jim said it made him all over trembly and feverish to be so close to freedom. Well, I can tell you it made me all over trembly and feverish, too, to hear him, because I begun to get it through my head that he was most free-and who was to blame for it? Why, me. I couldn't get that out of my conscience, no how nor no way. It got troubling me so I couldn't rest; I couldn't stay still in one place. It hadn't ever come home to me before, what this thing was that i was doing. But now it did; and it staid with me, and scorched me more and more. Huck contemplates turning Jim in throughout the novel. He feels as though he has done wrong to Miss Watson by letting Jim run off and not saying anything about it-as if Jim is property. This time period was terrible for the treatment of Africans and any dark skinned man, woman and child. Society around Huck had taught him to refer to these Africans as slaves, and property of the white men. Huck couldn't even begin to imagine what kind of treatment that the African people encountered at their "place of employment' so therefore he did not understand as to why Jim would have to "steal" his children. Our morals are taught to us by our everyday experiences and society influences them greatly. If we are not aware of something we can not begin to understand it and decipher the difference between right and what is wrong. Jim talked out loud all the time while I was talking to myself. He was saying how the first thing he would do when he got to a free State he would go to saving up money and never spend a single cent, and when he got enough he would buy his wife, which was owned on a farm close to where Miss Watson lived; and then they would both work to buy the two children, and if their master wouldn't sell them, they'd get an Ab'litionist to go and steal them.It most froze me to hear such talk. He wouldn't ever dared to talk such talk in his life before. Just see what a difference it made in him the minute he judged he was about free. It was according to the old saying, "give a nigger an inch and he'll take an ell." Thinks I, this is what comes of my not thinking. Here was this nigger which I had as good as helped to run away, coming right out flat-footed and saying he would steal his children-children that belonged to a man I didn't even know; a man that hadn't ever done me no harm" I tried to make out to myself that I warn't to blame, because I didn't run Jim off from his rightful owner; but it warn't no use, conscience up and says, every time, "but you knowed he was running for his freedom, and you could a paddled ashore and told somebody" That was so-I couldn't get around that, noway. That was where it pinched. Conscience says to me, "What did that poor old woman do to you, that you could see her nigger go off right under your eyes and never say one single word? What did that poor old woman do to you, that you could treat her so mean? Why, she tried to learn you your book, she tried to learn you your manners, she tried to be good to you every way she knowed how. That's what she done.... Huck is forced to reconcile his personal feelings of friendship for an escaped slave with what society has told him is "right," Later on throughout the story Huck begins to trust his internal instincts. "Every night now I used to slip
ashore towards ten o' clock at
some little village, and buy ten or
fifteen cents worth of meal or
bacon or something to eat; and
sometimes I lifted a chicken that
warn't roosting comfortable,
and took him along. Pap always said, take a chicken when you get a chance, because if you don't want him for yourself you can easily find someone that does, and a good deed aint never forgot. I never see pap when he didnt want the chicken himself, but that is what he used to say anyway. Like Father Like Son Moral of Huckleberry Finn At the end of the novel, Huck discovers
that people shouldn't be discriminated
against because of their race, and that
slavery is morally wrong. Peter Wilks Daughters