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Samantha Lorraine Efa

on 7 September 2014

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Marcelo H. Del Pilar (1850-1896)
The friars control the status quo of the country.
The moderating power of the parish priest may be useful to society to balance and harmonize the interests of the people and the institutions.
To frighten the government with the rebelliousness of the country, and frighten the country with the despotism of the government.
The lack of union between the people and the government.
Diversity of languages
The privilege to vote is in the hands of the curate.
In performance of their duties, the municipal officials depend on the parish priest.
Public education is one of the common aspirations of both the government and the Filipinos.
The Superior Decree of 12 September 1883
The personal security of the citizens is equally endangered by monastic power.
The danger to national integrity is the friar’s hobby of imposing their preponderance in the Philippines.


Lacks resources to undertake public works.
Establishes primary schools in each town.
Find thousand obstacles from tax paying public.
Worries about meeting financial needs.
Refrains from creating new sources of revenue.

Build grand convents and spacious palace in curates.
Friar curates has stable place.

The public pay because of return for heavenly promises.
Overflowing with money.

Friars invent new forms of devotion.

The amortization of lands
Ignorance and fanaticism
Subject to land tithes of ten percent.

The tax of Religious Festivals.
Papal decree of May 2 1867
Hermanos Mayores
The dues of the stole and foot of the altar are a legitimate source of revenue of the priesthood.
Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufina
Tariff Schedule
Filipinos pay the friars another tribute for miraculous objects.
Belts, rosaries, scapulars, cords and other objects.
Relations of the friars in the Philippines in Spanish-Filipino Church.

Bishops VS. The Friars
Bishop Domingo Salazar
Regulars VS. Seculars
Archbishop Basilio Sancho de Santa Justa y Rufina
Laws of Civil Authority
Raised by Terrero and Quiroga.
Gen. Molto
issued a circular to help the friars.

First bishop of Manila
Friars like Father Andres Aguirre and Father Alonso de la Vera-Cruz.

Archbishop of Manila who is in the side of the natives and seculars.

Marcelo H. Del Pilar was a Philippine revolutionary propagandist and satirist.

Marcelo Del Pilar was born in Kupang, Bulacan, on Aug. 30, 1850, to cultured parents. He studied at the Colegio de San José and later at the University of Santo Tomas, where he finished his law course in 1880.
Fired by a sense of justice against the abuses of the clergy, Del Pilar attacked bigotry and hypocrisy and defended in court the impoverished victims of racial discrimination. He preached the gospel of work, self-respect, and human dignity. His mastery of Tagalog, his native language, enabled him to arouse the consciousness of the masses to the need for unity and sustained resistance against the Spanish tyrants.

In 1882 Del Pilar founded the newspaper Diariong Tagalog to propagate democratic liberal ideas among the farmers and peasants. In 1888 he defended José Rizal's polemical writings by issuing a pamphlet against a priest's attack, exhibiting his deadly wit and savage ridicule of clerical follies.
In 1888, fleeing from clerical persecution, Del Pilar went to Spain, leaving his family behind.

In December 1889 he succeeded Graciano Lopez Jaena as editor of the Filipino reformist periodical La solidaridad in Madrid.

Under Del Pilar, the aims of the newspaper were expanded to include removal of the friars and the secularization of the parishes; active Filipino participation in the affairs of the government; freedom of speech, of the press, and of assembly; wider social and political freedoms; equality before the law; assimilation; and representation in the Spanish Cortes, or Parliament.

Del Pilar's difficulties increased when the money to support the paper was exhausted and there still appeared no sign of any immediate response from the Spanish ruling class.

Before he died of tuberculosis caused by hunger and enormous privation, Del Pilar rejected the assimilationist stand and began planning an armed revolt. He vigorously affirmed this conviction: "Insurrection is the last remedy, especially when the people have acquired the belief that peaceful means to secure the remedies for evils prove futile." This idea inspired Andres Bonifacio's Katipunan, a secret revolutionary organization. Del Pilar died in Barcelona on July 4, 1896.

His most important work was the Soberania Monacal en Filipinas or the Monastic Supremacy in the Philippines. This pamphlet denounced the friars for their wrong teaching which had resulted in a life of poverty and misery of the Filipinos. To hide his real identity form the Spaniards, he wrote under the pen name of Plaridel.

Miguel Lopez de Legazpi
Dahi Sikatuna

Monastic orders
Charles V and Philip II
Magellan and Del Cano
Luna's brush
Blood Compact
Caroline Island
Parish curates' stipend
Has no fixed amount
aliqout part the cedula tax
-(July 18, 1884) computed at the rate of Php180 for every 1000 cedulas from first to ninth class
(Feb 27, 1888) changed at fixed amount of 12.50% of total value of cedulas, according to the census of locality
All officials in charge for collection, administration collect for their renumeration a certain percentage of the amount collected
Parish monopoly of the census
Each chief or head of barangays are the in charge of collecting of tributes to be turned over to public treasury
Neighborhood census was done by adding new residents and eliminating the deceased and those who had moved to another place
(Sept 20, 1851) circular order that gave to curates direct intervention in making the census
The heads of brgy became the mere copyist of parish census
Parish census does not recognize any drop except what is recorded in the registry book of burials
(May 6, 1884) royal decree established the tax for all inhabitants from age of 18
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