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Legends of Weather (Weather Mythology and Legends Science Project)
Transcript of Legends of Weather (Weather Mythology and Legends Science Project)
4/15/13 Legends of Weather MYTHOLOGY AND LEGENDS Mythology is a collection of legends of a certain religion and/or culture. Often times they are passed down by storytelling. They were also told by singing, drumming, writing, or drawing.
In ancient times, nobody had advanced technology to interpret weather patterns, such as thunder and lightning, snow, or tornadoes. These patterns that people didn't understand were turned into tales and legends that were easy enough to understand.
All myths were influenced by their own environment as well. Good actions would provoke good weather; likewise, bad actions provoked bad weather. NATIVE AMERICAN WEATHER MYTHS GREEK/ROMAN WEATHER MYTHS In Native American cultures, they believed weather to be a "blend of physical and spiritual parts". Storytelling, singing, drumming, depiction on pottery, dolls, baskets, blankets, masks, totem poles, robes, and more were used to pass down the myths. The Thunderbird is an example of a Native American weather myth. It was a massive, fearless predatory bird. Legend says that lightning strikes from its beak and thunder is produced by the powerful beating of its wings. Sightings of the bird are rare, because it likes to fly in the dark, gray storm clouds. In Greek/Roman culture, myths created because it was inspiring, mysterious and fascinating. They believed Earth was flat, shaped like a circle, Mount Olympus was the home of gods right in the center, and towns and cities all around. Roman mythology is heavily influenced and connected to Greek mythology.
In Greek/Roman Mythology, there are specific gods and goddesses of weather. There are gods of wind, breezes, whirlwinds, “sharp sudden gusts of wind", snow, lightning and thunder, and more.
There are gods of directional wind called The Anemoi. In human form, they took shape of men who breathed wind.
The northern wind was named Boreas, the west wind was named Zephyros, the southern wind was named Notos and the eastern wind was named Euros. EGYPTIAN WEATHER MYTHS Although there are not many specific gods of weather in Egyptian culture, people prayed to personal/specific gods for weather problems. NORSE WEATHER MYTHS SET God of storms TEFNUT Goddess of
moisture SHU God of
air Shu is the god of air, or wind. He is usually seen as holding up the sky goddess and the earth god would be at his feet. Sailors often worshiped him because he would provide wind for their sails. Tefnut is the goddess of moisture - otherwise
known as dew, rain, or mist. She is usually
depicted as a lioness or a woman with a lion
head. She is often worshiped by people living
on coastlines because she could also control
oceans. Set is the god of storms, but he does
not fully take charge of storms. Set
deals with unusual weather events
that Egyptians didn't typically
understand, such as eclipses,
earthquakes and thunderstorms. THE WIND EAGLE LEGEND - WHY IS THERE WIND? IRIS, GODDESS OF RAINBOWS - WHY THERE ARE RAINBOWS? A Greek Legend NJORD - NORSE GOD OF SEA AND WINDS An Abenaki Legend The legend of the Wind Eagle tells us of why the wind blows.
There once was a man named Gluscabi. One day he decided to paddle upstream to go hunt in the woods. While he was paddling, he found that the wind was blowing extremely hard against him, and it was very difficult to go anywhere. He consulted his grandmother of what he should do, and she told him to paddle and walk directly against the wind.
He did so, and soon came across the Wind Eagle, who also happened to be his grandfather. Gluscabi requested that his grandfather would take him to the mountain peak, where he could hunt.
His grandfather complied. Gluscabi rode on his back to the mountain top, but he trapped the Wind Eagle in a crevice, happy that now he couldn't anymore wind by flapping his wings.
However, the air soon grew so hot that Gluscabi couldn't breathe, and the rivers started to smell bad and foam. This was all the deed of Gluscabi, because the Wind Eagle couldn't produce any wind to keep the air fresh. He decided to go back and release the Wind Eagle. He told the Wind Eagle afterwards: "Uncle, some times is good that the wind blows, but other times its good that it should be still." This is why the wind blows, and other times it is still. THE POMOLA BIRD SPIRIT - WHY IS THERE COLD WEATHER? An Abenaki and Penobscots Legend According to the Penobscot Indians, there lived an evil bird spirit atop Mt. Katahdin in the Appalachian Mountains, called the Pamola.
As the protector of the mountain and the god of thunder, this bird spirit was said to have the head of a moose, body of a man and have the wings and feet of an eagle.
This creature is associated with bad weather, such as storms, wind, and snow. This legend tell us of
why there is cold weather. There is a story that many years ago, there was a Penobscot Indian who was hunting near Mt. Katahdin. One night, there was a heavy snowstorm, and by next morning he found that he could not return home. He decided to call out to the Pamola bird, and once he appeared, the Indian burned fat and oil as a sacrifice to the god. As the Pamola bird neared, he offered more sacrifices. Finally, the Indian said, "Yon are welcome, partner." The Pamola bird liked that, and took the Indian up Mt. Katahdin to visit his family. The Indian married the Pamola bird's daughter, but he was warned that if he married anyone else, the Indian would have to return to Mt. Katahdin forever. The next year, the Indian returned to his village, where he was persuaded to marry another girl. He did so, and was then transported to Mt. Katahdin, and was never heard from since. This is why the Pamola bird is feared among the Abenaki and Penobscots; and this is why there is cold weather. According to the Greeks, there was a beautiful goddess of rainbows. Her name was Iris.
She had golden wings, a herald's rod, and sometimes carried a water pitcher.
Her job was to be a messenger of the Olympian gods to the mortals on Earth. Her ways of transportation was walking on the arc of a rainbow that connected the ocean and the sky. The Greeks believed that after every storm, she had to carry water from the oceans to the clouds to replenish the water.
Though this goddess doesn't have any specific myths of her own, the ancient Greeks still worshiped her often. CITATIONS PAGE INFORMATION Atsma, Aaron J. "IRIS: Greek Goddess of the Rainbow." IRIS: Greek Goddess of the Rainbow. Theoi Project, 2011. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
D'Aulaire, Ingri, and Edgar Parin. D'Aulaire. D'Aulaire's Book of Greek Myths. Doubleday Book for Young Readers: n.p., 1962. Print.
Ferguson, Diana. Native American Myths. London: Collins & Brown, 2001. Print.
Hill, J. "Set (Seth)." Gods of Ancient Egypt:. Ancient Egypt Online, 2010. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Hill, J. "Shu." Gods of Ancient Egypt:. Ancient Egypt Online, 2010. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Hill, J. "Tefnut." Ancient Egyptian Gods; Wadjet. Ancient Egypt Online, 2010. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
"Legendary Native American Figures: Pomola (Pamola, Bemola)." Pomola (Pamola, Pamole, Bemola, Bmola, the Wind Bird). Native Languages, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
McCoy, Dan. "Norse Mythology." Norse Mythology. Norse Mythology, 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Mizrach, Steve. "Native American Thunderbird." Phoenixarises. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. <http://www.phoenixarises.com/phoenix/legends/thunder.htm>.
"Norse Mythology." Encyclopedia Mythica:. Ed. M. F. Lindemans. Pantheon, 1 Mar. 2011. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Optima. "Iris, Goddess of the Rainbow." Minds Behind The Myth. The Mind Behind The Myths, 22 Jan. 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
"Pamola." Pamola, A Penobscot Legend. Native Languages, 2012. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
"THE WIND EAGLE LEGEND(ABENAKI LEGEND)." The Wind Eagle, an Abenaki Legend. Read-Legends-and-Myths, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. PICTURES, all comes from Google Images Lyons, Mark. Orion and Taurus. N.d. Photograph. Suntrek. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
"Wind God." GodswillChurch. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013.
Wordpress. Thegrownupya, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2013. } Thor, the son of Odin, is one of the major gods in Norse mythology. He was the god of thunder. His hammer, the Mjollnir (which means and represents lightning) is his favorite and most famous symbol. Scandinavians saw him as a great man who slayed evil giants in his chariot. Norse mythology was myths from countries such as Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Iceland. The Vikings were the ones who mainly worshiped Norse gods and goddesses. ZEPHYR - WHERE DOES THE WORD "ZEPHYR" COME FROM? "Primavera", which means "spring" in Spanish, was painted in 1478 by Sandro Botticelli. Zephyr is on the far right, chasing after the nymph. The Greek god of the western wind, Zephyr, was the gentlest of all wind gods. This wind brought warm, spring air. Though Zephyr does not have any specific stories of his own, he is the reason why the word "Zephyr" means a "soft, gentle breeze." This god's name is where the word "Zephyr" comes from. Njord, the god of the sea and winds, is an important god to sailors. He helps ships and helps good winds carry them home and calms down storms. Sailors often worship him to help them through rough seas. It is also said that he has the ability to calm fire. This deity has no story of his own, but he is an extremely important and sacred god to Scandinavians.