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The Romantic Era

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Qian Shi

on 10 April 2013

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Transcript of The Romantic Era

Romantic Era The Janet-----Ashley----Qian History Art & Literature Philosophies Qian Ashley Janet History Early-mid 1800's
Revolt against convention
Freedom and expression against neoclassicalism
In tune with emotions, self, and nature
Movement in attitude, spirit, culture, and aesthetic style
Heroes, sentiment, nostalgia, melancholy, anguish- romance Revolt: The Early Hippie Movement -Emphasis on the depth of the common man
-Social divides were evident; Liberalism gained
popularity with the poor
-Against the aristocratic + political conservative
nature of the Enlightenment Era
-An era of radical change: Revolution
-cautious political and social adjustments to
the new world How Did It Start? Political Influences -Rooted in the German "Sturm und Drang"
Movement: emotion over rationality
-Influenced by American and French
Revolutions
-Napoleonic Wars; social and political change
-The confines of industrialization acted as a
catalyst for this movement- an escape from
clutter and capitalism Romantic Era 1800 French Revolution 1789 The Great Reform Bill 1832 Industrial Revolution 1712 American Revolution 1776 Napoleon: Emperor of France 1804 End of Romantic Era 1837 Art & Literature Philosophies Sturm und Drang 1770 I Wandered
Lonely as a Cloud William Wordsworth Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog Caspar David Friedrich 1818 Nature Mystery "The Halted Traveler" Overflow of Feelings "Imitation of human life, on men and their actions" "Overflow of powerful feelings, thoughts, experiences and imagination of the author himself" Also natural/human objects that modify these feelings
Use of First Person perspective
Personal, private work Spontaneity and Freedom "Literature is a supreme art, one that only skilled craftsmen aware of its rules may practice" "A spontaneous overflow of feelings, free from all rules and foreseen ends, produced free of labour of study by men of feeling" - Impulse and emotion
- Experimentation on poetic language, versification, design, different directions Closeness to Nature "Nature is a mechanical world of moving particles" "Nature is a metaphysical concept: what is it and
what is it like? " - Raise an emotional problem/personal crisis that develop/resolute principals of work
- Imbue landscape with human life, passion, expression
- Natural objects and symbols Glorification of the
Commonplace "Glorify heroes protecting their honour and duty" "Glorify the incidents and situations from a humble and rustic life" - Use of dialogue
- Focus on imperfection and failures
- Isolation: rejected by or rejecting society
- Shake readers out of custom, refresh sense of wonder
- Wordsworth: respected the outcast and delinquent Supernatural and
Strangeness "The supernatural is trivial and too aberrant for serious literary concern" "Achieve wonder by violating natural laws and ordinary events" - Mystery, magic, superstition, demonology, hypnotism, children
- Set in distant, faraway places
- Impress readers on powers and unknown modes
- Realized man's access to the infinite, through imagination "Change in man's imaginative vision" Self Awareness vs. Enlightenment -Experience, art, creativity and and self-awareness developed their own moral values -Rejected enlightenment, which used
reason to challenge tradition and faith using
the scientific method Caspar David Friedrich (1774-1840) German landscape painter
contemplative figures in mysterious, natural settings
subjective, emotional response to the natural world
appreciation of spirituality and re-evaluation of the natural world Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog (1818) J. M. W. Turner (1775-1851) British Romantic landscape painter, and print-maker
fascinated by the mood of nature, particularly the power of the ocean
interested in natural catastrophes, and natural phenomena such as sunlight, storm, rain, and fog
"divine emanation" William Blake (1757-1827) English poet and artist
ahead of his time
“I must create a system or be enslaved by another man’s,” so he created his own system of mythology
poems very symbolic and spiritual in nature Songs of Innocence (1789)
poetry collection written from the child’s point of view, of innocent wonderment and spontaneity in natural settings Songs of Experience (1794) contrasts the state of innocence with the state of experience as the child matures becomes tainted by fear, political corruption, and social oppression English poet and English lyrical poet, critic, and philosopher
criticized poetic diction and artificial rules of the Neoclassical Era and instead focused on common life “in a selection of language really used by men”
according to Wordsworth, good poetry is “the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings” publication of Lyrical Ballads (1798) marked the beginning of English Romanticism
collection of poems in which the common theme is the influence of nature on the mind and imagination, and the wish to return to the original state of nature, in which people led a purer existence William Wordsworth (1770-1850) &
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834) Other notable figures:

Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792-1822)
Lord Byron (1788-1824) Fishermen at Sea (1794) Jean-Jacques Rousseau Immanuel Kant Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling Samuel Taylor Coleridge Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel I wandered lonely as a cloud
That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
When all at once I saw a crowd,
A host, of golden daffodils;
Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
Fluttering and dancing in the breeze. Continuous as the stars that shine
And twinkle on the milky way,
They stretched in never-ending line
Along the margin of a bay:
Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
Tossing their heads in sprightly dance. The waves beside them danced; but they
Out-did the sparkling waves in glee:
A poet could not but be gay,
In such a jocund company:
I gazed---and gazed---but little thought
What wealth the show to me had brought: For oft, when on my couch I lie
In vacant or in pensive mood,
They flash upon that inward eye
Which is the bliss of solitude;
And then my heart with pleasure fills,
And dances with the daffodils. -balance between the power of man and nature in harmony
-vast expanse allows space for self-reflection and deep emotions
-distanced from judgement of society First-Person Intimacy -previously regarded as unnecessary or important
-introspective; communicates his feelings
and emotions, instead of strict topics
-more acceptable to be self-reflective and
emotional
-can observe the spontaneous, human quality Closeness to Nature -daffodils are characterized as beautiful and friendly
-he relates to these natural objects and finds comfort
in them
-details of natural surroundings describes thoroughly; importance to the author's sense of intimacy
-connection to nature Theme of Nostalgia and Emotion
-when he remembers the daffodils, he is happy and
realizes the magnitude of his connection to nature
during that moment
-romantic themes of longing, serenity, and whimsy English poet
negative capability: "being in uncertainties, mysteries, doubts without any irritable reaching after fact & reason"
romantic journey of the poet
brief writing career of only five years 3 greatest odes all written in one month
"Ode to a Nightingale"
"Ode on a Grecian Urn"
"Ode on Melancholy"
romantic meditative odes John Keats (1795-1821) -pauses in a moment of wonder/epiphany
-invites the viewer to see the world through his own eyes
-share his personal experience -never-ending expanse and fog represents mystery and unknown of nature
-negative capability both for figure depicted and for the viewer
-turns landscape into a spiritual experience From careful execution to free-form creation:
How do you think the radical change affected
literature written in that period?
-Change in style?
-Change in subject? Can you spot any romantic themes? Why do you think so much
emphasis is placed on the daffodils? What does the narrator feel
in the last paragraph, when
he remembers the scenery? Which of these romantic themes do we see in modern works? Do you like it? Given these characteristics and philosophies, can you think of some Romantic poets or works? Why would you characterize them as Romantic? What romantic themes are present? What is the subject feeling,
at this moment? the glory of the imperfect individual freedom spontaneous overflow of emotion spirituality and nature the halted traveler What do you think is "romantic"?
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