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French Social Classes In 1800's
Transcript of French Social Classes In 1800's
Another way is to be the heir to something like a propetryt or a peice of land or to a spot in government.
- Groups of 18th century peasants flocked to new jobs that required only physical labor, creating a large lower class.
- At the same time, many new occupations were created that required brainpower in addition to physical labor, and the large number of people that worked these jobs created the enormous middle class.
- The old aristocracy and new wealthy groups converged to create a small upper class.
How the Classes were Created
These jobs included bankers, money lenders, doctors, dentists, engineers, chemists accountants and teachers.
Wealthy and Rich
their morals included discipline, hard work, and family ties.
Rural farmers were also ranked in the lower class, even though they were land owners.
As there land debts were high, there incomes were very low.
There standard of living was in most respects very similar to the lower class way of living.
French Social Classes In 1800's
How Do People Rise to Power?
Who Made It?
Poor families of six to twelve people lived in usually 1 room apartments.
How they Lived
Servants And Sweatshops
Many rural families were accustomed to not bathing in the winter and only sometimes bathed in the summer.
Both male and female unskilled workers usually had higher mortality rates. due to medical problems resulting from widespread alcohol abuse and alcohol related violence.
Most skilled workers earned about 500 dollars a year
Lower-working class, unskilled laborers, also called day laborers.
Day laborers included domestic servants and those individuals working in the sweated industries.
The sweated industries, also called the cottage industries, were often small and home-based. Small cottage industry enterprises were made of isolated individuals, often women, working in their homes as seamstresses and people who did laundry.
Most men in the the middle class were in the military.
Some were painters and craftsmen
Many in the middle class regarded gambling, drinking and other pleasures to be sinful.
Most middle class individuals married into rich noble families to gain power and nobility.
Parisian lifestyle was characterized by comfortable housing and lavish dining. Food was a large part of their annual budget. their favorite leisure centered around recreational eating and drinking.
people in the middle class usually would throw lavish parties and would hire servants at these parties to show wealth. they spent an estimate of 25% of there budget on servants.
Life Of Paris's Elite
For the upper class, social behaviors were seriously scripted, strictly observed, and were often mocked.
Ladies were prohibited from attending balls or walking around the ballroom without escorts. Gentlemen were instructed that no lady should be left unattended and alone at any time.
Their upper class lifestyle included theater, opera, entertaining, feasting, and dancing, and required the constant acquisition and consumption of luxury goods
At the beginning of the century, the wealthiest 5% of the French populace possessed 33% of the nation�s income.
The upper class possessed largely inherited wealth and property. They controlled and profited from economic expansion in trading and commerce, industrial and technological development, and development of professions such as law and medicine.