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Mesopotamia-

world history presentation- ancient civilization of Mesopotamia
by

Tom Ray

on 30 August 2010

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Transcript of Mesopotamia-

Mesopotamia- "land between 2 rivers"
3,000 BCE-1550 BCE Geography
Located in modern day Israel, Iran, and Iraq
Region receives very little rain
Developed very sophisticated irrigation technology
Floods irregularly- both time and volume
silt unpredictable for agriculture
Flat- hard to defend City States
Region was not regarded as one nation but rather
a group of city- states (independent city-nations)
Cities were Theocracies- ruled by gods/priests/religion.
Eventually co-ruled with kings.
Lots of conflicts with each other; invaders
Economy
-mostly agricultural
-trade with India and Egypt- crossroads
Important innovations
-Arch
-Dome
-Wheel
-Plow Gender Relations
Arranged marriages
signed a contract
women had fewer rights in marriage.
Reasons for divorce
- not fulfilling wifely duties
- not bearing children
- engaging in business and neglecting their home
Some rights were protected
-women could divorce
- entitled to receive husband's property in death
Husbands could cheat; sorry ladies

Stuff
written language- cuneiform
-wrote on clay tablets
-created a phonetic language
Gilgamesh- epic poem. one of the oldest pieces of literature
Mathematics
- number system based on 60
-interest on loans
-calendar- 12 lunar months
Code of Hammurabi
ruler; oldest set of codified laws
Set precedent for written body of laws; important Western precedent
Strict; "eye for an eye" logic
Crime against upper class more severe; upper class could pay money to lower class.
Strong consumer protection; government officials held accountable. Thought Questions
Which was the most significant contribution: the wheel or cuneiform? Explain.
What elements of Sumerian society do you see in Western society?
Archeologists have found artifacts from India, Egypt, and Greece in Mesopotamia. Speculate how.
Full transcript