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The Middle Ages.
Transcript of The Middle Ages.
Going to court...
Torture in the middle ages!
The medieval period of the middle ages was violent and blood thirsty. Torture chambers were included in many castles. Different types of torture were used depending on the victim's crime and social status. The point of torture was to intimidate, get revenge on or punish someone, or as a tool to get information or confession.
There was even a type of torture which used tickling!
The torture chambers were located at the lower part of castles. The entrances to many torture chambers were accessed through winding passages. Many people suffered and died in torture chambers but their deaths were not recorded.
in the middle ages people believed in witches, most "witches" were women but 23 were men. You might be accused of being a witch if:
You lived alone.
Knew about medicines and healing.
Owned a black cat.
Had a deformation.
Were different in any way.
Or wore black.
once people thought you were a witch they tortured you until you either died or confessed, but if you confessed they tortured you more anyway!!!
There were many brutal (and very imaginative!) ways of torturing witches, here are just a few.
Methods Of Torture.
There were many methods of torture which were practiced during the Medieval era of the Middle Ages:
Ripping out teeth/nails, Beating ,Blinding, Boiling, Bone breaking, Branding and Burning, Castration, Choking, Cutting, Disfigurement, Dislocation, Drowning, Flagellation, whipping and beating, Flaying,
Roasting, Genital mutilation, Limb/finger removal , Starvation & Tongue removal
There was even a torture which used tickling as a method to inflict suffering! Other tortures included the compression of the limbs by special instruments, or by ropes, injection of water, vinegar, or oil, into the body of the accused, application of hot pitch, and starvation, were the processes used in tortures.
Very hot iron bars...
..make very ouchy hands
Massive cage where you get sent if you are bad to rot away.
Ordeal By Fire.
The person that had been accused had to walk about 5 paces whilst holding a red hot iron bar! Then they are given a bandage. After 3 days, they must return to court to have the bandages taken off. If the wound is beginning to heal, they are innocent. If not, they are guilty and are killed.
Ordeal By Water
The person that is accused have their hands and feet tied together. They are then dropped into water. If they float they are guilty, but if they sink they are innocent. Unfortunately the innocent die anyway!!
Ordeal by combat
The accused person fights a nobleman. They fight to the death! The loser is considered guilty, and the winner is considered innocent.
There were lots of ways of
punishing people in court.
There was a court called the manorial court, it dealt with all but the most serious crimes. It was held at certain times during the year and the people in the village or town had to attend or pay a fine. All men were placed in groups of ten called a tithing. Each tithing had to make sure that no member of their group broke the law. If a member of a tithing broke a law then the other members had to make sure that he went to court.The Lord’s steward was in charge of the court. A jury of twelve men was chosen by the villagers. The jury had to collect evidence and decide whether the accused was guilty or not guilty and, if found guilty, what the punishment should be.
The Manorial Court
Now watch this video!
The Black Death
In Medieval England, The Black Death killed 1.5 million out of 4 million people between 1348- 1350. No medical knowledge existed in Medieval England to cope with this disease. The Black Death is the name given to a deadly plague (often called bubonic plague, but is more likely to be pneumonia plague). No amount of medical knowledge could help England when the plague struck. It also had a major impact on the social structure. Up until recently the Black Death was thought to have been caused by fleas carried by rats that were very common in towns and cities. When the fleas bit into their victims, it was thought they were literally injecting them with the disease. However evidence produced by forensic scientists and archaeologists in 2014 from human remains in the north of the City of London suggests that fleas could not actually have been responsible for an infection that spread so fast - it had to be airborne.
Medicine in the middle ages...
There were loads of diseases going around in the middle ages and their obviously had to be a cure for it. Middle Ages Medicine was extremely basic in an era when terrible illnesses such as the Black Death were killing nearly one third of the population. Medicine was limited. Physicians had no idea what caused the terrible illnesses and diseases. The Catholic Church believed that illnesses were a punishment from God for sinful behavior. Letting blood was conducted by cupping or leeches. There were no Antibiotics during the Middle Ages and it was almost impossible to cure illness and diseases without them. Medicines in the Middle Ages were made from herbs, spices and resins. The medicine was applied in drinks, pills, washes, baths, rubs, poultices, purges and ointments. The Medicine used to treat some specific illnesses are described below.
An infection caused by bacteria spread through contaminated food and water.
diarrhea , fever, cramps, dehydration.
if it is really bad:
bloody feces, meningitis, conjunctivitis, and arthritis.
Result: Generally weak condition.
Diarrhea was a leading cause of death for infants in medieval times.
The Bubonic Plauge.
Was Spread By Rats
But not little cute rats like this.
Thank You For Watching.
by Abbie, Hattie, Robyn & Veryan.