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World Religions

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Jessica B

on 15 May 2014

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Transcript of World Religions

World Religions
Christianity is a major religion and has many characteristics such as: Monotheism, Jesus as Son of God, life after death, New testament-Life and teachings of Jesus, Establishment of Christian doctrine by early church councils.
The term monotheism is a Greek word which means-
monos (“single,”) and theos (“God”). It refers to the belief that there is only one God.
Christians believe that Jesus is the Son of God. Also
Christians believe that the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are all one. Jesus was born of the Holy Virgin Mary, He was crucified, died and risen on the third day.
Life after death, Christians believe that one day God
will raise all the people who have ever lived and judge them.
The New Testament consists of the 4 gospels, Jesus'
teachings and miracles and the book of Revelations.
The establishment of Christian doctrine is telling us
about how did the early Church define its beliefs that Jesus had risen from the dead and that He was the Son of God.
Did you know that Christianity is one of the most influential religions in history.
Characteristics of
Islam is a major religion and has many characteristics such as: Monotheism, Muhammed the prophet, Quran, Five pillars of Islam, and Mecca and Medina.
Characteristics of Islam
The religion of Islam is based on one core
belief, that there is no god worthy of worship but Allah.
Muhammed the prophet is a messenger from god
to his followers. He preached his people through the
The Quran is the central religious text of Islam
The Five Pillars of Islam represent the duties of a
Muslim. Declaration of faith in Allah (First Pillar). Prayer towards Mecca five times daily
(Second Pillar). Alms giving (Third Pillar). Fasting during Ramadan(Fourth Pillar). Pilgrimage to Mecca (Fifth Pillar).
Mecca and Medina is two different cities where each
muslim has to go visit at least once in their lifetime.
Buddhism is a major religion and has many characteristics such as: Founder-Siddhartha Gautama, Four Noble Truths, Eightfold Path to Enlightenment, and the Spread of Buddhism from India to China
Characteristics of Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama was the leader and founder of
The core of the Buddhist teaching is the Four Noble Truths
is: There is suffering. There is a cause to suffering. There is an end to suffering. And there is a path out of suffering.
The Eightfold Path of Buddhism is the system
of the following these eight divisions of the path to achieve spiritual enlightenment and cease suffering:
-Right understanding -Right thought -Right speech
-Right conduct - Right means of making a living
-Right mental attitude or effort -Right mindfulness
-Right concentration.
Siddharta Gautama, first being a teacher, he
requested that his monks spread his teachings all over the world.
Hinduism is a major world
religion and has many characteristics
such as: Many forms of one God, Caste system, Reincarnation,and Karma
Hinduism Characteristics
Hindus all believe in one Supreme God who created the universe.
The caste system is a system of social stratification and which is now also used as a basis for affirmative action.
The doctrine of reincarnation, known also as rebirth, is the transmigration of the soul concerns the rebirth of the soul in a series of physical symbol, which are usually human or animal.
Karma is the broader principle that all of life is governed by a system of cause and effect, action and reaction, in which one's deeds have corresponding effects on the future.
Judaism is a major world
religion and has many characteristics
such as: Monotheism, Ten Commandments, and Torah.
Judaism Characteristics
Monotheism means belief in "one God."
The Ten Commandments
1. I am the Lord your God who brought you out of slavery in Egypt.
2. You shall have no other gods but me.
3. You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God.
4. You shall remember and keep the Sabbath day holy.
5. Honor your father and mother.
6. You shall not murder.
7. You shall not commit adultery.
8. You shall not steal.
9. You shall not bear false witness against thy neighbor.
10. You shall not covet.
"Torah" refers to the Five Books of Moses: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Also, the New Testament are not part of Jewish scripture
Similarities Between the 5 Major World Religions
Some similarities between the five major world religions are:
1.) Christians and Jews both believe in God.
2.)Christians, Jews, and Islams believe in monotheism.
3.) Christians and Jews believe in the 10 Commandments
Differences Between the 5 Major World Religions
Some difference between the 5 major world religions are:
1.)All religions believe in a different god except Christians and Jews.
2.) Buddhism and Hinduism don't believe in monotheism.
3.) All the religions have a different book for their religion.
for ex. Islam- Quran. Christians-Bible

How does Religion Affect the World Today?
Religion affects our society in many ways. Even now, in some area, religion affects law. The biggest effect, however, is on the way people behave and their traditions. Everything from marriage to name choices has been affected by religions.
How has Religion Played a role in my Life?
Religion affected me greatly in a great way because it directs me to treat people well with respect, to be kind, to be honest, to be closer to God, and always do the right thing.
Christianity is mostly located in North America (75%).
The founder of Christianity was Jesus Christ.
Christianity was founded in 33 CE
Christianity began in Jerusalem.
Sections within the region- Roman Catholic,
and Eastern Orthodox,
Sacred writings- The Bible, consists of the Old Testament and New Testament
Major Holy days of the year:
-Advent (Nov. 30 - Dec. 24)
-Christmas (Dec. 25)
-Epiphany (Jan. 6)
-Good Friday (last Friday before Easter)
-Easter (date varies)

Islam is mostly located in Africa (53%).
Muhammad is the founder of Islam.
The religion of Islam began in Saudi Arabia in 622 CE.
The major sections of Islam are Sunni and Shias.
Sacred writings- Quran
Holy days of the year for Islam:
-Ramadan - month long
-Eid al-Fitr - Festival of Breaking the Fast
-Hijra - week long
-Eid al-Adha - Festival of Sacrifice
Buddhism is mostly located in Asia (95%).
Siddharta Gautama is the founder of Buddhism.
Buddhism was founded in 520 BCE.
Buddhism began in the North of India.
Sections within the religion-Theravada, Mahayana, Vajrayana.
Sacred writings- Pali Canon.
Holy days of the year- Buddha's birthday, and Buddha's enlightenment.
Hinduism is mostly located in
India (85%).
Hinduism was founded in 1500 BC.
Hinduism began in India.
Sections within the religion- Saivism, Vaisnavism, and Saktism.
Sacred writings Vedas, Upanishads, Sutras, and Bhagavad Gita
Major holy days of the year
-Mahashivarati (mid-February)
-Holi (Spring)
-Diwali (mid-November)

Judaism is mostly located in Israel (42.9%).
Abraham was the founder of Judaism.
Judaism was founded in 2,500 BC.
Judaism began in Israel
Sections within the religion- Reform, Conservative, and Orthodox
Sacred writings- The Torah
Major holy days of the year
-Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement (10 Tishri)
-Sukkot: Festival of Booths (15 Tishri)
-Hanukkah (25 Kislev)
-Purim (15 Adar)
-Pesach: Passover (15 Nisan)
Info on Christianity
Info on Islam
Info on Buddhism
Info on Hinduism
Info on Judaism
Pictures of Christianity
Pictures of Islam
Pictures of Buddhism
Pictures of Hinduism
Pictures of Judaism
There are many different religions around the world. Today the ones I will be talking to you about are: Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Judaism.
This Brings it to the end of our tour about the five major world religions. I hope you learned plenty about each different religion and that you enjoyed my presentation. Thank you for your time and attention :)
By: Jessica Bistawrous :) :D

The major conflicts that have been
caused by religion is war because
many religions are convinced their god is more powerful and greater than the other gods and therefore they want only their god to exist/for everyone to worship only their god.

What major conflicts have
been influenced or caused by

Full transcript