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Light Pollution

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Trey Horne

on 13 March 2014

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Transcript of Light Pollution

Trey Horne
Light Pollution
What is Light Pollution?
- Light Pollution is loosely defined as any excess
exposure to artificial light, ranging from computer screens to lampposts to neon signs.
Community of Learners
- Just about everyone in the world ought to be more aware of this developing pollutant. Professionals and students alike, the general populous.
What does this have
to do with Biology?
In terms of what we've studied, it all boils down to an organisms environment. It's a simple cause, but the effects are far reaching over multiple fields of Biology.
Expected Outcomes
In a 100% natural world, all outdoor lighting would cease, there would be no more lit screens, and people would go to sleep whenever it got dark.

Seeing as that is nigh impossible, my goal is two fold. First, make people aware. Let them know that this is happening. Second, I want to see the wheels start turning. Weather that means new legislation or different production techniques, so be it.
Effects on wildlife
Along with chemical imbalances, unnatural lighting can disrupt migration patterns, reproduction cycles, and feeding times in mammals, reptiles, amphibians, and birds.

Many fall prey to the classic bug zapper light effect, heading towards the light.
My Action Plan
-So, how many people have even heard of Light Pollution? Not enough. As of such, my action plan is strongly focused on raising awareness.
Leather Back Sea Turtles
With all sea turtle species, new hatchlings have the compulsion to get into the Ocean. They have a large amount of natural predators, but now have roads to cross between their nests and the Ocean.
Leach's Storm Petrel
Leach's Storm Petrels are a sea bird that feed partially on luminescent plankton, thus a particularly keen awareness of light in the evening.
As you can guess, they try to eat all sorts of late night lighted fishing paraphernalia, as well as flying to oil rigs and lighthouses.
Step 1: Logistics
This will include designing and making various form of media advertisements. This will most likely take around a month to get everything organized, purchased, and printed.

-Brochures, Newspaper & Magazine Ads., Television Ads., Signs/Banners, Radio Ads., Internet Ads., A Website, and Videos
Costs
-Shipping and getting all the hard copies across the country, taking between 4-7 days.
-Also launching the Website and Internet ads., along with the videos; less than a full work day.

Also, electronic copies of everything will be available on the website for printing, speeding up the process.
Step 3: Public Meetings
While the advertisements go out, having public meetings and human interface is the next step. At the meetings, there would be a representative conducting the meeting with various professionals as keynote speakers. Organizing all the meetings, getting people there, and meeting the necessary volume would span over two to three months, at least.
What's the issue, isn't it just a little lighter?
Not quite. It may seem harmless, but it can be detrimental to just about any form of life

As humans, we base our circadian rhythms and melatonin production on the amount of light that we are exposed too
Severity
Because Light pollution is still a relatively new issue, it is not to out of hand, but it is growing. It can potentially become something much more serious, so now is the perfect time to pull it out by the roots.
But why go to these lengths?
The bottom line is that when all is said and done, this is all a preventive measure. It would be expensive now, and we only have some minor issues, but they are steadily growing. It's not going away.
Professionals

- Biologists, Neurologists, Optometrists, Physicians, Engineers, Astronomers, and Somnologists.
Step 2: Distribution
Step 4: Make it stick
This is the hardest and the longest part of it. It has to not be this new fad that people pick up for a few months, but something that lasts, even if it only comes up on a small scale. Time wise, until it is no longer needed.
Connection to CP-Bio
~ 7 Characteristics of life
- All living things respond to their environment
Differing amounts of natural & artificial light cause organisms to change their circadian rhythms and melatonin production.

~ Non-Mendelian Genetics
- Environmental effects on phenotypes
Light Pollution is currently being researched and linked to different behaviors and gene expression.

~ Evolution
- Genetic Drift
Due to the disruption in lighting, organisms are evolving differently.
Citations
"The Fading Milky Way." - NASA Science. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2001/ast01nov_1/>.
Haluzan, Ned. "Pollution Articles." Light Pollution Facts. N.p., 4 Nov. 2011. Web. <http://pollutionarticles.blogspot.com/2011/11/light-pollution-facts.html>.
Kyba, Christopher C. M., Thomas Ruhtz, Jürgen Fischer, and Franz Hölker. "Abstract." National Center for Biotechnology Information. U.S. National Library of Medicine, 02 Mar. 2011. Web. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3047560/?tool=pmcentrez>.
Lenahan, Marie. "What Is Light Pollution?" Green Living on National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://greenliving.nationalgeographic.com/light-pollution-2221.html>.
Owen, David. "The Dark Side." The New Yorker. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2007/08/20/070820fa_fact_owen?currentPage=all>.
Saleh, Tiffany. "Effects of Artificial Lighting on Wildlife." Wildlands CPR. N.p., 19 July 2007. Web. <http://www.wildlandscpr.org/biblio-notes/effects-artificial-lighting-wildlife>.
Toothman, Jessika. "How Light Pollution Works" 31 August 2009. HowStuffWorks.com. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/light-pollution.htm>
Images
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/pf/42741575.html
http://www.neseabirds.com/DaveJones/djones1263754169dwtxsry_pelagictourLeachsStormPetrel22.jpg
http://www.clipartsfree.net/vector/large/Open_Neon_Sign_Vector_Clipart.png
http://www.nature.nps.gov/night/assets/images/lightPollutionGrowthLarge.jpg
Consequences
Positive
Negative
- Light Pollution will be brought to the attention of American citizens.

- People will become more conscious of how they use artificial light.

- We can remove this pollutant while it's relatively easy.
- It will cost an inordinate amount of money for this campaign to succeed.

- Making the necessary changes and cautionary measures will also be expensive.
$$ Money $$
Item

Brochures
Newspaper
Magazine Ads.
Television Ads.
Signs/Banners
Radio Ads.
Internet Ads.
A Website
Videos
Amount
63,000,000
31,500,000
31,500,000
31,500,000
6,300,000
31,500,000
630,000,000
1
5
Cost
$ 31,500,00
$ 3,150,000,000,000
$ 3,150,000,000,000
$ 6,300,000,000,000
$ 1,858,500,000
$ 14,269,500,000
$ 6,300,000,000,000
$ 1,000
$ 10,000
Ta-da!!!!!!
Any
Questions??
Full transcript