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Chapter 2 Childhood Years in Calamba
Transcript of Chapter 2 Childhood Years in Calamba
Childhood Years in Calamba
Calamba, the Hero’s Town
Calamba was an hacienda town which belonged to the Dominican Order, which also owned all the lands around it. It is a picturesque town nestling on a verdant plain covered with irrigated ricefields and sugar-lands.
Rizal loved Calamba w/ all his heart and soul. He wrote a poem entitled Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo (In Memory of My Town) in 1876 when he was 15 and a student in Ateneo de Manila.
Earliest Childhood Memories
Frail, sickly, and undersized child
His father built a little nipa cottage in the garden for him ot play in the day time.
The Hero’s First Sorrow
They love each other.
Jose loves most the little Concha(Concepcion). He was a year older than Concha. He played w/ her and from her and from her he learned the sweetness of sisterly love.
Concha died of sickness in 1865 when she was 3 years old. Jose was so sad that time and cried bitterly at losing her. “When I was four years old,” he said, “I lost my little sister Concha, and then for the first time I shed tears caused by love and grief… The death of little Concha brought him his first sorrow.
Devoted Son of the Church
Rizal grew up a good Catholic.
At three he began to take part in the family prayers and taught by his mother the Catholic prayers.
At five, he was able to read haltingly the Spanish family Bible.
He was called Manong Jose by the Hermanos and Hermanas Terceras.
Father Leoncio Lopez- one of the men he esteemed and respected in Calamba during his boyhood.
Pilgrimage to Antipolo
June 6, 1868- Jose and his father left Calamba to go on pilgrimage to Antipolo, in order to fulfill his mother’s vow which was made when Jose was born.
“With what pleasure I saw the sunrise; for the first time I saw how the luminous rays shone, producing brilliant effect on the ruffled surface of the wide lake.”
First time to visit Manila.
On their way back, Saturnina who was then a boarding student at La Concordia College in Santa Ana.
Jose Rizal had many beautiful memories of childhood in his native town. He grew up in a happy home, ruled by good parents, bubbling w/ joy, and sanctified by God’s blessings.
The Story of the Moth
Favorite story of Rizal tol his mother Dona Teodora.
The young moth did not heed the repeated warning of the old moth not to get so close to the light which to the young moth was so beautiful and attractive, and so the young moth met its death by burning itself by reason of curiosity and attraction to the luminous light.
At age 5, made sketches with his pencil, mould clay and wax objects.
He painted in oil colors a banner that delighted the crown- its better than the original.
First Poem by Rizal
His mother- lover of literature encourage Rizal to write poetry.
At age of 8, he wrote his poem in the native language entitled “Sa Aking Mga Kababata”. This poem reveals Rizal’s earliest nationalist sentiment and proclaimed that people who love the native language will strive for liberty.
First Drama by Rizal
Tagalog comedy applauded in Calamba festival the manuscript of which was bought by gobernadorcillo from Paete, Laguna for 2 pesos. It was shown also during Paete’s fiesta.
Rizal as Boy Magician
Making coin appear and disappear in his finger.
Handkerchief vanishing in the air.
Magic-lantern exhibition- lamp casting its shadow on a white screen.
Twisted his fingers into shapes, making their enlarged shadows on the screen resemble certain animals/persons.
Read books on magic and attended performance of great magicians.
With his pet dog (Usman) used to meditate at Laguna de Bay asking what might be over on the other side of the waves.
Thinking of the Guardia Civil caning and enduring unarmed and peace loving villagers whose only act was not having taken off their hats and vowed while passing in front of the former.
No restraint put upon Spanish brutality committed daily.
“In view of these injustice and cruelties, although yet a child, my imagination was awakened and I made a vow dedicating myself someday to avenge the many victims.”… (letter to Mariano Ponce)
Influences on the Hero’s Boyhood
1. Influences on the Hero’s Boyhood
2. Hereditary Influence: Malayan ancestors- love for freedom; innate desire to travel and his indomitable courage.
Scenic beauties of Calamba and the beautiful garden of the Rizal family stimulated Rizal’s inborn artistic and literary talents.
Religious atmosphere at home- fortified his religious nature
Paciano- instilled in his mind the love for freedom and justice.
From his sisters- he learned courtesy and kindness to women.
Fairytales told by his Aya- awakened his interest in folklore and legends.
Tio Jose Albeto who studied for 11 years in British School in Culcutta, India travelled to Europe- inspired him to develop his artistic ability.
Tio Manuel- husky and athlethic- encouraged him to develop his body through exercise, walking, wrestling.
Tio Gregorio- book lover- uintensified Rizal’s voracious reading of good books.
Fr. Leoncio Lopez- fostered Rizal’s love for scholarship and intellectual honesty.
Death of Concha (1865), imprisonment of his mother in 1871-1874- strengthened his character.
Spanish abuses, cruelties, brutal acts of guardia civil and the alcalde, tortures on innocent Filipinos and execution of GOMBURZA (1872) awakened his patriotism.
3. Aid of Divine Providence: God endowed him with versatile gifts of a genius, vibrant spirit of nationalistic and valiant heart for a noble cause.