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Transcript of DADA Prezi
•It was an art movement in which the main goal of the artists was to ridicule contemporary culture and traditional art forms.
•“The urgent need to liberate art from its past was nowhere more strongly felt in the early twentieth century than among the artists and writers internationally who were associated with the Dada movement.” (O’Mahony)
Dada Art (cont'd) •“Dada was not a style but an attitude.”(O’Mahony)
•The main mediums used by Dadaists were collages, photo montages, found object construction (ready-made), rather than the traditional painting and sculpture although anything was valid. The ready-made is an everyday object selected and designated as art; the name was coined by the French artist Marcel Duchamp. Duchamp created the first ready-made, Bicycle Wheel (1913), which consisted of a wheel mounted on a stool, as a protest against the excessive importance attached to works of art.
Duchamp subsequently made “pure ready-mades,” each of which consisted of a single item, such as Bottle Rack (1914), and the best-known ready-made, the porcelain urinal entitled Fountain (1917). Dada art was revolutionary in its time period by originating a movement in art and society where absurdity and abstractness prospered. Marcel Duchamp •Marcel Duchamp, (born July 28, 1887, Blainville, Fr.—died Oct. 2, 1968, Neuilly), was a French artist who broke down the boundaries between works of art and everyday objects. After the sensation caused by “Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2” (1912), he painted few other pictures. His irreverence for conventional aesthetic standards led him to devise his famous ready-mades and heralded an artistic revolution. •By selecting mass-produced, commonplace objects, Duchamp attempted to destroy the notion of the uniqueness of the art object. •Duchamp even said that a Rembrandt painting can be used as an ironing board. Rembrandt is generally considered one of the greatest painters and printmakers in European art history and the most important in Dutch history. Max Ernst
•Max Ernst, (born April 2, 1891, Brühl, Ger.—died April 1, 1976, Paris, Fr.), was a German painter, sculptor, and one of the leading advocates of irrationality in art, and an originator of the Automatism movement of Surrealism.
•His youthful interests were psychiatry and philosophy, but he abandoned his studies at the University of Bonn for painting.
•After serving in the German army during World War I, Ernst was converted to Dada, a nihilistic art movement, and formed a group of Dada artists in Cologne; with the artist-poet Jean Arp, he edited journals and created a scandal by staging a Dada exhibit in a public rest room.
•More important, however, were his Dada collages and photomontages, such as “Here Everything Is Still Floating” (1920), a startlingly illogical composition made from cut-out photographs of insects, fish, and anatomical drawings ingeniously arranged to suggest the multiple identity of the things depicted.
Marcel Duchamp was also known for modifying the Mona Lisa by adding a mustache and a goatee. L’Oeil Cacodylate A piece that was done by Picabia in 1921 in France. It is an oil painting with a photomontage and collage on canvas. It is the perfect place to emulate the whole Dada movement because of its obscenity and simplicity; it was created following in the tradition of the artistic ideas Paris had become known for, many artists previously active elsewhere found themselves living and working in the city between the years 1920 and 1923. Hans Arp, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, Man Ray, Francis Picabia and the poet Tristan Tzara were among the Dadaists who collaborated to bring Paris its "Dada Season." Fountain Fountain is a 1917 work widely attributed to Marcel Duchamp. The scandalous work was a porcelain urinal, which was signed "R.Mutt". Submitted for the exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists in 1917, Fountain was rejected by the committee, because of its absurdity and unorthodox style even though the rules stated that all works would be accepted from artists who paid the fee. Fountain was displayed and photographed at Alfred Stieglitz’s studio, and the photo published in The Blind Man, but the original has been lost. The work is regarded by some art historians and theorists as a revolutionary piece in the process to change the way in which art is looked at. Dada Art •Dada came into being in 1916 in Zurich, when a group of expatriate young artists in refuge from the war founded an arts center called the ‘Cabernet Voltaire’. It is said that the movement was given its name in the most seemingly fitting way; a member of the group randomly opened a dictionary and stuck a pin, at random, into the word dada.
•Dadaists placed a great emphasis on the randomness and absurdity that occur not only in art, but in the real world as well. Dada did not constitute an art style; instead its proponents favoured group collaboration, spontaneity, and chance. “The highest art will be that which in its unconscious content presents the thousandfold problems of the day.” Richard Hülsenbeck, Dada poet and writer