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By Rose and Adrienne

Iris Hong

on 8 October 2014

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Transcript of Islam

Main God
Origin: According to Secular History

• Secular history records Islam as beginning during the 7th century in Saudi Arabia (Religion 1)
• The prophet Muhammad introduced Islam after experiencing what is referred to as angelic visitation (Religion 1)
• According to secular sources, this makes Islam the youngest and most recently formed great world religion (Religion 1)

Origins according to Islam Beliefs:
• To most Muslims, origins are thought of as beginning with the last prophet Muhammad (Religion 1)
• To some Muslims, it is believed that, though Muhammad dictated the Qur’an (Islamic Holy Text), the book was brought from God by the angel Gabriel before the existence of the prophet Muhammad (Religion 1)

Islam Was Created
Islam was created by the prophet Muhammad in 610 AD. (Prophet 1)
It can be said that Islam was created after the prophet Muhammad experienced his first revelation, where he was visited by the Angel Gabriel who told him to read or recite the Qur’an (Prophet 1)
After that the prophet Muhammad began receiving revelations and gained follower until the idea of Islam was accepted and followed in large numbers (Prophet 1)

Main Principles
Reciting the Quran
Paradise and Jahannam
Judgment Day
The Five Pillars
Shariah Laws
on hajj, wear white
Art and Architecture:

Dietary Practice:
only eat pure things
Religious Texts
Islam Was Created

Muhammad received his first revelation in the year 610 at the age of 40 (BBC)
By the year 622 AD the religion of Islam had gained more followers and was officially founded (BBC)

Islam Was Created
The prophet Muhammad received his first revelation in a cave called Hira that is located 2 miles outside of the city of Mecca in the area of Jabl al Nur (Cave 1)
Important People
Involved In The Origin Of Islam
The Last Prophet Muhammad is thought to be the official founder of Islam and is thought to be the last and most important Islamic prophet (Godlas 1)
He also led and taught people in accordance to the visions received from the Angel Gabriel (Godlas 1)
Some other Islamic prophets include:
Involved In The Origin Of Islam

The Umayyad Dynasty was the first major Islamic dynasty that was formed in the 7th century (Umayyad 1)
• Eventually took over North Africa, Spain, and Central Asia (Umayyad 1)
• Most other religions were tolerated during this dynasty, though the new religion of Islam penetrated the conquered lands deeply (Umayyad 1)
Geography: Where Islam was established
Muhammad received his first revelation in the cave called Hira that is located 2 miles outside of the city of Mecca in the area of Jabl al Nur (Cave 1)
The official founding of Islam took place in the city of Mecca, Arabia; a city in the south West part of what is now Saudi Arabia near the Red Sea (Cave 1)

How and Where Did Islam Spread
Islam spread and is now one of the largest belief systems in the world (Godlas 1)
Missionary activities by the Sufis in the years following Muhammad’s death throughout the Arab Empire helped to spread this belief system (Godlas 1)
Sufis are a branch of Islam, with focus on the mystical and psycho-spiritual (Godlas 1)
The expansion of the Arab Empire led to the creation of Caliphates, which are Islamic states led by religious and political leaders known as Caliphs (Godlas 1)
How and Where Did Islam Spread
Global Population Today
Al-Burda (Qasida)
Major Denominations
Crescent Moon
only one God
more than one God
worship one God, but acknowledge others
explain and justify political system
moral and ethical guides
supreme being
US Muslim Population
Percentage of the World that is Islam
Countries With the Highest Population of Islam
Impact on World History
development of art and architecture
religious influence
Helped to bring Europe out of the dark ages
Charlemagne in contact with Islamic Spain; replicated society ideas (Ibn-Sina 3)
Education improved
Islam demands development of religious and worldly knowledge (Ramalan 1)


One God who created the earth (Similarities 1)
No savior sent to earth (Similarities 1)
In both the Quran and the Torah Israel is given to the Jewish people as the holy land (Similarities 1)
Charity should be given without negative feelings (Similarities 1)
Similarities Between Judaism and Islam:
Differences Between Judaism and Islam:
While praying; Jews face Jerusalem and Muslims face Mecca (Similarities 1)
Jews are commanded to give between 10-20 % of their income to charity; Muslims must give 2.5% of their wealth(Similarities 1)
In Judaism alcohol is allowed in moderation; in Islam alcohol is not allowed at all(Similarities 1)

Source: http://www.pewforum.org/
Source: http://www.pewforum.org/
Source: http://www.pewforum.org/
Source: http://www.adherents.com/
Source: http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=countries+with+the+highest+population+of+Islam&FORM=HDRSC2#view=detail&id=7DF1B1B6FAB9DE812C0F9BBD285FBE16E47EDF69&selectedIndex=4

"Origin Of Islam." AllAboutReligion.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"Life of Prophet Muhammad: The Revelation." Life of Prophet Muhammad: The Revelation. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"Latest Hajj and Umrah News." The Cave of Hira (Ghar Hira). N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi Orders: Sufism's Many Paths." Sufism, Sufis, and Sufi Orders: Sufism's Many Paths. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Huda. "What Muslims Can (and Can't) Eat and Drink." About. About Religion, 2014. Web. Sept. 2014.
"The Umayyad Dynasty." Islamic History:. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
"Islam." BBC News. BBC, 2014. Web. Sept. 2014.
Prothero, Stephen R. God Is Not One: The Eight Rival Religions That Run the World--and Why Their Differences Matter. New York: HarperOne, 2010. Print.
"Public Sees Religion's Influence Waning." Pew Research Centers Religion Public Life Project RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 29 Sept. 2014.
"Adherents.com Home Page." World Religions Religion Statistics Geography Church Statistics. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
Huda. "The Crescent Moon." About. About Religion, 2014. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
In 2009 more than 115,000 Muslims became US citizens
Approximately 5 million Muslims live in the US according to Wolfram Alpha, 0.4% of US population
only one God
"Our Allah and your Allah is One." (29:46)
monotheistic religion
heaven and hell
Different views
Quran 2:194
"Whoever has assaulted you, then assault him in the same way.."
Bible Matthew 5:39
"If anyone slaps you on the right cheek, turn to them the other cheek also."
Stacey, Aisha. "Health in Islam (part 3 of 4): Diet and Nutrition." - The Religion of Islam. Islam Religion, 2013. Web. 30 Sept. 2014.
“Eat of the good things which We have provided for you.” (Quran 2:172)
“Eat of what is lawful and wholesome on the earth.” (Quran 2:168)
Source: http://www.allaboutreligion.org/Origin-Of-Islam.htm

Source: http://www.allaboutreligion.org/Origin-Of-Islam.htm
Source: http://www.the-prophet-muhammad.net/biographies/revelation.html
Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/islam/
Source: http://www.the-prophet-muhammad.net/biographies/revelation.html
Source: http://islam.uga.edu/Sufism.html
Source: http://www.religionfacts.com/islam/history/umayyad.htm
Source: http://www.go-makkah.com/english/dossier/articles/182/The+cave+of+Hira+(Ghar+Hira).html
Source: http://islam.uga.edu/Sufism.html

Source: http://www.judaism-islam.com/similarities-between-judaism-and-islam/
Source(s): http://www.scribd.com/doc/16406163/Impact-of-Islamic-Civilization-on-The-Modern-World-General
Full transcript