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Generalizations and Inferences

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cyndy vangas

on 28 August 2014

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Transcript of Generalizations and Inferences

Generalizations and Inferences
Keep in mind:
When reading informational text, it is important to recall specific examples from text so that you can understand the most
important details
and events of the selection. In addition to recalling specific examples from the text to answer basic comprehension questions, those details and examples will help you to make
inferences.
Note the kinds of inferences that you might make while reading nonfiction text.

I will read…

I might make inferences about…
Biography/Autobiography:
The subject’s actions, events, the author’s message
Informational Text:
Causes and effects, problems and solutions
Persuasive Text:

The author’s message, ideas used to support the author’s message

What can we infer?
What can we infer?
What can we infer?
Conclusion
Generalization
A generalization is a broad statement or an idea that applies to a group of people or things.
Are cats REALLY smarter than dogs?
Now what??
Agenda:
Take out textbooks and turn to pg. 365
Choose a text: Walking for Exercise and Pleasure (page 365)OR
2006 "Walk this Way" (page 367)
Write a one paragraph response to the text where you back up the main ideas and support them with 3-5 examples from the text. Also answer how the author develops these ideas throughout the text.
How do we feel about inferences and generalizations now???
4. I can do it without mistakes. I can help others.

3. I can do it by myself! I make little mistakes.


2. Sometimes I need help. I am starting to understand.


1. I can't do it by myself. I don't understand yet.
Why is this important?
Readers who are aware of the inferences they are making, are more able to…
Remember and apply what they have read
Create new background knowledge
Critically analyze text and authors
Engage in conversation about what they are reading
Be reflective about what they are reading

In addition:
Successful inferring leads to better overall comprehension.
Successful inferring leads to more engagement with text.
Successful inferring makes for sophisticated readers.
Quick hint!
Clue words to help find or make generalizations: all, none, most, many, always, everyone, never, sometimes, some, usually, seldom, few, generally, in general, and overall.
Making Inferences
Examples:
Homework is very easy.
Homework is very hard.

Oftentimes, generalizations are not entirely true, because there may be examples of individuals or situations where the generalization does not apply.
After identifying the main idea and significant
details, you can begin to make inferences
in order to draw conclusions and make
generalizations. Inferences and generalizations are not directly stated in the reading, so you have to be a good detective.
Knowing how to make inferences and generalizations will make it easier to come up with the central ideas of a text.

An inference is a guess that you make while you are reading. Your guess should be based on what you
already know
.Now think about the
information and details given
. Then, you use your own knowledge to
predict
what you think might happen. Your own knowledge is the key to making inferences.
Full transcript