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Hunter Digital Tutorials: Quote Integration

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Johannes Burgers

on 12 September 2012

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Transcript of Hunter Digital Tutorials: Quote Integration

Quote Integration Throughout your college career you will be asked to use evidence as a form of support for you thesis. There are a number of ways you can go about this. You can: Important Whatever method you choose, you must always cite your evidence. Because the evidence you are using was not produced by you, you have to give credit to the person who said it. Throughout college you will be exposed to a number of citation formats. In this tutorial we will be using MLA. This consists of an internal citation that directly follows the summary, paraphrase or quote, and a list of works cited giving the full source. In this tutorial you will learn how to quote. Summary and Paraphrase are covered in their own module. Problem You have been asked to write a paper about global warming. After some research you find the following quote: Climate records show a 1°F increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and solid surface since the late 1900s. You decide that this is perfect support for your argument and want to use it. You are not sure how, so you drop it into a paragraph, remembering from class that you are supposed to use quote marks (" "). Much research has been done on global warming. "Climate records show a 1°F increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and solid surface since the late 1900s." This increase shows the Earth's temperature is increasing. You will notice that the above paragraph is not particularly fluid, and it is hard to interpret what is going on. We don't know: This is bad quote integration. The reader does not know what is happening and will be confused. Solution In order to be clear, a quote needs to be fully integrated into a paragraph. Therefore, do not think of a quote as just the language you are quoting, but all the language around it as well. Important One way to think of a quote is as a speed bump in the text. You need to let your readers know that there will be a quote coming up, and you need to make sure that you give them an opportunity to get back into the flow of the argument afterward. If you don't do this the experience will be really jarring. Note all the indications to let the driver know a speed hump is coming. Topic Sentence: The main argument of the paragraph Introduction to the Source: The context of the quote. Who is saying the quote and in what type of source (book, newspaper, magazine, etc.) Signal Phrase/Introduction to the quote: This is the opening statement for your quote. For example, She says, the author argues, Algernon exclaims, he states. The quote itself – The quote needs to be in quotation marks (“ ”) and needs to be followed by a citation (Author Page) and then use a period. Let's look at a fully integrated quote: Signal Phrase Rethinking Our Quote Let's look at our first quote again Notice what's missing? Much research has been done on global warming. "Climate records show a 1°F increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and solid surface since the late 1900s." This increase shows the Earth's temperature is increasing. Weak Topic Sentence No Introduction to the Source No Signal Phrase No citation No real explanation One piece of evidence that indicates that global warming is man made is the temperature increase in the last century. In the comprehensive article, "Global Warming" in the Gale Encyclopedia of Science, one scientist states that, "Climate records show a 1°F increase in the average temperature of the Earth’s oceans, atmosphere, and solid surface since the late 1900s" (Freedman 15). This temperature increase coincides with the industrialization of the west, and the rapid growth of fossil fuel consumption. Hence, it is hard to maintain the global temperature increases are purely the result of natural causes. Summarize - Give an overview of the work you are using Paraphrase - Borrow a specific argument Quote - Use the language of the source directly Who said the quoted text What the context is Why the text is important How it relates to the argument A fully integrated quote has 5 basic parts Note: If you already mentioned the author’s name in the introduction to the source you do not need to put it in the citation. Explanation - Generally, you cannot quote without explaining how that quote ties into your overall argument. Example Topic Sentence Topic Sentence: Notice that from the topic sentence you can infer that this is an essay arguing against clowns. The particular argument being made is that they cause trauma to small children. Introduction to the Source Introduction to the source: The introduction is not lengthy, but does provide some essential details. The author's name, the kind of information (a book), and what the status of the source is (it is an important book). The Quote The quote: includes everything between the quotation marks and the internal citation that follows it. Usually you do not put the author's name in the internal citation if you have already mentioned it in the previous sentence. It has been kept here for example sake. Signal Phrase: This small phrase helps the quote flow into the rest of the essay, and lets the reader know a quote is about to happen. Explanation The explanation: both addresses the quote and ties it back into the thesis of the paper. Review Weak Topic Sentence: This topic sentence does not really tell us what this paragraph will be about. What will the argument be and how does it relate to the thesis? No Introduction to the Source: We are never told who is saying this in what type of source. This could be anyone's opinion. No Signal Phrase: The quote is simply dropped into the text. No citation: There is no indication what the source is. Literally anyone could have said this. No real explanation: The explanation does not tell us much more about the argument than what the quote already says. Now Let's Add the Key Language we learned: Topic Sentence Introduction to the Source Signal Phrase Quote and Citation Explanation
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