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Biophilic Design

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Clayton Bartczak

on 27 December 2013

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Transcript of Biophilic Design

Biophilic Design
What is Biophilic design?

…the deliberate attempt to translate an understanding of
the inherent human affinity to affiliate with
natural systems and processes – known
as biophilia – into the design
of the built environment.”

– Stephen R. Kellert
Biophilic Design
True goals of green building
Restorative design
Image: www.inhabitat.com
&
Image: www.socialtimes.com
Image:www.piccsy.com
Biophilic Design Dimensions
Organic or naturalistic dimension
Direct experience
Indirect experience
Symbolic experience
Place-based or vernacular
Connects to the culture and ecology of a geographic area
Spirit of place
Six Basic Biophilic Design Elements
1) Environmental Features
2) Natural Shapes and Forms
Image: _www.miho.org
Image: www.archimodes.com
Image: www.pitut.com
3) Natural Patterns and Processes
Image: www.homedesignfind.com
4) Light and Space
5) Place-based relationships
6) Evolved Human Nature Relationships
Images: www.skyfactory.com
Image: www.buildicious.com
Image: www.waymarking.com
Image: wwww.soenyun.com
Image: www.muuuz.com
Resources
www.dynamicarchitecture.net
Biophilic Design: Stephen Kellert, Judith Heerwagen, and Martin Mador
Building for Life: Stephen Kellert
Richard Louv: Last Child in the Woods
Green Plants for Green Buildings: greenplantsforgreenbuildings.org
Nedlaw Living Walls: www.naturaire.com
Biophilia Foundation: www.biophiliafoundation.org
Biomimicry Institute: www.biomimicryinstitute.org
Ray Pawson: Evidence-based Policy: A Realistic Perspective (2006)
Evidence based tool: www.informedesign.org
Background
Studies
The Power of Biophilic Design
Image www.twistedsifter.com
Image www.mardantimes.com
Image www.tvap.co.uk
Image www.neublack.com
Image www.umahku.com
Image: www.superstock.co.uk
Image www.eworldpost.com
Image www.cob.ilstu.edu
Image www.criminal-record.org
Image www.perc.org
Green Building Rating Systems and Biophilia
LEED-NC
LEED-EB
LEED for Healthcare
LEEDv4
Places of Respite
Beauty Petal
Biophilia Imperative
Urban Agriculture
Current Trends
Image: www.nclicoalition.org
Image: www.planetexplore.com
Image: www.nclicoalition.org
Image: www.cbf.org
Image: www.kazaa.com
Image: www.roundrocks.com
Questions?
Observations?
Reflections?
Concerns?
Interested?
How are you already using Biophilic design principles?
Image www.zcommunications.org
Image: www.rogerwendell.com
Edward O. Wilson
2
1
Biophilic design assistance
Greening your organization
Sustainable project facilitation
Building performance design consulting
Energy and carbon consulting
Commissioning and audits
Measurement and verification
SERVICES
Thank you!

Renee Azerbegi
renee@ambient-e.com
303-278-1532 x208
Elisabeth Newell
elisabeth@ambient-e.com
310-486-2144
Biomimicry
Environmental Features
Natural Shapes and Forms
Natural Patterns and Processes
Light and Space
Place-based relationships
Evolved human-nature relationships
70 Biophilic Design Attributes
Evidence Based Design
Color
Natural materials
Air
Plants
Habitats and ecosystems
Water
Geology and landscape
Façade greening
Sunlight
Animals
Fire
Biomorphy
Botanical motifs
Tree & columnar supports
Habitats & ecosystems
Shells & spirals
Animal motifs
Geomorphology
Egg, oval, & tubular forms
Arches, vaults & domes
Biomimicry
Shapes resisting straight lines & right angles
Image: www.iceforge.com
Image: www.treehugger.com
Sensory variability
Information richness
Age, change, and the patina of time
Bounded spaces
Growth & efflorescence
Central focal point
Patterned wholes
Transitional spaces
Dynamic balance & tension
Complementary contrasts
Fractals
Hierarchy organized ratios & scales
Linked series & chains
Integration of parts to wholes
Image: www.topboxdesign.com
Natural light
Filtered & diffused light
Reflected light
Light & shadow
Light pools
Spaciousness
Warm light
Light as shape & form
Spatial variability
Spatial harmony
Inside-outside spaces
Image: www.houseplandesigner.blogspot.com
Image: www.homebuilding.co.uk
Historic connection to place
Ecological connection to place
Indigenous materials
Landscape orientation
Cultural connection to place
Landscape features that define
building form
Landscape ecology
Integration of culture & ecology
Avoiding placelessness
Image: www.a-to-z-t2.nm-unlimited.net
Image: www.timeisart.org
Image: www.nps.gov
Image: www.inhabitat.com
Prospect & refuge
Order & complexity
Curiosity & enticement
Change & metamorphosis
Security & protection
Mastery & control
Attraction & beauty
Fear & awe
Information & cognition
Affection & attachment
Reverence & spirituality
Exploration & beauty
Image: www.guianetwork.com
Image: www.laurelkallenbach.com
Image: www.lanternbooks.com
Image: www.uxmag.com
Image: www.bipolarblast.wordpress.com
Image: www.mcgill.ca
Image: www.minturn.org
Image: www.flickr.com
Implementation
Marina City

Chicago, IL

Architect:
Bertrand Goldburg
Zion National Park
Visitor Center
Image: www.rhiannonfleming.blogspot.com
Sleeper Cave Home

Festus, MO
REFUGE
PROSPECT
Chicago Adventure Therapy
or...
Image: www.denverpost.com
Living Wall at Kent Denver School Dining Hall
High Line
NYC
(shapes and forms)
(territorial caretakers)
Patrick Blanc
Sky Factory
Davis Fisher's
Dynamic Architecture
1964
1984
3 step design PROCESS
Focus is on FUNCTION
Savanna Hypothesis
52% increase in CO
2003-2007
2.7 million medicated
U.S. children
Nedlaw
Living
Walls
MIT Chapel
Cambridge, MA
Architect:
Eero Saarinen
Eastgate Center
Mick Pearce
PureBond
Jørn Utzon
Red Rocks Amphitheater
Full transcript