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Period 2: 600 BCE - 600 CE
Transcript of Period 2: 600 BCE - 600 CE
Eddie Ivey Theme 1:
Humans & the Environment Theme 2:
interaction of cultures Religion Many religions were prominent from 600 BC to 600 CE, such as
Hinduism, Polytheism, Buddhism. Hinduism
Originated with the polytheism the Aryans brought as they invaded the Indian subcontinent sometime after 2000 BCE. Hinduism assumes the eternal existence of a universal spirit that guides all the life on earth. The Hindu strongly believe in reincarnation, karma, Dharma, and Moksha. Demography & Disease Theme 4:
creation expansion, & interaction of economic system Agricultural production china many peasants farmers produced rice trade & commerce china Tang conquest & canal systems promoted commercial expansion Land travel used camel caravans to travel Exported manufactured goods in exchange for luxury goods India India developed extensive trade within the sub-continent & the oceanic Merchants traded between the Roman Empire, Indonesia, & China Byzantine Empire Constantinople became a major trading center because of its location between Europe and Asia Labor system Mediterranean Slavery was important in the economic & social institutions Industrialization Polytheism
The belief in many spirits. Each god is responsible for an area of life for example war, sea and death. Most prominent of all the gods was the sun god, who took many forms and went by several names. Buddhism
Began in India in the Ganges River during the 6th century BCE.
The founder of Buddhism was the son of a Hindu named Siddhartha Guatama who didn't find answers in Hinduism so went on a spiritual journey and founded Buddhism. The Plague of Justinian (541-542 AD) was a pandemic that afflicted the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire), including its capital Constantinople.
It was one of the greatest plagues in history. The most commonly accepted cause of the pandemic is bubonic plague, which later became notable as a cause or contributing to the Black Death of the 14th century Science and Technology 600 BCE to 600 CE was a period of a new stone age. It was characterized by refinment of tools primarily for agricultural purposes. Some of the new technology created in the New Stone Age included:
Textile Productions In the han period, trade became increasiling important (silk road India & China Textile, pottery, leather, iron, steel paper manufactuer Capitalism & socialism India & china Lot of captalism, merchant groups and individuals traded for profits Political Structures and Forms of Governance Empires Cyrus the Great becomes king and will lead Persia to form a great empire that will stretch from Egypt to India Nations and nationalism Technology The supremacy of Latin is complete, the last known Etruscan inscription is carved.
Beginning of the Classic period for the Maya who will rise to amazing feats of scientific knowledge and architecture.
In 550BC , Persians use windmills to power irrigation pumps. Migration Turkish people migrated to India. Patterns of Settlement It was a great place for commerce, since it served as a vigorous economic stimulus for both the countryside and the cities of the early Islamic world. Theme 5:
Development and transformation of
social structures. Work that required special skills were often performed by men, they then passed their knowledge onto their heirs.
In blacksmith families women were often potters
Men and women participated in planting and harvesting crops.
Women often took on domestic work and were the primary responsibility for child bearing.
Women had opportunities to hold aristocratic positions and influenced public affairs.
Participated in all women combat military units. Family & Kinship: Racial and ethnic constructions: Theme 3:
Conflict Social and economic classes: Political structures & forms of government Bantu people governed themselves through family and kinship groups
The head of the family (male) served in the villages ruling council.
Kin-based societies struggled after 100 C.E. due to population growth, migrants and conflicts between villages. Khoi
Swahili Qin and Han dynasties guided China.
Daoism encouraged the cultivation of self-knowledge in a way to Confucianism and Daoism.
Legalist doctrines emerged from the insights of men.
In the period of Warring states, several regions adopted elements of the Legalist program.
Qin declared himself first emperor and said his descendants would follow him.
Decline of Manichaeism
Han emperor soon became a puppet and regional lords controlled.
Barrack Emperors/Shang Yang/Fan Feizi KINGDOMS, EMPIRES, CITY STATES (Kongo, Mali, Kilwa):
Ruling elites, military nobles, administrative officials, religious authorities, wealthy merchants, artisans, business entrepreneurs, common people, peasants, slaves.(in order from powerful to not powerful.) Empires Zhou Dynasty
Qin Dynasty & Han Dynasty/ Kingdom
Shang Yang Nations and Nationalism Confucian Influence
The doctrine of Wuwei
Politics Implications of Daoism
Daodejing and Laizo
The Legalist Doctrine
The Reign of Wang Mang
Maritime Trade/Monsoon Wind Gender Roles & Relations Revolts & Revolutions The Yellow Turban Uprising: tested the resilience of the Han state during the later second century. Filled, with rage it spread across China.
Peasant uprising due to decay of Han Dynasty. As, epidemic diseases ran through China, peasant discontent fueled a massive uprising. Although quickly stopped, the rebellion proved to be only the first in a series of insurrections that plagued through China. Regional, transregional, &
global structures and organizations Liu Bang
Patriarchal Social Order
Han expansion in Central Asia
Land Distribution due to peasant family depts
Epidemic diseases Cited Work http://www.istudyapwh.com/600to1450
http://www.fincher.org/History/WorldBC.shtml Arts and Architecure Some of the art and architecture present in 600 BCE rto 600 CE included Stone Palaces: Pohnpei in the Caroli Belief Systems, Philosophies,
Ideologies Mexica: Ritual Bloodletting, believed to set the world in motion
Inca: Animal sacrifices, concept of sin, and judgment after
Australia: Culture didn’t diffuse past regions inhabited by individual societies, geography stories
Polynesia: Marae were ceremonial temples, construction varied among Polynesia