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Instruments of the Orchestra

Instrument Families
by

christopher hayman

on 5 August 2010

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Transcript of Instruments of the Orchestra

Instruments of the Orchestra
Violin Viola Cello Double Bass The String Family


AND Harp A Symphony Orchestra is the largest instrumental group used to make music, consisting of up to 120 people playing many different instruments from four families: Strings, Brass, Woodwind and Percussion. The Woodwind Family The PERCUSSiON Family The Brass Family Trumpet French Horn Trombone Tuba General Info about Strings: Effects/Extra Info: There are many effects used on
stringed instruments including:
'Pizzicato' (plucking the strings)
'Harmonics' (clear, high sounds)
'Stopping' (playing more than
one string at a time)
Hitting the side of the instrument






Sound is produced through the vibration of strings, which resonate within the body of the instruments
The Violin, Viola, Cello and Double Bass are all similar in shape but different in size. They are usually played with a 'bow' made of horse hair. Each member of the Brass family is capable of producing loud, powerful sounds
'Mutes' are objects placed in or around the 'bell' to bend and distort the sound.






Sound is produced by blowing through the instrument. To change notes the player varies lip pressure and lengthens the tubing using 'valves' and 'slides'
The Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone and Tuba are all similar in colour and have a flared end or 'bell'. General Info about Brass: Effects/Extra Info: Flute Oboe Bassoon General Info about Woodwinds: Sound is produced by blowing through the instrument, and different pitches are created by covering different holes.
To produce sound on the Flute air is blown across a hole.
The Oboe and Bassoon have TWO small 'reeds' (made from bamboo) which vibrate when air is blown through them.
The Clarinet has ONE reed which vibrates against its 'mouth piece'.


Untuned Percussion Tuned Percussion General Info about Percussion An instrument that makes its sound by being struck is called a Percussion instrument
There are many types of percussion instruments made from many kinds of materials such as metal, wood, skins and tubes.
If a percussion instrument has no fixed pitch then it is classified as 'Untuned'
If a percussion instrument can play a fixed pitch then it is classified as 'Tuned' Clarinet
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