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The Six Elements of Civilization

By: Emily Stein 7A History 1-31-12

Emily Stein

on 29 January 2013

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Transcript of The Six Elements of Civilization

~a location where a moderate to large group of people reside and work

Government and Armies
~ The ruling body of civilization that makes laws. A group of people who enforces the laws created by the government and defend their ideals.

~ A form of worship when different people believe in different things. It is typically used to explain daily occurrences and natural phenomenons.

C Six Elements of Civilization (cont.) The Sumerian religion was Polytheistic, a belief in many gods. When worshiping the gods, the Sumerians placed idles, Votive Statues, to continue praising the gods throughout the day and Priest or Priestesses supervised rituals. The Ziggurat, a place in which the god lived, was located at the top of a large temple. Sumer-Religion Six Elements of Civilization Social Structure:
~ the different classes of people which make up civilization, including the lower class, middle class, and upper class/royalty.

~ A form of literature which was developed by early civilizations. It can be used for fictional storytelling and record keeping.

Artistic and Intellectual Development:
~ The progress of people in creative endeavors such as the arts towards a change in style.The progress of people towards their understanding of the world, their lives, and nature. Sumer The Sumer Civilization developed from Mesopotamia and were the creators of the first Mesopotamian village. Also, the Sumerians formed city-states, the basic units of Sumerian civlization The Six Elements of Civilization
Ancient Sumer & Modern Greece
Emily Stein
7A History
1-29-13 Sumer-Cities The Sumerians created many cities: Eridu, Ur, and Uruk. The cities were surround by walls, built of sun dried brick, which offered protection from enemies. The Sumerians believed that gods and goddesses owned the cities and Ziggurats were the centers of the city-states. In the cities, the homes were placed accordingly to the Sumerians place in the community. Sumer-Government The Sumer government was a Theocracy, a government by divine authority. The monarchs of the country were believed to be born by Ninhursaga, the goddess and mother of all kings. The kings had a huge amount of responsibility which included: leading armies, supervising the building of public works, and organizing workers for irrigation projects. The armies, Priest, and Priestesses also helped the king rule. Sumer-Social Structure The Sumerian Social Structure consisted of three classes: nobles, commoners, and slaves. The Nobles consisted of the royal and priest families. Commoners included farmers, artisans, merchants, and fishers. The slaves worked for the noble families and were used to farm lands. Sumer-Writing In 3,000 B.C. the Sumerians created a written, "wedged-shaped" literature, Cuneiform. Using a reed stylus, they printed their language on clay tablets and baked them in the Sun. This writing was used for record keeping and were also used in schools to train scribes. Sumer
Artistic & Intellectual Development The Sumerians invented many things such as the wheel, which aided in transporting products and people from place to place, the potter's wheel to make containers, the sundial, for time, and the arch, used in construction. Also, this group of people invented bronze by mixing copper and tin, and created a number system from 1-60. Greece-Cities Greece has many famous cities and the capital of the country is the city of Athens. Named after Athena, this city is one of the oldest in Europe because of it's 3,000 year old recorded history. The Acropolis is also a popular site for many tourists in Athens. Greece-Government Greece's governement is a parliamentary democracy. The parliamentary deputies elect the president instead of the people. The president's term lasts five years. Athens Acropolis Greece- Army Greece had a requirement that all men between the ages of 19-45, must serve in the army, because of the Greek Law. However, this law only applies to the people who are citizens. Women are also allowed to serve in the army. Greece-Religion Greek religion is composed of Christian Orthodox, 97%, and 3% Muslim, Roman, Catholic and Jewish. Religion is current in many places of the Greek society. Christian Orthodox is present at schools because everyday, children pray before starting classes in privacy or publicly. Christian Orthodox-when people believe in many things such as : God the Father, Jesus Christ, The Holy Spirit, Incarnation, and Sin, just to name a few. Greece- Writing The Greeks were the first Europeans to develop an alphabet. The selection of an alphabet appeased them because it offered a more precise record of the sounds in the greek language. The greeks formed the alphabet from the Phoenician scripts. For example: aleph became the Greek letter alpha. Greece
Artistic & Intellectual Development The Greeks invented many useful inventions and some still aid us today. For example: the alarm clock, the thermometer, the crane, maps, and levers, just to name a few. Greece-Social Structure The Social classes in Greece do not exist due to the country's economic state. Greece is living through it's own version of a U.S. great depression. Since 2008, Greek industrial production has fallen, retail sales are collapsing and unemployment is on the rise in every aspect of business and government. Thank You! Sumer-Army The Sumerian army consisted mostly of infantry. These men wore helmets and carried spears. Also, the army was arranged in phalanx formation which implies the Sumerians were professional soldiers. The Sumerian army made great use of the wheel by using carts and chariots. Government People
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