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DIBELS: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills

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Caroline Mwendwa-Baker

on 20 August 2010

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Transcript of DIBELS: Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills

DIBELS Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills What are DIBELS? Early Literacy Skills Early Literacy Skills Phonemic
(ISF & PSF) Phonics Fluency= accuracy+rate+
expression Comprehension Vocabulary DIBELS Measures Letter Naming Fluency (K-1) Initial Sound Fluency (K) Phoneme Segmentation Fluency (K-1) Nonsense Word Fluency (K-2) Oral Reading Fluency (1-6) Word Use Fluency (K-3) Retell Fluency (1-6) Silent Activity
Participants write their impressions
Participants can pose questions and respond to their other individual's thoughts
There is no right or wrong answer Resources:
1. Phonemic Awareness 5 Areas of Early Literacy Skills the ability to hear and manipulate sounds
the understanding that spoken words and syllables are made of sequences of speech sounds (phoneme)
What is it? Phonemic
Awareness Phonics Phonemic Awareness is ESSENTIAL to learning to read and is strong predictor of children who experience early reading SUCCESS! What are the classroom implications? Phonological Awareness Continuum
sound and word
discrimination blending
phoneme deletion
phoneme substitution
phoneme manipulation segmenting
blending blending
segmenting Phonological Awareness Examples 1. Sound and Word Discrimination:
"What word does not belong with the others?" 3. Sentence Segmentation:
"Count the number of words in the sentence." 2. Rhyme and Alliteration 4. Onset(initial consonant/s) and Rime (vowel and consonants that follow:
"What is the onset and rime in fig and twig?" _____ ______ _____ ______ 5. Phoneme Segmentation:
"What are the sounds in glad?
2. Alphabetic Principle Phonics Regular Words:
Irregular Words:
_____________________ Students who lack alphabetic principle cannot:
connect that words are made of letters
correspond a letter and its phoneme
segment sounds
blend sounds
manipulate sounds
read sight words
3. Fluency What is fluency? _____________
It is done accurately and effortlessly. Why do we want students to
develop fluency?


______________________ How do students develop fluency?
__ __ __ __ __ __ __ __ So What? 4. Vocabulary Types of Vocabulary
____________ Children enter school with "meaningful differences" in vocabulary knowledge.
-Hart & Risely, 1995 Activity:
Take a look at the data about children's vocabulary knowledge.
What information strikes you the most?
What does this mean for you as an educator?
Share with your neighbor. 5. Comprehension What is comprehension?
_________________________________ Factors that impact comprehension:
Phonemic Awarness
Alphabetic Understanding
Prior Knowledge
Engagement & Interest
Comprehension instruction should include: __________ _________ Q & A narrative text
expository text How Does it All Fit Together?

Children who enter first grade weak in ____________ _____________
have difficulties learning to “crack the code” of written language.
Children who do not acquire good phonemic decoding skills also known as ___________ in first grade tend to rely too much on guessing; they
remain inaccurate in their reading and do not read independently.
Children must read widely and read accurately in order to acquire the “sight word vocabulary” that makes them ____________ readers.
Children who can read the words in grade level text fluently and accurately can more easily ________________ the meaning of what they are reading.

Fundamental Discoveries About
How Children Learn to Read Any Questions or
Letter Naming Fluency-K-1
Initial Sound Fluency-K
Phoneme Segmentation Fluency-K, 1st
Nonsense Word Fluency-K, 1st, 2nd
Oral Reading Fluency-1-6
Word Use Fluency-K-3
Retell Fluency-1-6

Student copy of probe
Examiner scoring sheet
Directions for Administration
Directions for Scoring
Assesment Integrity Checklist

Letter Naming Fluency (LNF) K-1 Materials Let's Recap... Review the directions for administration.
Review the directions for scoring.
"I Do": Watch as I model the administration and scoring
"We Do": We will all score the given probe.
"You Do": Take Breakout Activity Procedures and
ACTIVITY: Sample Probe Initial Sound Fluency (ISF) -K

Student copy of picture probes
Examiner scoring sheet
Directions for Administration
Directions for Scoring
Assesment Integrity Checklist

Materials Phoneme Segmentation Fluency(PSF) K-1 Examiner copy of word list with phoneme scoring columns
Pen Materials Materials Examiner copy of probe
Student copy of probe
Practice Items
Pen Nonsense Word Fluency (NSF) K-2 Oral Reading Fluency (ORF) 1-6
and Retell Fluency Examiner copy of passage with directions
Student copy (non-numbered version) of passage
Red pencil or pen 1. Examiner probe
2. Clipboard
3. Stopwatch
4. Red pencil or pen Materials Word Use Fluency (WUF) K-3
Do Now
DIBELS Overview
Early Literacy Skills
DIBELS Measures
Reflection AGENDA Objectives:
1. Participants will identify Early Literacy Skills.
2. Participants will understand the DIBELS measures.
3. Participants will administer and score DIBELS measures.
4. Participants will understand the importance of assessments to identify and address student needs. purpose: ______________________

______________________________ Cut Score:______ (at risk) purpose: ______________________

________________________ Cut Score:______ (at risk) Cut Score:______ (at risk) purpose:________________
____________________ Cut Score:______ (at risk) purpose:_____________________ Cut Score:______ (at risk) purpose:_____________________ purpose:_____________________
____________________________ Cut Score:______ (at risk) Chalk Talk Protocol A set of ___________and ___________ for assessing the ___________ of early literacy skills from kindergarten through sixth grade. What does DIBELS measure? Alphabetic Principle (ORF &NWF) (ORF) (ORF &RTF) (WUF) Less
Complex More
Complex -an assessment system designed to measure students' progress on the big ideas of early literacy- Is Phonological Awareness the
same as Phonemic Awareness? _______________ ________________ Now that you are all experts,
it's time to use your expertise...
Read the following scenario and respond to the questions on chart paper. Scenario:
It is the beginning of the year and you have
given the beginning of the year first grade DIBELS measures. When analyzing John's data, you notice the following scores:
Letter Naming Fluency: 10 (at risk)
Phoneme Segmentation: 8 (deficit)
Nonsense Word Fluency: 6 Questions:
What do these 3 assessments tell you about John?
What is your plan to address John's weaknesses?
How will you monitor John's progress? presented by Caroline Mwendwa-Baker
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