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Transcript of E4: Grendel
2. Describe the dragon (list three things from the text).
3. What does the dragon think of free will?
4. What is the dragon's final piece of advice to Grendel? "I exist -- nothing else." solipsism: "Life is inherently meaningless. Bad things happen to good people for no reason. Stuff just happens." absurdism: existence precedes essence "You are what you do."
"You can choose to be good or bad. Hence you are neither by default." inner turmoil, apprehension, or dread.
Man is inherently conflicted between an intricate web of innermost desires. angst Since life is inherently meaningless, nothing can be inherently 'good' or 'bad' -- 'it's all relative.' relativism Søren Kierkegaard Friedrich Nietzsche Karl
Marx "Religion is the opiate of the masses." Jean-Paul Sartre "Hell is other people." "God is dead! God remains dead! And we have killed him." "I must find a truth that is true for me." Key Existentialist Thinkers Key Themes of Existentialism Extreme denial of all organized thought and authority. Nothing exists -- even the individual. nihilism Existentialism is a philosophy based on the idea that individuals have to find the meaning in their own lives. "existence" -tialism = (life) = (search for meaning) Banned Books Week September 30 - October 6 John Gardner's "Grendel" (#96 of Top 100 Banned Books): Challenged in numerous school districts due to profanity, thematic discussion of existential philosophy, detailed passages of violence and mutilation. Chapter 1: Chapter 2: Chapter 3: Chapter 4: Chapter 5: Chapter 6: Chapter 7: Chapter 8: Chapter 9: Chapter 10: Chapter 11: Chapter 12: 7. Who wrote "A Primer of Existentialism?"
8. Name one Christian Existentialist:
9. Name one atheist existentialist:
10. Name one existential philosopher: Gordon Bigelow Soren Kierkegaard, Gabriel Marcel, Jacques Maritain, Paul Tillich, Nicholas Berdyaev Elaise Pascal, Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson, Martin Heidegger, Karl Jaspers Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Simone de Beauvoir 1-6. Please list the six characteristics of Existentialism (as outlined in the reading): 1. Existence before Essence 2. Reason is impotent to deal with the depths of human life. 3. Alienation or Estrangement 4. “Fear and Trembling,” Anxiety 5. The Encounter with Nothingness 6. Freedom Existential Warm-Up: Spongebob Squarepants is just as real (or not real) as you and I are. Defend or refute this claim in a well-reasoned academic paragraph. 1. Existence before Essence 2. Reason is impotent to deal with the depths of human life. 3. Alienation or Estrangement 4. “Fear and Trembling,” Anxiety 5. The Encounter with Nothingness 6. Freedom The Six Elements of Existentialism From "A Primer of Existentialism"
by Gordon Bigelow "i exist. but what am i?" "life isn't fair. stuff just happens for no reason." "i feel alone." inner conflict between "right" and "wrong." sometimes, you feel like nothing and you just stare into the abyss. "i can do whatever i want... well... um... at least, i think i can." CHAPTER 1 REFLECTION QUESTIONS: Which of the six elements of existentialism can be found in the first chapter of "Grendel?" Why might the author have changed Grendel from the monster's original depiction? Is Grendel "more man" or "more monster?" What might this be saying about US? Is this depiction of Grendel more likeable and sympathetic than the original? Why / why not? CLAIM:
is a monster with an existential crisis. Existential Crisis: is a stage of development at which an individual questions the very foundations of his or her life. "Am I living it right?"
"Might be a quarter-life crisis... or just the stirring in my soul." John Mayer
"Why Georgia" "I still see your ghost.
Oh Lord I'm still not sure what I stand for.
What do I stand for?
What do I stand for?
Most nights I don't know." Fun.
"Some Nights" GRENDEL Where does Grendel get stuck? What body part gets stuck? What creature attacks Grendel? When the men arrive, what two options do they consider? 1.
5. malaise discomfort or uneasiness,
feeling "out of sorts" existential malaise boredom and frustration stemming from the cyclical patterns in everyday life. Pose an EXISTENTIAL question that bears relevance to your life as a DJO high school student. you will need a blank sheet of paper. is the avoidance of physical or spiritual work. PRIDE ENVY GLUTTONY GREED LUST WRATH SLOTH is excessive belief in one's own abilities, that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God. is the desire for others' traits, status, abilities, or situation. is an inordinate desire to consume more than that which one requires. is an inordinate craving for the pleasures of the body. is manifested in the individual who spurns love and opts instead for fury. Also called "anger." is the desire for material wealth or gain, ignoring the realm of the spiritual. It is also called avarice. parody A literary or artistic work that imitates the characteristic style of an author or a work for comic effect or ridicule. Parodies turn SERIOUS truths into JOKES. Warm-Up: Summarize the events of chapter 3 in a paragraph of no less than five sentences.
This will be collected 5 minutes after the opening bell. chapter 3 of GRENDEL deals with the monster's search for truth in a world that just doesn't make sense to him. EXISTENTIALISM searches for TRUTH and MEANING in a world where these concepts may very well not exist. "There is no such thing as human nature, not in all or few men... since there is no God to conceive it."
- Jean Paul Sartre South Park: Bigger, Longer, Uncut - Satan "Without EVIL, there can be no GOOD.
So it must be GOOD to be EVIL sometimes." "Godspell" EVIL is a parody of GOOD Parodies are a "mirror" that point out flaws. duality The quality or character of being twofold.
A dual state or quality. déjà vu from the French "already seen."
The experience of experiencing something that you have already experienced. Dool-dool!
Dool-dool! please have a blank piece of paper ready for today's exam. chapter 5 recap quiz abortion rape murder suicide incest homosexuality adultery domestic violence pornography drug abuse alcoholism bribery human trafficking prostitution slavery theft pedophilia gambling cheating bribery extortion 1. Existence before Essence 2. Reason is impotent to deal with the depths of human life. 3. Alienation or Estrangement 4. “Fear and Trembling,” Anxiety 5. The Encounter with Nothingness 6. Freedom The Six Elements of Existentialism From "A Primer of Existentialism"
by Gordon Bigelow "i exist. but what am i?" "life isn't fair. stuff just happens for no reason." "i feel alone." inner conflict between "right" and "wrong." sometimes, you feel like nothing and you just stare into the abyss. "i can do whatever i want... well... um... at least, i think i can." 1. Existence > Essence 2. Reason = fail. 3. Alienation 4. Angst 5. Nothingness 6. Freedom "i exist. but what am i?" "life isn't fair. stuff just happens for no reason." "i feel alone." inner conflict between "right" and "wrong." sometimes, you feel like nothing and you just stare into the abyss. "i can do whatever i want... well... um... at least, i think i can." "Nothing was changed, everything was changed, by my having seen the dragon." paradox a statement that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth what is a "virgin?"
who is the "virgin?" If you knew HEAVEN wasn't in your future...
And you KNEW you could get away with it...
WHAT would you do? warm-up: 1. What is the first word in chapter 7? (hint: it is also the theme of this chapter)
2. What is noticably different about the narrator's style in chapter 7?
3. What is the name of Hrothgar's neighboring enemy warlord?
4. What does Hrothgar's enemy warlord offer as a truce?
5. Why does Grendel decide to release his victim in this chapter? please have a blank piece of paper ready for today's exam. chapter 7 recap quiz GOOD EVIL "Balance is everything." - 91 "Balance is anything." - 110 "I hung balanced, a creature of two minds." - 109 "Balance is everything, sliding down slime..." - 110 GOOD EVIL balance lots of lists, italics, and/or (parentheticals) Hygmod Wealtheow killing her would be just as meaningless as not killing her. Hrothulf Halga Hrothgar Wealtheow Red Horse Two Sons Frewaru brothers father of father of gives advice to Ingeld king of the Heathobards dead guy married parents of arragned to marry Hygmod The object of waging a war is always to be in a better position in which to wage another war. Please number a blank piece of paper from 1-8. 61. The Chief God
62. A blind priest
63. Pretends to be The Destroyer
64. The people of the region
65. Cries at religious therories
66. Mock the "silly old man's" ramblings
67. Believes the blind priest's philosophy
68. Sees the sun covered in spiders
69. Fears a twofold evil in the world
70. Considers killing the blind priest a. Ork
b. The Destroyer
e. Three Young Priests
ab. The fourth priest monotheism polytheism a religion with one God a religion with several gods. Alfred North Whitehead "Importance is primarily monistic in its reference to the universe. Limited to a finite individual occasion, importance ceases to be important." (68) "Importance is primarily monistic in its reference to the universe. Importance, limited to a finite occasion, ceases to be important." (Whitehead, Modes of Thought) "The King of the God’s is the actual entity in virtue of which the entire multiplicity of eternal objects obtains its graded relevance to each stage of concrescence. Apart from Him, there can be no relevant novelty" (132). "The entity of which we become aware in sense perception is the terminus of our act of perception...Perception is simply the cognition of prehensive unification; or more shortly, perception is cognition of prehension." (Whitehead, Science and the Modern World) Kurt exists. existence essence process philosophy though a thing's incidental qualities may change, the fundamental existence of the thing always remains the same. existence Søren Kierkegaard: "Fear and Trembling" Aesthetic "slaves" "knight of infinite resignation" "knight of faith" "If God did not exist, it would be necessary to invent him." - Voltaire Kurt gets sick. Kurt is still Kurt. The Ethical The Religious knows nothing, does nothing to change their lot in life. knows right from wrong,
does out of habit. concedes that he cannot know,
does good things anyway. An Atheist
(NIHILIST) A MONOTHEIST
(CHRISTIAN) (they're both quoting the same philosopher!) atheism a belief system with no gods. 71. Christian existentialist
72. A fictional atheistic nihilist
73. Frustrated by daily routines & patterns
74. Repeatedly whispers "Warovvish"
75. A true believing “knight of faith”
76. An aetheist who calls religion “opium”
77. A French playwright
78. Philosopher quoted in chapters 5 and 9
79. A fictional monotheist
80. Dies in chapter 10 a. Beowulf
b. The Shaper
c. The Dragon
d. Alfred North Whitehead
e. Grendel's Mother
ab. Karl Marx
bc. Soren Kirkegaard 1. Existence > Essence 2. Reason = fail. 3. Alienation 4. Angst 5. Nothingness 6. Freedom "i exist. but what am i?" "life isn't fair. stuff just happens for no reason." "i feel alone." inner conflict between "right" and "wrong." sometimes, you feel like nothing and you just stare into the abyss. "i can do whatever i want... well... um... at least, i think i can." Søren Kierkegaard: "Fear and Trembling" Aesthetic "slaves" "knight of infinite resignation" "knight of faith" The Ethical The Religious knows nothing, does nothing to change their lot in life. knows right from wrong,
merely performs actions out of habit. concedes that he cannot know,
does good things anyway. Dool-dool!
Warovvish! "Beware the fish." "nihil ex nihilo." (nothing comes from nothing) Iota (i) = Iēsous = Greek for “Jesus”.
Chi (ch) = Christos = Greek for “anointed”.
Theta (th) = Theou = Greek for “God’s”.
Upsilon (y) = yios = Greek for “Son”.
Sigma (s) = sōtēr = Greek for “Savior” INTRODUCTION
CONCLUSION Evidence of one of Bigelow's six themes from "Grendel" ch. 1-4. Evidence of this same theme from "Grendel" ch. 5-8. Evidence of this same theme from "Grendel" ch. 9-12. WRITING A ONE-THEME ESSAY BODY #1 BODY #2 BODY #3 INTRODUCTION
CONCLUSION Existence before Essence The impotence of reason. Alienation and estrangement. WRITING A SIX-THEME ESSAY BODY #1 BODY #2 BODY #3 "Fear and Trembling," anxiety. The Encounter with Nothingness. Freedom. BODY #4 BODY #5 BODY #6 * Every paragraph should include a relevant quote from Gordon Bigelow's "A Primer of Existentialism." * Intro paragraph should focus on one theme from Gordon Bigelow's "A Primer of Existentialism." * Every body paragraph should demonstrate how this same theme is a found in "Grendel." * Every body paragraph should demonstrate how each different theme is a found in "Grendel." 81. Signs of the zodiac
82. Stages of existence, according to Kirkegaard
83. Gifts of the Holy Spirit
84. Gods, according to Ork
85. Heroes from across the sea
86. Nihil ex nihilo
87. Young priests who think Ork is foolish
88. Trunks on the tree in Grendel's dream (ch. 8)
89. Chapter where Grendel meets the dragon
90. Zodiac month of the "Water Bearer" bd. Ten
abc. Fifteen a. Zero
e. Four ab. Five
"He and his company went on, their weapons clinking, chain-mail jangling... like one creature, huge strange machine." (155) Anglo Saxon Riddles Miniature "guessing games" that provide readers with subtle clues about an object without explicitly stating what that object actually is. Clocks.
"It is time." (166) "that beat -- inhumanly steady; inexorable." (152) "quick as wolves -- but mechanical, terrible -- the strangers leaped down." (152-153) "His voice... powerful... [a] voice of a dead thing." (153). "The eyes slanted downward, never blinking." (154) "His chest was as wide as an oven. His arms were like beams." (155) "His mouth... moved independent of the words, as if the body of the stranger was a ruse, a disguise for something infintely more terrible." (155) 91. Grendel kills a sleeping man
92. Beowulf taunts Grendel
93. Grendel cries for his mother
94. Beowulf fights naked
95. Grendel sings
96. Beowulf tears off Grendel's arm
97. Grendel flees the mead hall
98. Beowulf fights a dragon
99. Grendel slips on blood
100. Beowulf cuts off Grendel's head a. "Beowulf"
c. both texts
d. neither text "Poor Grendel's had an accident," I whisper. "So may you all." (174) MLA Format Reminders: "This is a direct quote" (Author 147). John Doe
English 3, Period 2
October 19, 2012 Works Cited pages should list all of the scholarly works used in your research (NOT Sparknotes). Any paraphrased information that includes details from the text should also receive a proper citation (Author 182). Header goes in top left corner Title is Centered The first line of each paragraph is indented using the TAB key. Your
entire paper should be double-spaced. The easiest way to do this is to
hit "Ctrl+A" to highlight all, then "Ctrl+2" to double space (or "Ctrl+1" to
single space your document). Times New Roman size 12.
Use same font throughout! Titles of BOOKS or PLAYS should be ITALICIZED or UNDERLINED. Last-Minute Formatting Help Essays tracing SIX themes Essays tracing ONE theme