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DEAR in V4

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Agnes Rajacic

on 28 September 2014

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Transcript of DEAR in V4

Development Education and Awareness Raising in the V4
1. People's attitude: pessimism inside,
optimism for outside

3. Passivity in democratic participation "inside", optimism for "outside"

More than 2/3 of Europeans consider that their voice does not count in the EU, The same proportion agrees that the EU’s voice counts in the world (67%, vs. 27% who disagree with this statement). (opinion is almost unchanged since autumn 2012)

The crisis has not had a significant impact on Europeans’ adherence to the key values that underpin international development cooperation or to specific elements of national and European development policy. (Eurobarometer #392 October 2012):

3. National strategies: a priority?
4. NMS: Preferential treatment?
2. Attitude of grantees: more pessimism
2. The social sensibility is still high in the EU
What is important in Europe 2020?

More than 2/3 of Europeans consider that it is important “to modernise labour markets, with a view to raising employment levels” (80%, unchanged since autumn 2012) and
“to help the poor and socially excluded and enable them to play an active part in society” (78%, -2) in order for the European Union to emerge from the present financial and economic crisis and prepare for the next decade.

1. NMS worry more than the average for unemployment and less than the average for environment

What do you think are the most important issues facing our country at the moment?
Unemployment: (Av 51%), SK 59%, CZ 44%, HU 60%, PL 69%
Environmental issues (Av 4%), SK 0%, CZ 1%, HU 2%, PL1%

Did not take any action (Av. 41%),, CZ 35%; HU 63%; SK 31%; PL 43%
Evaluation of NSA-LA programme programme
Sample of 104 projects, 68 external evaluations, surveyed 213 grant beneficiaries of Objective 2 and about 60 interviews:

Weakening roots in civil society of grant oriented NGOs. Even where these organisations profess a specialisation or mission, this is diluted as the organisation responds to a wide range of Calls from Proposals on different subjects.
Ad hoc coalitions under DEAR. In a large minority of projects surveyed, partners were weakly or not at all engaged in implementation.

"Trapped" situation:
 Limited founding (CZ 0,66 M, 2010; HU: 51 000? MFA co-finance, PL 0.8 M, 2009, SK 0.06 M, 2010) vs. UK 27 M, Spain 34.2 M
 Relations between NSAs, LAs, other public institutions are not stable, depend on political affinities; change in administration dissolves a significant part of NSA-state cooperation. (Survey: few projects have achieved a non-partisan institutional cooperation)
 A significant proportion do not solicit or receive European private funds but are donor dependent
 LAs are not well-adapted to this co-financing mechanism
Overwhelming lobby work for the inclusion of DE with MoEs and MFA causes more dependency

Relatively few actors engaged in the educational aspects of DEAR. More appear to be engaged in information provision and campaigns on development issues,

More than two thirds of projects in formal education also relate to the themes of the other two lots, particularly to awareness raising.

Figure : Themes of Objective 2 projects, according to grant beneficiaries
Focus on Campaigning
Politics: " DEAR is an issue over there"

Reduced support for global poverty issues in general and for awareness raising and education on global development issues in particular (i.e. an issue „"over there‟" and not relevant to economies and societies in NMS).

In some OMS of the EU governmental support for DEAR is being questioned: in Sweden, the Netherlands and the UK as a result of changes in political or educational philosophies and practices, a response to the financial-economic crisis, and as a response to perceived lack of efficacy of DEAR .

Result: "GE is a good thing, Help yourself..."

National DEAR strategies has been developed,
but mostly with lower priority

Formation of DEAR Strategies and DEAR Curricula:

Czech Republic
(2011), In collaboration with the DE working group, the MFA has taken the initiative to develop a DE National Strategy, approved by the cabinet of Ministers,
(2012-16), DE strategy has been prepared by NGDO Platform with MoE Methodological Centre and Pedagogical Institute
(2013), Dev.Aid strategy underway, long years of negotiations, a discussion paper drafted by HAND’s GE working group. MFA drafted the strategy trough multi-stakeholder process, was presented in Parliament
Poland: (
2009-2011), MSH process with support of MFA, MoE. Result is a MoU on Global Education

What could work?
(i.e.Structural Dialogue to AAPs 2011-2013)

National multistakeholder approach has led to strategies
Linking the topic with general interest of the local public enhance the efficiency of the projects
Conditional link to the principles of human rights, good governance and gender equality will enhance EU support but will not necessarily engage the public
 The separation of Global learning and Campaigning approach will deliver more focused projects
Stronger stakeholder engagement on behalf of EU has been observed (...info conferences)
What is still missing
1. Definition of clear outputs and goals for impact measurement (...)
2. Projects aiming structural changes (...)
3. Solid ground for NGOs, (not in őpolitics)
4. Diversify the activities and look for innovation (...)

(Eurobarometer 2013)
Flash Eurobarometer 373

This evidence should be weighed against the sober-to-pessimistic mood of DEAR practitioners, as reflected in our survey of grantees. (40 NMS 132 OMS respondents)
8 of the 12 NMS applies for Call for proposals more than the average. On average, NMS win more projects
than OMS, proportional to their population.

Grantees: Good "performance" on shaky grounds
political context
more "pragmatic approach"
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