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Transcript of Note Taking
Successful Note Taking Tips for College Students
How many of us take notes? Why or Why not?
Why Should We take Notes?
Note taking improves listening
Develop organizational skills
The 4 R's of note taking
Use your study time more wisely
Determine important information and ideas
Exposes you to more learning strategies
Why Some Students Don't
Think they can remember everything
Think it's too difficult to listen and take notes
Can't read or understand their notes afterward
Don't know what to write down
Taking notes and rewriting the information in their own words during lecture helps students retain information
Researchers found that information contained in notes had a 34% chance of being remembered while information not found in notes had only a 5%. (Howe, 1970, in Longman and Atkinson, 1999).
By Day 2, students forget 50-80% of what was taught in lecture; by Day 30, students tend to forget 97-98% of the actual lecture.
(AVID Center, 2005)
The Forgetting curve
Hearing Isn't Listening
You're already there; you might as well make the most of it!
What is hearing?
What is listening?
What makes for a good listener?
Are you a good listener?
Coming to class with a positive attitude and willingness to participate will help you focus.
Sit close to the front of class to improve your concentration, vision, and participation.
Stay focused and recognize when you enter the "blah-blah-blah" state.
Avoid being distracted by classmates or daydreams.
Separate main ideas and details from the rest
Relate important points to concepts you already know.
Ask the instructor for clarification when you don't understand.
Pay attentions to verbal and visual cues
How good are your listening habits?
10 bad Listening habits and how to Avoid them
1. Finding the material boring
2. Judging or criticizing the speaker
3. Getting worked up over the content
4. Listening for only facts
5. Trying to write down everything or nothing at all
6. Faking passive attention
7. Easily distracted
8. Choosing the easy way out
9. Refusing to listen to new ideas or concepts
10. Misusing time between speech and thought speed
1. Search for new, interesting, relative, or useful information.
2. Turn your attention to what is being said.
3. Withhold evaluation until the end till you hear the speaker's whole story.
4. While facts are important, determine main concepts, overarching themes, the "bigger picture," and its purpose.
5. Separate the important from unimportant and reword your notes
6. Listening isn't passive; it's active. It requires attention, physical and mental response, and anticipating the next point.
7. Recognize when you're distracted.
8. Good listening is a skill; listening to only what is easy handicaps growth.
9. Don't let emotions or views rob you of the learning process.
10. Relate, summarize, and anticipate the next point.
How to avoid those habits
successful Note taking Strategies
Read or skim the text prior to attending lecture
Review your notes from the previous lecture
- Have materials ready (paper, pencil, pen, ect.)
- Always use the same notebook - 8.5" by 11" paper
- Don't keep notes on oddly shaped pieces of paper
- Date each entry and begin each lecture on a new page
- Separate each courses' notes
- Color code
Develop a good note taking system
- Standard symbols ( $, @, %, ect.) - Texting symbols
- Create your own abbreviations - Note taking layout
- Texting symbols
- Note taking layout
Come to class with a positive attitude
Sit close to the front of class
Determine important ideas and relate them to concepts you know
Ask the professor for clarification
Most professors give cues to show what is important
- Questioning the class
- Repeat themselves or add emphasis
- Provide visual aids
- Write on the board
*always take notes on what's written on the board*
- Previews or summaries
- Cue words (as a result, for example, this relates to, or "this will be on the test")
Keeps blank lines and space in your notes
- Makes notes neater
- Leave rooms for additional comments or notes
Reword your notes; avoid mindlessly coping the professor or the PowerPoint
Review and reorganize your notes as soon as possible after class.
Make sure you are writing legibly.
Rewrite ideas in your own words and add comments to your notes.
Highlight important ideas, examples and issues.
Review your class notes before the next class period.
Ask questions during office hours or the next class period if concepts are unclear.
Review all your notes at least once per week to get a perspective on the course.
Think about what you have written and connect it with other concepts from class.
Begin to remember definitions, procedures, concepts, ideas and formulas that are in your notes.
Compare your lecture notes to the ideas, explanations, and examples in the textbook.
Color coding - a way of organizing information using different colors. It is used in many practices around the world and in different fields. There is no set way, so be creative.
- Code Blue at hospital - Traffic Lights
- Purple Pipe for irrigation - Electrical Wiring
- Red or Yellow fire hydrants
Reasons to Color Code:
1. It provides a quick means of distinguishing each class
2. Quickly find important study materials.
1. Select a color per class
Make a visual and mental connection between the class and the color in order to remember your color system.
Red = Math
Yellow = English
Find folders, flags, highlighters, notes, stickers, and labels to match them.
This is your color system so you can play around a while so as to make each color makes sense for each class.
You can use the color coding that the instructor uses.
What classes are you taking in the fall?
What color would associate with them?
2. Use Color to Distinguish information
Be selective in highlighting information; pick out only the most important terms or ideas
Color coding notes is usually done after class when rewriting class notes
• Use different highlighters to color the important terms, people, dates, and ideas.
Supernova = Term
Fritz Zwicky = People
1931 = Date
Quantum Theory = Idea
• Use one color for a vocabulary term, and another color for its definition.
= the representation of Asia in a stereotyped way that is regarded as embodying a colonialist attitude.
• Use certain colored paper for each class that way when papers are left scattered, you can identify the class by the color.
• Use a different color for each specific topic covered.
Who would try taking digital notes?
How many of you will try a new note taking method?
What challenges do you think you will still face?
How are you going to combat those challenges?
How did you do taking notes right now
during this lecture?
There are many FREE note taking apps
If you have a tablet, try using Microsoft OneNote or EverNote to take notes
DSPS - ask for an assistant to help with notetaking or use a dictation software
open form information gathering programs that collects notes (handwritten or typed), drawings, clippings and
“Color Code” http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_code
“Effective Listening and Notetaking.”North Shore Community Coleege Student Support Center, n.d.
“Effective Note Taking Strategies.” Utah State University Academic Resource Center, n.d.
Fleming, Grace. “Organize Your Homework.” About Education, n.d.
“Hints for Good Note Taking.” Chapman University, n.d. http://www1.chapman.edu/arc/goodnotes.html
Lombardi, Esther. “Why Take Notes.” About Education, n.d. http://classiclit.about.com/cs/articles/a/aa_takenotes.htm
Longman, D. and Atkinson, R. College Learning and Study Skills. 1999. Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.
“Math Study Skills: Notetaking.” Mission College, n.d.
Mattern, Shannon. “Media Researcg Methods.” Words in Space, n.d.
“Note Taking Tips and Suggestions.” Texas State University-San Marcos Student Learning Assistance Center (SLAC), n.d.
Sweet Briar College: http://www.arc.sbc.edu/notes.html
“The Forgetting Curve.” USC Bakersfield, 2005. http://www.csub.edu/~bruff/The%20Forgetting%20Curve.pdf
What you retain when you study